* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project
Download Exploration FIB Notes
Document related concepts
Exploration Voyages of Portugal o The Portuguese and Spanish were the first to make voyages into ________________________________________________________________. o __________________________ was responsible for Portuguese exploration. Wanted to find ___________________ Wanted to spread _________________ Wanted to find a way to become involved in the _______________________ of the Indies o His expeditions explored the _________________________________________ and the coast of _____________________. o Began to trade for __________________, ____________, and ______________. o In 1488 _________________________ sailed around the Cape of Good Hope at the southern tip of Africa. This led to the discovery of a route to the ______________________________ o The discovery of the route to the Indian Ocean encouraged other _____________________. o ______________________________ used this knowledge to sail across the Indian Ocean and land in India in 1498. o The voyages of Dias and da Gama established an overseas ___________________________ from Europe to India and the East Indies. Brought ________________________________ to Portugal. Travel by sea was much quicker and more ______________________ than traveling by land. Voyages of Spain o Spain also became interested in exploration due to their desire for new ____________________________________. o _______________________________________ believed that a shorter route to Asia could be found by sailing west instead of sailing around _________________. o Columbus’ voyage was financed by _______________________________ and _________________________________ of Spain. o In August of 1492, Columbus set sail with 3 ships. _______________, _________________, ______________________________ o In October of 1492, he landed on a small island that he named ___________________________. o Columbus thought that the island was off the coast of India, but he had actually discovered the ___________________________. o The major difference between Columbus and the Portuguese explorers was that the Portuguese sailed to lands they already knew about. Columbus discovered lands that were ________________________________________________. The Columbian Exchange o In the years after Columbus’ voyage a massive exchange of goods took place between the “_________________________” and Europe. o ____________________________, ___________________, _____________________, and even ___________________________ were transferred between the two halves of the world. o The Treaty of Tordesillas o The Spanish and Portuguese often claimed they had discovered the same _______________. o This led to ____________________ between the two groups. o Pope Alexander VI drew an imaginary line through the middle of the __________________________________. Spain gets all lands on the _____________________ side of the line. Portugal gets all lands on the ___________________ side of the line. o In 1494 the ___________________________________________ moved the line further west. o In 1500 _____________________________ set out for India, but his ship was blown off course. o He landed on the coast of _____________________. o Under the Treaty of Tordesillas, Cabral was able to claim the lands for ____________________ – lands that originally would have been the property of ______________________. o Portugal would eventually come to control most of __________________________________________________________. o Spain would control the _________________________. Other Explorers o Amerigo Vespucci Went on several expeditions with the _______________ and ___________________. Found new lands across the Atlantic that would later be named “___________________” after him. o Vasco Nunez de Balboa Sailed across the _______________________________ Confirmed that the New World was not part of ___________________ o Ferdinand Magellan Found and named the ________________________ Made the first voyage _________________________________ o Samuel de Champlain Sailed to ______________________________ for the French Founded the city of ______________________ o James Cook Sailed the ______________________ Explored ____________________, the ____________________ islands, and ___________________________________. o Zheng He ___________________ explorer Explored 30 nations including ________________, parts of ____________, and the _________________________ Was a Muslim and made the _____________________ to Mecca Was the _____________ Chinese explorer – after his voyages the emperor ended exploration because it was too _________________________.