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Health/Wellness
Five Dimensions of Health
•
Physical
•
Emotional-mental
•
Social
•
Intellectual
•
Spiritual
ILLNESS/WELLNESS
CONTINUUM
WELLNESS
(positive)
ILLNESS
(negative)
Dimensions of Wellness
Depressed
Unfit
Lonely
Ignorant
Unfulfilled
Negative
Emotional-mental
Physical
Social
Intellectual
Spiritual
Happy
Fit
Involved
Informed
Fulfilled
Total Outlook
Positive
RISK FACTORS
HEREDITARY
The traits passed down
from the biological
parents to the child
throughout the
generations.
Risk Factors
-Tendency towards
diabetes
-Muscular dystrophy
-Sickle cell anemia
-Huntington's disease
ENVIRONMENT
The physical and social -School K-12, college
conditions surrounding experience
a person and the
-Exposure to tobacco
influences they have on
smoke
the individual.
-Quality of water
-Traditions and culture
BEHAVIORAL
The conditions
resulting from a
person’s actions and
decisions.
-Drugs/alcohol/drug
use
-High fat diet
-Not wearing safety belt
-”Bottled up” feelings
LEADING CAUSES OF DEATH
Heart Disease
Cancer
Chronic Lower Respiratory Disease
Stroke
Accidents
Alzheimer’s Disease
Diabetes
Nephritis
Influenza and Pneumonia
Suicide
Leading Causes of Death 15-24
•
•
•
•
•
Accidents
Homicide
Suicide
Cancer
Heart Disease
Leading Causes of Death 55 &
Older
• Coronary Heart Disease: #1
• Cancer: # 2
• Stroke: #3
Why do the top 3 leading causes of death
change between these 2 age groups?
15-24 year olds
55 years and older
#1 ACCIDENTS
#1 HEART DISEASE
#2 HOMICIDES
#2 CANCER
#3 SUICIDES
#3 STROKE
Accidents/Injuries
• Leading cause of death among younger segments
of the population
• Motor vehicle fatalities are major risk
–
–
–
–
Drinking
Speeding
Inexperience
Carelessness
• Reducing risks of accidents
–
–
–
–
Don’t drink and drive
Wear seatbelts
Reduce driving speed
Wear bike helmets
Cardiovascular Disease
• Non-modifiable risk factors
– sex
– age
– heredity
• Modifiable risk factors
–
–
–
–
–
smoking
hypertension
cholesterol
physical inactivity
Overweight
While there are genetic
influences for these
factors, they are largely
in our control and related
to lifestyle.
Cancer
• A disease of the
DNA!
• 2nd leading cause of
death
• There are over 100
different types but 4
account for more
than half of the
illness and death
caused by cancer.
FOUR STEPS OF BEHAVIORAL CHANGE
#1 AWARENESSbecome aware of the need to change the negative risk behavior.
#2 KNOWLEGDEaccumulate information about the harmful behavior.
#3 DECISION-MAKING
decide to make the change from negative to positive.
#4 APPLY THE SKILL
put decision to change into action.
Principles of Prevention
• Adopt regular health habits
• Get regular check ups and health screens
• Consider anti-oxidant vitamins for
additional protection
• Seek medical attention if symptoms are
observed