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Transcript
ROMANTICISM
ART STYLE IN LIBERAL AND NATIONALIST
EUROPE
DEFINITION:


Romanticism was a cultural and artistic
movement that predominated in Europe during
the first half of the 19th century.
We can observe
charasteristics:
at
least
FOUR
main
CREATIVE FREEDOM FOR THE
ARTIST
Romanticism
reflected
liberalism, which also
emphasised freedom.
LIBERTY LEADING THE PEOPLE– DELACROIX
(1831)
RESPECT FOR THE INDIVIDUAL
Artists
reflected their own
inner world, without having
to follow any established
rules.
WANDERER ABOVE THE SEA OF FOG
DAVID FRIEDRICH (1818)
– CASPAR
EXPRESSION OF FEELINGS
An
artist’s most important
role was to transmit
emotions, such as love,
unhappinness or desperation.
THE LADY OF SHALOTT – JOHN WILLIAM
WATERHOUSE (1888)
GLORIFICATION OF NATIONAL
HISTORY
Nationalism
was encouraged
in many parts of Europe
during 19th century. Artists
wanted to express nationalist
sentiment in their work, and
often looked to the Middle
Ages for inspiration.
OSSIAN RECEIVING THE GHOSTS OF FRENCH
HEROS – ANNE-LOUIS GIRODET (1802)
THE ARMING AND DEPARTURE OF THE KNIGHTS
(TAPESTRY) – EDWARD BURNE-JONES (1893)
ROMANTIC ARCHITECTURE
Romantic
architects glorified
their nation´s history, imitating
Gothic
architecture
(NeoGothic), and other old stlyes
(Neo-Mudejar, Neo-Romanesque,
etc.)
PERPENDICULAR GOTHIC STYLE – 1840
TO 1870
ROMANTIC SCULPTURE
Sculptors
reflected
people´s
desire
for
freedom
and
independence.
This
was
transmitted through depictions
of drama and movement. The
most famous Romantic sculptor
was Rude.
THE DEPARTURE OF THE VOLUNTEERS OF
1792 (LA MARSEILLAISE) – RUDE (1833)
ROMANTIC PAINTING
Painters
created idealise
depictions of the anguish that
people had suffered as a
result of the 19th-century
liberal revolutions.
THE DEAD OF CHATTERTON – HENRY
WALLIS (1856)
THE FIGHTING TEMERAIRE – WILLIAM TURNER
(1839)