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Transcript
Chapter 10.1
The Rise of Islam
 Followers of Islam are called Muslims
 Started in the Arabian Peninsula: ie.,
Saudi Arabia, etc.
Objective: to learn about…
1. How Muhammad became the
prophet of Islam.
2. How Islam impacts the lives of
Muslims.
This is important b/c….
1. Judaism, Christianity, and
Islam have similarities
like…yet are misunderstood by
many.
2. We live in a multi-cultural
world and perhaps knowledge
will lead to more tolerance or
those that are different.
Chapter 10 vocab
Kaaba 1
mosque 1
jihad 1
caliph 2
Calligraphy 3
Quran 1
Hajj 1
Sharia 1
Minarets 2
Taj Mahal 4
Focus Q
What do you know about Islam?
5 pillars, holy book, holy cities?
Holidays, customs, dress?
Who’s their prophet?
House of worship?
Focus Q
Where do I put no-name papers?
What should you do at the beginning of
each class?
How do I deal w/ kids using phones?
What does “understand before you
disagree” mean?
Muhammad Becomes a Prophet
Muhammad
 born 570 AD in Mecca, a caravan crossroads
 Mecca, thriving pilgrimage center—pray at the
Kaaba—temple housed statues of gods,
goddesses –believed Abraham built it
 At 25, married Khadija
 Became a successful merchant
 Known for honesty, devoted husband/father
This is not a picture of Muhammad
Numerous passages
in the Qur’an prohibit
idolatry, and worshipping
statues or pictures,
but there is no
verse in the Qur’an that
explicitly or implicitly says
not to have any pictures
of Muhammad.
Pictures and Islam
 Conclusion: "No pictures" includes
no photos (still or moving). "No
pictures" might reduce idolatry, but
the reason given is not that, but
that Allah will torment all who have
made pictures. Observation: It is
clear that making pictures is a
horrible sin in Islam and that Allah
will punish those people on the
Day of Judgment. There is no
command for Muslims to go out
now and punish those painters
themselves.
Muhammad becomes God’s
Messenger
1. At 40, ***the angel
Gabriel called him to be
God’s messenger***
2. He accepted, Khadija 1st
convert
3. Islam means “to submit
to God”
4. Allah: Arabic for God
The Hijra: A Turning Point
1. His rejection of traditional Arab gods
***angered Meccan merchants—feared
ignoring their idols would disrupt
pilgrimage trade***
2. Faced w/ death threats, he a his followers
left for Medina (Yathrib) in 622—the 1st year
of Muslim calendar
3. Turning point—people in Medina began to
convert to Islam
Jerusalem
Mecca
Which are the 3 holy
cities of Islam?
Meccan leaders became hostile
towards Muslims
Muhammad returns to Mecca in 630
1. Destroys the idols in the Kaaba
***Kaaba—temple in Mecca—most holy
place in Islam—Rededicates Kaaba to
Allah ***
2. Muhammad dies in 632—his revelations
were compiled in the Quran after his
death
Teachings of Islam
1. Islam is monotheistic
2. God sent other prophets: Adam, Noah,
Abraham, Moses, Jesus, Muhammad
was the last and greatest prophet
What are the other great
monotheistic religions?
The Prophetic Tradition
Adam
Noah
Abraham
Moses
Jesus
Muhammad: the last and
greatest prophet
Islam: Peoples of the Book
 Muslims are strict monotheists.

They believe in the JudeoChristian God, which they call
Allah.

Muslims believe that the Torah
and the Bible, like the Qur’an,
is the final and complete word of God.
Quran
***Quran is their sacred text***is the word
of God revealed to Muhammad***
1. God is powerful, compassionate
2. People are responsible for their actions
3. 114 (suras) chapters
4. Written in Arabic
That’s darn funny…
 Regular naps prevent old age, especially
if you take them while driving.
 A woman caught her husband on the weight scale,
sucking in his stomach.
“That won’t help you, Joe, you know?”
“Oh it helps a lot,” says the man, “it’s the only way
I can see the numbers!”
 They say you can’t get a decent job without
education. But look at Albert Einstein – he
was a drop-out and still ended up being the
first man on the Moon!
5 Pillars of Islam
1. Shahada: declaration of faith
2. Pray 5 times a day
3. Give charity to the poor
4. Fast during Ramadan
5. Hajj
5 Pillars of Islam
Duties that all Muslims must do:
1. The Shahada: Make a declaration of faith:
“There is no god but Allah, and Mohammed
is the messenger of Allah.“
2. Pray 5 times a day
3. Give charity to the poor
 About 2.5% of your income
Muslims Follow Duties
4. Fast during daylight during holy month of
Ramadan, the month Muhammad received his
1st revelations from God. Intended to teach
patience, spirituality, humility and
submissiveness to God.
5. ***Hajj: pilgrimage to Mecca to pray at the
Kaaba***, if you are financially and physically
able
More about The Salat, daily prayers.
 The mandatory prayers
performed 5 times a day:
* dawn
* noon
* late afternoon
* sunset
* before going to bed

Wash before praying.

Face Mecca and use a prayer rug.
***Mosque
is their house of worship***
2
More about The Hajj
 The pilgrimage to Mecca.

Must be done at least once in a
Muslim’s lifetime.

2-3 million Muslims make the
pilgrimage
every
year.
5
Hajj to Mecca
Eid Mubarak
See
Calligraphy?
End of the Ramadan holiday.
Muslims Follow Duties
Another duty is
 ***Jihad: to struggle in God’s service.
1. Usually a personal duty to focus on
overcoming immorality
2. Sometime interpreted as a holy war to
defend Islam***
Sharia—Islamic System of Law
***Sharia: The body of Muslim laws***
1. It regulates moral conduct, family life,
business practices, govt and other parts
of Muslim life.
2. Applies religious principles to all legal
situations
Impact of Islam on Women
1. Islam says all people are spiritually
equal
2. In practice, men and women had
different roles and rights
Inheritance, divorce, driving, etc.
Women dressing modestly adopted
from Persians
Other Islamic Religious
Practices
 Up to four wives allowed at once.

No alcohol or pork.

No gambling.

Sharia  body of Islamic law to
regulate daily living.

Three holiest cities in Islam:
* Mecca, Medina, Jerusalem.
Muslims in the World Today
Countries with the Largest Muslim
Population
1. Indonesia
183,000,000
6. Iran
62,000,000
2. Pakistan
134,000,000
7. Egypt
59,000,000
3. India
121,000,000
8. Nigeria
53,000,000
4. Bangladesh
114,000,000
9. Algeria
31,000,000
10. Morocco
29,000,000
5. Turkey
66,000,000
* Arabs make up only 20% of the total
Muslim population of the world.
Muslims in America
Summarize
 On focus Q page
 3 things you learned
 I wonder……
 Reminds me of……
10.1 Left Side
1. Make a graphic organizer for the 5
pillars of Islam
2. For each one:
 Define
completely
 Draw a picture
 Use color