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CIVIL WAR 1861-1865
Important People and Events
Presidents during the Civil War
Abe Lincoln
Jefferson Davis
Generals during Civil War
Ulysses S. Grant
Robert E. Lee
Women in Civil War
Clara Barton
“Angel of the
Started Red Cross in
Lucy Davis: sewed new
Louisa Minor: helped
at hospitals
Union Generals v. Confederate
William T. Sherman
Philip T. Sheridan
Adm. D.G. Farragut
Stonewall Jackson
Jeb Stuart
Weapons of the Civil War
Minie Ball
Gatling Gun
1st submarine to sink its target
Submarines in the Civil War
Henley sunk USS Houstanoic in 1864
Ft. Sumter
April 12-13 1861
Bull Run (1st and 2nd)1861 and 1862
A.K.A Manassas
McDowell v. Beauregard
Forced Union back to D.C.
“picnic battle”
Sherman, Grant, Don
Carlos Buell
Sidney Johnston and P.T.
13,000 Union Casualties
10,700 Confederate
September 17th 1862
“turning pt. of war”
Bloodiest day of the Civil War
23,000 soldiers killed, wounded or missing in 12
Ended the Confederate advance into the North
Bull Run or
Union flanked by Jackson & Lee
Emancipation Proclamation (January 1,
"that all persons held as slaves" within the rebellious
states "are, and henceforward shall be free."
Limitations: only if Union won, did not include
Confederate states under Union control
Promises: Liberated could become liberators
200,000 Black soldiers; each advance of federal
troops = more freedom
Vicksburg (May 19 and 22, 1863)
Grant v. Pemberton
Opened the Mississippi River to Union in 1863
Gettysburg (July 1-3 1863)
Cemetery Ridge, Little Round Top, Culp’s Hill
“The world will little note nor long remember what
we say here…” (possibly the most famous speech in
George Meade vs. Lee
Pickett’s Charge (Pettigrew-Trimble or Longstreet)
Confederates lost 50%
Between 46,000-51,000 Americans killed
Atlanta (July 22nd 1864)
McPherson vs. John Bell Hood
General William Hardee tried to flank the Union
Sherman sent in 20 artillery pieces
Union: 3,641
Confederate: 8,500
Political Ramifications” McClellan was running on a
Peace platform but after the capture of Atlanta and
Hood’s burning of many buildings after his retreat—
fired up the Northerners
March to the Sea
(May 1864)
Total Warfare
Scorched earth
“War is cruel. The crueler it is the sooner it will be over”-William T.
Destroyed 450 miles and cost 100 million in damage
Stole slaves and used them for manual labor
Stole pigs. Chickens, and turkeys
Burned acres of farms
“Sherman’s Neckties”: broke apart and twisted railways beyond
John Bell Hood and hood’s Texas Brigade: tried to distract in
Fought with one leg, and one usable arm, tied to his horse
Prison Camps
Andersonville: 45,000
Union prisoners; 13,000
Camp Douglas: 18,000
Confederate prisoners;
6,000 died
Deprived of blankets,
adequate food, surrounded
in filth
Ate dogs, rats
Appomattox (April 9th 1865)
In accordance with the substance of my letter to you of the 8th inst., I
propose to receive the surrender of the Army of N. Va. on the following
terms, to wit:
Rolls of all the officers and men to be made in duplicate.
The officers to give their individual paroles not to take up arms against
the Government of the United States until properly exchanged, and each
company or regimental commander sign a like parole for the men of
their commands.
The arms, artillery and public property to be parked and stacked, and
turned over to the officer appointed by me to receive them. This will not
embrace the side-arms of the officers, nor their private horses or
This done, each officer and man will be allowed to return to their
homes, not to be disturbed by United States authority so long as they
observe their paroles and the laws in force where they may reside.
Wilmer McLean
1st Battle of Bull Run
McLean House
“the war started in my
front yard and ended
in my front parlor”
Town called Appomattox Courthouse
McClean House: Surrender
April 12th
 Stacking of Arms
 4,000-5,000 of
1st Division of
the 5th U.S.
Army Corps