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Study Guide for Greek Mythology Test
1. Know the following Gods and Goddesses and what their title was: Zeus, Poseidon,
Hades, Ares, Apollo, Hermes, Hephaestus, Dionysus, Hera, Athena, Aphrodite,
Demeter, Hestia, Artemis, Persephone, Eros. (Matching)
 Gods
o Zeus: King of all Gods; Poseidon: God of the Sea; Hades: God of the
Underworld; Ares: God of War; Apollo: God of Light and Sun; Hermes:
Messenger of the Gods; Hephaestus: God of Fire/Craftsman of the Gods;
Dionysus: God of Wine; Eros: God of love
 Goddesses
o Hera: Queen of the Gods; Athena: Goddess of Wisdom; Aphrodite:
Goddess of Love and Beauty; Demeter: Goddess of Agriculture, the Earth,
and Corn; Hestia: Goddess of Home and Family; Artemis: Goddess of
Hunting and Wilderness; Persephone: Queen of Underworld and
Goddess of Spring
2. Why was Mount Olympus important to the Greeks?
 That is where the gods lived.
3. Were the Greeks polytheistic or monotheistic? What does each mean?
 They were polytheistic because they believed in more than one god.
Monotheistic means believing in only one god.
4. What was the purpose of myths?
 To explain universal themes, explain natural occurrences/events, and to explain
cultural values.
5. What were Apollo, Poseidon, Ares and Demeter’s symbols? What did they rule?
 Apollo: the sun. He ruled light and the sun; Poseidon: waves, trident horse. He
ruled the Underworld; Ares: swrod, shield, helmet, vulture, torch. He ruled the
war. Demeter: wheat, cornucopia. Ruled the harvest and hearth
6. What does it mean to be immortal?
 The ability to live forever.
7. What happened to a person after they died in Greek Mythology?
 They were escorted to the Underworld by Hermes.
8. What are some qualities of the Gods and Goddesses?
 They are immortal and they have human traits.