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Mental Health Awareness
By the end of the session students will be
able to….
• Describe the different categories of mental disorder
• Outlines a few strategies to promote mental health
• Discuss competing perspectives on the cause of mental
Small group exercise
1. Have a short discussion about how you
would define the term ‘mental illness’.
2. What you feel to be the causes of
psychological distress.
You may wish to think about a client you’ve
worked with or even a family member.
Make list of your findings.
How we perceive mental illness
Mental health (wellness)
Mental Ill health
Tudor (1996)
Stress management
Self concept & identity
Self Esteem
Self Development
Social support
Ten Elements of Mental Health
• Mental Health
• Environmental quality
• Self-Esteem
• Emotional processing
• Self-management
• Social Participation
• Mental Health
• Emotional deprivation
• Emotional abuse
• Emotional negligence
• Stress
• Social exclusion
Which mental illness is most
• Depression with
anxiety affects 9.2%
of the population
• 1 in 20 experience
severe depression
How common are mental health
• One in four people will experience mental
health problems in their lifetime
• In every year 300 people per 1000
experience a mental health problem.
Group exercise
• Write down five factors that help you cope
with the stress of life.
• How might you feel if you couldn’t rely on
these strategies?
Classification and diagnosis
Three types of functional mental illness
DSM iv / ICD 10
Personality Disorder
Psychotic Scale
• Otherwise referred to as severe and
enduring mental illness
• Psychosis
• Bi polar illness
• Severe depression
Neurotic scale
Generalized anxiety disorder
Obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD)
Post traumatic stress disorder
Specific phobia
Organic Mental Illness
• Alzheimer's
• Vascular Dementia
• Acquired Brain Injury
Violence and Mental Health
• In 1996 – 46% of all national press coverage
linked mental health to violence and criminality
• In fact only 8% of homicides are committed by
people with mental illness
• 100 times more likely to kill themselves than
another person.
• The link is constantly being made between
mental illness and dangerous or unpredictable
Stigma and mental health
• 2/3 of organisations setting up facilities
said they faced resistance from the
• Concerns were:
• 1. Fear for children’s safety
• 2. Fear of violence
• Concerns usually dissipate once services
are up and running
• Kelly & McKenna (1997) – surveyed one
hundred people with mental health
• 15 had stones thrown at windows
• 14 were verbally abused
• 5 had offensive graffiti ( ‘peodo’, pervert)
• 12 harassed outside home
Socio cultural differences
• South Asian – lower rates of psychiatric
morbidity, men identified feelings of
powerlessness, women isolation.
• Chinese – report a degree of stigma
attached to mental health services
• Vietnamese – research terms culturally
• Notable disparities between ethnic
minority groups and majority populations
in the rates of mental ill health, service
experience and service outcome.
• ‘provision for patients from minority ethnic
communities remains basic, insensitive
and piecemeal, leading to patients feeling
alienated and isolated’.
• ‘The art and science of mental health nursing’, Norman I
and Ryman I.