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Ancient Hellas – Test
Please remember the questions on this test are mostly chronological to your timeline. Answers are shown below.
1. What does Hellas mean and what is the first era of Greek history called?
2. What is the name of the first “Greek” civilization?
3. What archaeologist gave this first Greek people their name?
4. What island and what city was the center of this civilization?
5. What was the name of their writing system?
6. What happened to weaken this first civilization in 1450 BC?
7. Who conquered this first civilization?
8. This second Greek civilization borrowed many things from the first. What is the name of their writing system?
9. Who translated the writing system of the second civilization?
10. What war did this second civilization win sometime between 1240-1230 BC?
11. Who is the archaeologist that discovered this 2nd civilization?
12. What is the second era of Greek history called?
13. Who conquered this second civilization?
14. What natural disaster weakened this 2nd civilization?
15. What invention was brought to Europe at this time?
16. What is the third era of Greek history called?
17. What writer started to write in a new alphabetic script to start this era?
18. What people gave this new type of alphabet to the Greeks?
19. What 2 city-states became dominant at this time of Greek history?
20. What 2 types of government did these city-states develop?
21. What is the name of the military styled education in one of these dominant city-states that started the education of boys at the age of seven?
22. What is the type of education in one of the dominant city-states that means “love of knowledge?”
23. Why did the Persians attack Greece?
24. What were the names of the 2 Persian kings who led these attacks?
25. What was the name of the wars fought between the Greeks and Persians?
26. Name 4 battles of this war.
27. Name one great Greek naval commander & one famous Spartan king of this war.
28. What great Athenian statesmen created the Golden Age of Greece?
29. Name 2 great mathematicians.
30. Aeschylus and Aristophanes were two great ________________.
31. Name 4 great philosophers. Please identify which of these men developed the scientific method and the two universities created by 2 of the philosophers.
32. ____________________ advanced the study of medicine and medical treatment.
33. Name a great inventor whose inventions are still being discovered.
34. Who was the “father of history?”
35. What war ended the Golden Age of Greece?
36. What 2 battles were disasters for the Athenians in the civil war in 413 & 405 BC?
37. What killed 1/3 of the Athenian population during this war?
38. What city state eventually conquered Sparta and weakened Greece which led to a Macedonian invasion around 338 BC?
39. What Macedonian King conquered the Greek city-states in 338 BC?
40. Who spread Greek culture defeating Persia? What did he do to spread Greek culture after defeating Persia?
41. What is the fourth era of Greek history called and what does it mean in English?
42. What happened to the Empire he created after his death?
43. Name 3 of the 5 generals who carved out their own empires.
44. What next civilization conquered the empires created by Alexander’s generals?
45. Can you name 3 of Alexander's victories over Darius III's Persian armies?
1 The land
2 Minoans
3 Evans
4 Crete, Knossos
5 Linear A
6 Volcanic eruption
7 Mycenae
8 Linear B
9 Ventris
10 Trojan War
11 Schliemann
12 Dark Age
13 Dorians
14 Drought
15 Iron
16 Classical
17 Homer
18 Phoenicians
19 Sparta, Athens
20 Oligarchy, democracy
21 Agoge
22 Philosophy (Gymnasium)
23 Burning of Sardis
24 Darius, Xerxes
25 Persian Wars
26 Marathon, Thermopoylae, Salamis, Platea
27 Themestocles, Leonidas
28 Pericles
29 Euclid, Pythagorus
30 Playwrights
31 Thales (Scientific method), Socrates, Plato (Academy), Aristotle (Lyceum)
32 Hippocrates
33 Archimides
34 Herodotus
35 Peloponnesian Wars
36 Aegospatami, Syracuse
37 Plague
38 Thebes, Corinth
39 Phillip II
40 Alexander the Great, built cities
41Hellenistic, Greek Like
42 Divided up between successors
43 Lysmachus, Ptolomy, Antigonus, Antipeter, Seluecus
45. Isus, Granicus, Gaugamela