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Transcript
HEALTH TODAY
In the past being healthy simply
meant not being sick.
PAST: 1800’S TO EARLY 1900’S
Infectious disease was leading cause of death
EX: polio, tuberculosis, pneumonia,
influenza (the flu)
PRESENT: 1900’S TO PRESENT TIME:
-Most health problems are associated with lifestyle
diseases
-Lifestyle disease is a disease
associated with choices you make
EX: some forms of diabetes,
cancer and heart disease
RISK FACTORS
ANYTHING THAT INCREASES THE LIKLIHOOD
OF INJURY, DISEASE, OR OTHER HEALTH
PROBLEMS.
• Some risk factors can be controlled by you
and some can not.
• Controllable risk factors – risk factors that
you can do something about
» Exercise
» Quit smoking
• Uncontrollable Risk Factors – can’t be
changed.
»Race
»Gender
»Heredity
»Age
LEADING CAUSE OF DEATH IN TEENS
IN THE US
*MOTOR VEHICLE ACCIDENTS
*SUICIDE
*HOMICIDE
*OTHER ACCIDENTS
RISK BEHAVIORS (6)
• Sedentary Lifestyle • Alcohol and drug use
– Not taking part in
regular physical
activity.
Poor Eating Habits
Your diet can increase
or decrease your
chances of developing
diseases
–
–
–
–
–
Causes liver disease
Cancer
Heart disease
Brain damage
Major factor in motor
vehicle accidents
• Sexual Activity
• Injury Causing Behaviors
– Risk of HIV infection
– not using seatbelts
– STD’s
– weapons
– Unplanned pregnancy
•Tobacco
-Smoking is the single
leading cause of
PREVENTABLE death in
the US.
-Causes heart disease,
cancer, respiratory
disease
5 COMPONENTS OF HEALTH
• Physical Health: the way your body functions
– Eating right
– Getting regular exercise
– Being at recommended body weight
– Avoiding drugs and alcohol
– Being free of disease
– Avoiding sickness
Emotional Health
• Expressing your emotions in a positive,
non-destructive way.
– Express emotions in a constructive way
– Ask for help when sad
Mental Health
• The ability to recognize reality and cope
with the demands of daily life
• Can be strongly influenced by emotional
health
• Strong Mental health
– High self esteem
– Enjoys trying new things
– Free of mental illness
Spiritual Health
• Maintaining harmonious relationships with
other living things
• Strong Spiritual Health =
– Sense of purpose in life
– Follows a set of morals and values
– Feels unity with other human beings
Environmental Health
• Keeping your air and water clean, your
food safe and the land around you
enjoyable and safe.
– Access to clean water and air
– Clean and uncrowded living space
– Recycles used paper, glass and aluminum
SETTING HEALTHY GOALS
• GOALS:
– SHORT TERM – CAN BE ACHIEVED
QUICKLY (DAYS/WEEKS)
– LONG TERM – TAKES HARD WORK AND
DETERMINATION (MONTHS/YEARS)
•
•
•
•
•
Safe? Can it harm you?
Satisfying? Will you feel good about yourself?
Sensible? Is it realistic? Can it be achieved?
Similar? Does it contradict earlier goals?
Specific? Are the steps to achieve the goal
clear?
• Supported? Would responsible adults support
you on this goal?
• ACTION PLAN
•A SET OF DIRECTIONS THAT WILL
HELP YOU REACH THE GOAL OR
GOALS YOU HAVE SET FOR
YOURSELF!