* Your assessment is very important for improving the workof artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project
Topic: Spanish Exploration Main Idea: Spain desired to establish an empire in the Americas in the 1500s and 1600s. Explorers began to map out the region and tales of gold, gems, and minerals lured the Spanish into Texas. Essential Questions: How did the contributions of European explorers and settlers impact Texas? What happens when cultures come into contact with each other? Why did the Spanish conquistadors and friars explore Texas? Mercantilism Mercantilism is an economic idea that the world only contains a fixed amount of wealth. If you want to increase the amount of wealth you have…what do you have to do? The New World a. Christopher Columbus sailed the Atlantic Ocean blue in 1492; he was Italian, sailing for Spain. b. He sailed west to get to the east to find riches such as gold, silk, and spices in Asia. The New World c.All 4 of his trips gave Spain claim to land in the Western Hemisphere. d.Result? The Spanish established an empire consisting of most of South America, many Caribbean islands, Mexico, Central America, and part of the present-day United States. New Spain a. Conquistadores (Spanish soldiers), sought riches and power for themselves, and wealth and glory for Spain. Hundreds of Conquistadores were able to conquer thousands of natives. HOW? *Stand and make a prediction with your partner. b. New Spain i. Superior weapons: 1. Guns 2. Cannons 3. Metal Swords ii. The Spanish had horses. iii. Some natives believed the Spaniards were gods. iv. Disease: The natives had a weaker immune system. Measles, mumps, flu, or just a regular cold could make the natives very ill. Result? Thousands died and their empires rapidly declined and grew smaller. Famous Spanish Explorers a. Alonso Alvarez de Pineda – first European to explore and map the Texas coast in 1519 b. Hernan Cortez – conquered the wealthy Aztecs and their emperor Moctezuma from 1519-1522; renamed the Aztec capital Tenochtitlan to Mexico City Famous Spanish Explorers c. Alvar Nunez Cabeza de Vaca – survived shipwreck in Galveston in 1527 and became the first European to enter Texas; he lived with the Karankawas for 6 years from 1528-1534 d. Estevanico – survivor with de Vaca; first African to enter Texas; studied geography of Texas and later became a guide for Spanish explorers Famous Spanish Explorers e. Luis de Moscoso –led men into east Texas in 1542; explored the Brazos River but returned to Mexico after failing to find gold f. Juan de Onate- led men into Rio Grande Valley and Mexico; was exploring the “El Paso del Norte” and established many settlements in West Texas Exit Ticket: Graffiti Get out a blank sheet of notebook paper. On the center of it write “Spanish explorers”. All around those words, now draw/write what you learned today.