Download The Romantic Movement - Mr. Kolodinski's History Classes

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Is reason all there is?
Romanticism defined…
 A movement that glorified and celebrated nature, all
emotion , imagination and the mysterious
 A reaction against the cold & calculated
 A reaction against the French Revolution’s excesses
AND the destruction of the Napoleonic Era
 Honored Europe’s Medieval past
 Worldview that included the existence of things
beyond that of empirical observation
 Is there more to life than science and numbers?
Roots of Romanticism
 Renaissance individualism
 Protestantism’s emphasis on piety and devotion
 German “Sturm und Drang” movement
 Emotional & tragic… all of life
 Rousseau
 Is rationalism enough to explain the human experience?
 Individual freedom of experience… learn by T & E
 Kant
 Human perception & knowledge = Senses + Process
 Subjective
 Innate Human Morality = Truth is beyond Reason
Music of the Romantic Movement
 Ludwig von Beethoven
 German composer
 Hearing impaired
 Full orchestra use >>
↑ emotional range of
 Frederic Chopin
 Polish child prodigy
 Pianist & composer
 Franz Liszt
 Hungarian pianist &
Literature of the Romantic Movement
 British
 Sir Walter Scott … novelist
 Samuel Taylor Coleridge… poet
 William Wordsworth… poet
 Lord Byron … poet
 John Keats… poet
 Percy Shelley… poet
 German
 Johann W von Goethe (G)…
 Friedrich Schlegel (G)… novelist
 French
 Victor Hugo (F)… novelist
There was a time
when meadow,
grove and
The earth and
every common
To me did seem
appareled in
celestial light,
The glory and
freshness of a
Art of the Romantic Movement
 British
 John Constable
 JMW Turner
 French
 Eugene de la Croix
 German
 Caspar David Friedrich
Architecture of the Romantic Movement
 Neo-Gothic Revival
 Medieval Style
Romanticism & Religion
 Religion includes emotion…
is expressed in nature, God’s
 John Wesley & Methodism
Reaction against Deism &
 Revival – style… enthusiasm +
emotional experience
 Repentance > Conversion >
Good Works > Godly life
 Francois Rene de Chateaubriand
& RC Revival
 Inner – Passion derived from
message and sacraments
 Friedrich Schleiermacher
 Emotional & physical
dependence on the Infinite
 1 O FOR a thousand tongues to
My great Redeemer's praise,
The glories of my God and King,
The triumphs of his grace!
 2 My gracious Master and my God,
Assist me to proclaim,
To spread through all the earth
The honours of thy name.
 3 Jesus! the name that charms our
That bids our sorrows cease;
'Tis music in the sinner's ears,
'Tis life, and health, and peace.
 4 He breaks the power of cancelled
He sets the prisoner free;
His blood can make the foulest
His blood availed for me.
Romantic Nationalism
 Glorification of individuals & individual cultures
 JG Fichte (G)
 Humanity has shaped the world… great persons
 Johann G Herder (G)
 Distinctiveness of culture & peoples
 GWF Hegel (G)
 Historical evolution… all cultures / eras valuable
 Thesis (Idea)> Antithesis (Challenge) > Synthesis (New)
 What about the Islamic world?
 Anti-Islamic… Medieval / revived Christianity / Politics
 Pro-Islamic… Literature / Herder / Hegel / Schleiermacher
 Use your skills to create a “Romantic” piece of art,
poetry or music & include a paragraph explanation of
why it is ‘Romantic’ OR
 Take an existing example of Romanticism and write a
1-page explanation of why this example qualifies as
 Include a copy of the example