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15 – 16 years old
15-17 students
40 min.
Social Sciences
‘’ The form of Regime in Turkey
‘’Turkey is ruled by Islamic Shariah laws’’
 to gain a general knowledge about the Islam and Shariah
 to understand the secularism in Middle -East
 to identify and perceive the rituals of Islam religion
 to create a new approach to the people in Middle East
Internet, Whiteboard, Handouts
1 step. Greeting and motivating – 5 minutes
Teacher asks the students that , how many regimes do they know?
Students answer: Republicanism, Communism, Socialism, Shariah,
Teacher asks the regimes in Europe countries and Middle-East countries
Teacher asks the regime in Turkey.
Teacher asks the students that, ıf they know any other country, which is ruled by Shariah Laws
2 step. Introducing the subject of the lesson – 15 minutes
Teacher shows a photo and ask the students to guess , where could have this photo taken?
Teacher asks the traditional and religious clothes that women have to wear in Islamic countries.
Teacher asks that ıf they know any other ritual or obligation in an Islamic country
Teacher shows another photo and make students try to guess the country
The students look at the photo carefully and see some hijab women in the photo.Teacher indicates that the women in Turkey do wear
hijab but not all of them and they live in a peacefull, and respectfull environment.
3.Step : Analysing the differences between a Shariah and Democratic country. (20 minutes)
Teacher distributes the hand out to the classroom.
Sharia, Islamic sharia or Islamic law (Arabic: ‫( شريعة‬IPA: [ʃaˈriːʕa]) for law) is the religious legal system governing the members of the Islamic
faith.[1] It is derived from the religious precepts of Islam, particularly the Quran and the Hadith. The term sharia comes from the Arabic
language term sharīʿah, which means a body of moral and religious law derived from religious prophecy, as opposed to human legislation.[2][3][4]
Sharia deals with many topics, including crime, politics, marriage contracts, trade regulations, religious prescriptions, and economics, as well as
personal matters such as sexual intercourse, hygiene, diet, prayer, everyday etiquette and fasting. Adherence to sharia has served as one of the
distinguishing characteristics of the Muslim faith historically.[5] In its strictest definition, sharia is considered in Islam as the infallible law
of God.
Sharia is a significant source of legislation in many Muslim countries where some countries apply a majority or some of the sharia
code, and these include Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Iran, Iraq, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Brunei, United Arab Emirates, Qatar, Yemen andMauritania. In
these countries, sharia-prescribed punishments such as beheading, flogging and stoning continue to be practiced judicially or extrajudicially. There has been controversy over what some perceive as a movement by various Islamist groups to introduce and implement sharia
throughout the world, including in Western countries, but attempts to impose sharia have been accompanied by controversy, violence, and even
warfare. Most countries do not recognize sharia; however, some countries in Asia , Africa and Europe recognize parts of sharia and accept it as
the law on divorce, inheritance and other personal affairs of their Islamic population. In Britain, the Muslim Arbitration Tribunalmakes use of
sharia family law to settle disputes, and this limited adoption of sharia is controversial.
Republicanism is an ideology of being a citizen in a state as a republic (rather than as a monarchy or dictatorship) under which the people
hold popular sovereignty. Many countries are "republics" in the sense of no monarchy. However this article covers only those that adhere to or debate
the ideology of republicanism.
Republicanism emerged in the Roman Republic, where the founders of the Republic—Lucius Junius Brutus and Collatinus—denounced the
former Roman Kingdom, and had the Roman people declare a solemn oath to never allow monarchy to return.[1]
The ideology practically vanished in ancient Rome. It revived in Renaissance Florence, and then in early modern Britain. It became a powerful force in
Britain's North American colonies where it led to the American Revolution. In Europe it gained enormous influence through the French Revolution.
After 1800, it spread widely in Europe and European colonies. Republicanism in the United Stateshas been a powerful force in the country since 1776.
An important influence of Republicanism in Turkey formed a new republic in 1923 after the fall of the Ottoman Empire. In the Ottoman Empire an
inherited aristocracy and sultinate suppressed republican ideas until the successful republican revolution ofMustafa Kemal Atatürk in the 1920s.
Atatürk preached six basic principles. His Six Arrows were Republicanism, Populism,Secularism, Reformism, Nationalism, and Statism).
In the 21st century Turkey has sought admission to the European Union on the grounds that it shares common political values with the nations of
Europe. This concept shares some of the same classical roots as European republicanism and in modern times this form of government is called
"republican" in English, but in pre-modern times it is not generally called republicanism.
Teacher shows some images from the Smartboard and make students try to guess the regime.