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Chapter 2 World History Test Review
1.The Enlightenment thinker ______________ pioneered the idea of the separation of powers in government.
2.The Continental Congress chose General ________________ to lead American forces in the American Revolution.
3._____________________, is a light, delicate style of art that was used during the rule of Louis XV.
4.___________________________ wrote most of the Declaration of Independence.
5.Taxes imposed on the colonies by the government of ________________ helped bring about the American Revolution.
6.Economist ________________ argued for a free market in which businesses can operate with few government rules.
7.______________________ helped spread Enlightenment ideas by publishing a collection of articles by leading thinkers.
8.The grand formal style of art called _________________ was popular during the rule of Louis XV.
9.In an informal social gathering called a _____________________, Enlightenment thinkers could talk about their ideas.
10.The principle of popular _____________________ states that all government power comes from the people.
11.What type of government was established by the English Bill of Rights in 1689?
12.What changes to English law took place under King Henry II?
13.What did Frederick the Great mean when he said, “In my kingdom, everyone can go to heaven in their own
14.Enlightenment writers often faced censorship because they
15.Life, Liberty, and Property are...
16.What unique method did Joseph II use to find out about the problems of the peasants?
17.Enlightened Despot of Russia who abolished torture.
18.An enlightened despot was a ruler who…
19.Treaty that ended the Revolutionary War.
20. An advantage of the colonists in the American Revolution?
21.Enlightenment writers sometimes tried to avoid censorship by doing what?
22.Elegant compositions by Handel, Haydn, and Mozart reflected a new musical style of the Enlightenment
known as…
23.Leader of the Continental Army
24.The Constitution created a federal republic, which divided power between…
25.Because the American colonies were home to diverse religious and ethnic groups, there were less
____________ distinctions
26.Diderot’s Encyclopedia was important because it…
27.In the 1700s, British merchants gained enormous wealth by dominating what type of trade with Spanish
28.This man believed society was too restrictive. He said, “Man is born free and yet everywhere is in chains.”
29.In her book A Vindication of the Rights of Woman, Mary Wollstonecraft argued that women and men should
have equal…
30.What is interesting about Voltaire’s novel Candide?
31.The Battle of Saratoga was important to the American Revolution because…
32.Which document, signed by King John in 1215, helped to establish the democratic right of “due process of
33.The idea of separation of powers in the Constitution was borrowed from Enlightenment thinker…
34.During the Enlightenment, what argument did government and church officials use to justify their war of
35.According to Thomas Hobbes, the best form of government is an…
36.Which of the following British laws imposed taxes on such items as newspapers and pamphlets in the
American colonies?
37.How did the Hundred Years’ War change England politically?
38.Economist Adam Smith argued that, in a free market, business activity would be regulated by the forces of
39.The system of checks and balances in the United States Constitution was influenced by the ideas of which
Enlightenment thinker?
Enlightenment thinkers were influenced by the idea of natural law that emerged from the
American leaders gathered in Philadelphia in 1787 to revise the…
42. What Enlightenment thinker argued that the purpose of government is to safeguard the natural rights of the