Download Blood Groups - Ms. Cole`s Science Center

yes no Was this document useful for you?
   Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Document related concepts

Anemia wikipedia, lookup

Hemolytic-uremic syndrome wikipedia, lookup

Blood sugar level wikipedia, lookup

Autotransfusion wikipedia, lookup

Schmerber v. California wikipedia, lookup

Blood transfusion wikipedia, lookup

Blood donation wikipedia, lookup

Plateletpheresis wikipedia, lookup

Hemorheology wikipedia, lookup

Jehovah's Witnesses and blood transfusions wikipedia, lookup

Men who have sex with men blood donor controversy wikipedia, lookup

Blood bank wikipedia, lookup

Blood type wikipedia, lookup

ABO blood group system wikipedia, lookup

Rh blood group system wikipedia, lookup

• Why is it important for people in a
hospital to get the right blood type
when they need if for a
Bell Ringer
• 1901 Austrian Karl Landsteiner discovered
human blood groups
• blood transfusions became safer
• Awarded Noble Prize in 1930.
• Determined by proteins called
antigens on the surface of your blood.
• With different antibodies
• Ex: Type A blood has A antigens but B
• A antibodies would attack A blood.
Blood Type
Human Blood Types
(Blood Type)
ABO Group
Antigen on
Red Blood Cell
Safe Transfusions
• O – universal donor
• No antigens
• AB – universal recipient
• No antibodies
• Important in blood transfusions and
paternity suits
• Single gene I - has 3 different alleles
• Multiple Alleles
Blood type A genotype IA IA IA i
Blood type B
genotype IB IB IB i
Blood type ABgenotype IA IB (codominant)
Blood type O
genotype ii (recessive)
ABO Blood Group
• Determined by single gene with 2 alleles
• Rh positive (Rh+/Rh+ or Rh+/ Rh-)
• Rh negative (Rh-/Rh-)
• Rh+ can never be given to Rh- people
• Can cause a mother’s body to attack a
Rh Group