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West Virginia: The Road to Statehood
1. In 1861 what irreconcilable differences existed that drove the United States to
Civil War?
Slavery, states rights, southern interest
2. What U.S. Congressman from Cabell County resigned and led raids against
citizens disloyal to Virginia?
Albert Gallatin Jenkins
3. About how many Confederates came of West Virginia?
About 20,000
4. Many slaves worked on large plantations in what part of West Virginia?
Eastern Panhandle
5. Significant numbers of slaves were leased to do what kind of work in the
Kanawha Valley?
Mined coal, supported the salt works
6. In the election of 1860 who was the Republican Party’s candidate?
Abraham Lincoln
7. What as the Republican Party’s stance on “any more slave states brought into
the Union”?
“We are not going to have any more slave states brought into the Union”
8. How did Virginia vote on Bell and Breckenridge?
They split their votes evenly (22,000)
9. How many votes did Stephen Douglas claim?
10. What area of Virginia supported Lincoln?
Northern Panhandle
11. What was South Carolina’s response to the election of Lincoln?
Became the first of 11 southern states to secede from the Union and form the
Confederate States of America
12. What was Lincoln’s response to the attack on Fort Sumter in Charleston, SC.?
Called for 75,000 Union troops including men from Virginia to quell the rebellion
13. On April 17, 1861 what was passed in Richmond?
An Ordinance of Secession
14. What was Colonel Thomas J. Jackson ordered to do by Virginia Governor John
To take command at Harper’s Ferry and organize the Stonewall Brigade
15. The meeting in Wheeling’s Washington Hall became known as what?
The First Wheeling Convention
16. John Carlile called for the creation of a new state to be called what?
New Virginia
17. What created a geographic barrier between eastern and western Virginia?
The Allegheny Mountains
18. What other issues had driven a wedge between east and west?
Taxation, representation, education, transportation, other internal improvements
19. What ruined the reconciliation that had taken place between the east and west?
The Civil War
20. What Fairmont attorney considered the call for a new state premature?
Francis Pierpont
21. What did the Convention agree to do if the Ordinance of Secession passed?
They will gather back in Wheeling
22. Who crossed the Ohio to ready the troops if Virginia should vote to succeed?
Union General George McClellan
23. Ben Kelly defeated a Confederate force at Philippi; this battle became known as
“the Philippi Races”
24. Where in western Virginia was most of the Union loyalist located?
Northwest part, Northern Panhandle
25. Where was the Second Wheeling Convention moved to?
The more spacious Custom House
26. Who presided over the meeting?
Arthur Boreman
27. According to the U.S. Constitution, in order for a new state to be created from an
existing state, what was required?
The existing state has to give its permission
28. How did western Virginia get around this requirement?
By reorganizing the government of the Commonwealth into the Restored
Government of Virginia
29. Who was elected to serve as governor of the Reorganized Government?
Francis Pierpont
30. What did Lincoln promise against raiders like Albert Jenkins?
“full protection”
31. At the second Wheeling Convention on August 6, 1861, what famous quote did
John Carlile declare?
“”Cut the knot now. Apply the knife”
32. What was the new state to be called?
33. Why were the counties of the eastern panhandle included in the new state?
To protect the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad during the Civil War
34. After several days of debate, what name was settled on?
West Virginia
35. How did the convention deal with the slavery issue?
A clause that says that no more African Americans, whether free or slave will be
permitted into West Virginia
36. What amendment assured gradual emancipation of slavery in West Virginia?
The Willey Amendment
37. Why was Lincoln not pleased to have the statehood bill on his desk?
He feared conflicts over the constitutionality of a West Virginia
38. How did Jacob Blair get into the White House to meet with President Lincoln?
He goes in through a window
39. On what date was the statehood bill signed?
On April 20th
40. On what date did West Virginia become the 35th state?
On June 20th (60 days later)
41. Even though Imboden had many successful raids, what did he fail to do?
To stop the progress to West Virginia statehood
42. Who was elected the first governor of West Virginia?
Arthur Boreman
43. When West Virginia became a new state, was it a slave state or a free state?
Slave state, the Willey Amendment provided for a gradual emancipation
44. In what battle did the federal soldiers decisively defeat the Confederates in
Pocahontas County?
Droop Mountain
45. After West Virginia became a new state, where was the restored government
46. When the war ended, what position did Pierpont serve in Richmond?
Provisional Governor of Virginia
47. When Julia Pierpont began maintaining graves of Union soldiers in Richmond, it
was the beginning of what holiday?
Memorial Day
48. Who is considered “The Father of West Virginia”?
Francis Pierpont
49. What right did Confederates lose?
The right to vote
50. In 1871 a new constitution gave voting rights to what two groups?
African Americans and ex-rebels