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HEALTH TODAY In the past being healthy simply meant not being sick. PAST: 1800’S TO EARLY 1900’S Infectious disease was leading cause of death EX: polio, tuberculosis, pneumonia, influenza (the flu) PRESENT: 1900’S TO PRESENT TIME: -Most health problems are associated with lifestyle diseases -Lifestyle disease is a disease associated with choices you make EX: some forms of diabetes, cancer and heart disease RISK FACTORS ANYTHING THAT INCREASES THE LIKLIHOOD OF INJURY, DISEASE, OR OTHER HEALTH PROBLEMS. • Some risk factors can be controlled by you and some can not. • Controllable risk factors – risk factors that you can do something about » Exercise » Quit smoking • Uncontrollable Risk Factors – can’t be changed. »Race »Gender »Heredity »Age LEADING CAUSE OF DEATH IN TEENS IN THE US *MOTOR VEHICLE ACCIDENTS *SUICIDE *HOMICIDE *OTHER ACCIDENTS RISK BEHAVIORS (6) • Sedentary Lifestyle • Alcohol and drug use – Not taking part in regular physical activity. Poor Eating Habits Your diet can increase or decrease your chances of developing diseases – – – – – Causes liver disease Cancer Heart disease Brain damage Major factor in motor vehicle accidents • Sexual Activity • Injury Causing Behaviors – Risk of HIV infection – not using seatbelts – STD’s – weapons – Unplanned pregnancy •Tobacco -Smoking is the single leading cause of PREVENTABLE death in the US. -Causes heart disease, cancer, respiratory disease 5 COMPONENTS OF HEALTH • Physical Health: the way your body functions – Eating right – Getting regular exercise – Being at recommended body weight – Avoiding drugs and alcohol – Being free of disease – Avoiding sickness Emotional Health • Expressing your emotions in a positive, non-destructive way. – Express emotions in a constructive way – Ask for help when sad Mental Health • The ability to recognize reality and cope with the demands of daily life • Can be strongly influenced by emotional health • Strong Mental health – High self esteem – Enjoys trying new things – Free of mental illness Spiritual Health • Maintaining harmonious relationships with other living things • Strong Spiritual Health = – Sense of purpose in life – Follows a set of morals and values – Feels unity with other human beings Environmental Health • Keeping your air and water clean, your food safe and the land around you enjoyable and safe. – Access to clean water and air – Clean and uncrowded living space – Recycles used paper, glass and aluminum SETTING HEALTHY GOALS • GOALS: – SHORT TERM – CAN BE ACHIEVED QUICKLY (DAYS/WEEKS) – LONG TERM – TAKES HARD WORK AND DETERMINATION (MONTHS/YEARS) • • • • • Safe? Can it harm you? Satisfying? Will you feel good about yourself? Sensible? Is it realistic? Can it be achieved? Similar? Does it contradict earlier goals? Specific? Are the steps to achieve the goal clear? • Supported? Would responsible adults support you on this goal? • ACTION PLAN •A SET OF DIRECTIONS THAT WILL HELP YOU REACH THE GOAL OR GOALS YOU HAVE SET FOR YOURSELF!