Download Document

yes no Was this document useful for you?
   Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Document related concepts

Extraterrestrial life wikipedia, lookup

Lunar theory wikipedia, lookup

CoRoT wikipedia, lookup

Ursa Minor wikipedia, lookup

Tropical year wikipedia, lookup

Modified Newtonian dynamics wikipedia, lookup

Corvus (constellation) wikipedia, lookup

Hipparcos wikipedia, lookup

Malmquist bias wikipedia, lookup

Copernican heliocentrism wikipedia, lookup

Aquarius (constellation) wikipedia, lookup

Astronomical unit wikipedia, lookup

Astronomical spectroscopy wikipedia, lookup

Stellar kinematics wikipedia, lookup

Cosmic distance ladder wikipedia, lookup

Geocentric model wikipedia, lookup

Constellation wikipedia, lookup

Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems wikipedia, lookup

Patronage in astronomy wikipedia, lookup

Chinese astronomy wikipedia, lookup

Archaeoastronomy wikipedia, lookup

Astronomy in the medieval Islamic world wikipedia, lookup

Newton's laws of motion wikipedia, lookup

International Year of Astronomy wikipedia, lookup

Timeline of astronomy wikipedia, lookup

Theoretical astronomy wikipedia, lookup

Hebrew astronomy wikipedia, lookup

History of astronomy wikipedia, lookup

Observational astronomy wikipedia, lookup

Ancient Greek astronomy wikipedia, lookup

Mr. Billante
Astronomy: Study Guide – Final Exam
Chapter 1: Introduction to Astronomy
a. What is Astronomy?
b. Where are we in the Universe?
c. Difficulties Studying Astronomy
d. Scientific Method
e. Theories
f. S. I. System
g. Metric Prefixes
h. Conversion Factors
i. Scientific Notation
j. Astronomical Units (AU)
k. When is Now?
l. History of the Universe
m. Why Study Astronomy
Chapter 2: Origins of Astronomy
a. Archaeoastronomy
b. Greek Astronomy
i. Plato
ii. Eudoxus
iii. Aristotle
iv. Eratosthenes
v. Ptolemy
c. Uniform Circular Motion
i. Centripetal Acceleration
ii. Circular Speed
d. Copernicus
e. Tycho Brahe
f. Kepler’s 3 Laws of Planetary Motion
i. Kepler’s 3rd law equation
g. Galileo
i. Discoveries
ii. Dialogo and Trial
h. Modern Astronomy
Chapter 3: Newton and Forces
a. Isaac Newton and his discoveries
b. Newton and Galileo
c. Newton’s Laws of Motion
i. First Law (Law of Inertia)
ii. Second Law (F = ma)
iii. Third Law (Action-Reaction Pairs)
d. Weight
e. Fundamental Forces in Nature
f. Universal Gravitation
i. Equation
ii. Inverse Square Law
g. Acceleration due to Gravity on a Planet (g)
i. Acceleration due to gravity away from the surface(g/)
h. Orbital Velocity
i. Escape Velocity
j. Satellites
i. Equations (3)
k. Newton’s Version of Kepler’s 3rd Law
l. Microgravity
m. Einstein’s Theory of Gravity
i. Special Relativity
ii. General Relativity
Chapter 4: The Night Sky
a. Movement of the Night Sky
b. Stars
i. Naming them
ii. Favorite Stars
c. Brightness of Stars
d. Magnitude Scale
e. Apparent Visual Magnitude
f. Flux and Intensity
g. Magnitude and Intensity of star light
i. Equations (2)
h. The Celestial Sphere
i. Angular Distance
i. Arc Minutes
ii. Arc Seconds
j. Precession of the Earth
k. Cycles of the Sun
l. The Seasons
i. Equinoxes
ii. Solstices
m. Motion of the Planets
n. Influences on the Earth’s climate
i. Milankovitch Hypothesis
Chapter 5: The Sun and Stars
a. Atoms and Star Light
b. The Current Model of the Atom
c. The Solar Atmosphere
d. Energy from the Sun
e. Matter to Energy
i. E = mc2
f. Nuclear Fusion in the Sun
g. Sun Spots and Electromagnetic Waves
h. Measuring the Distance to Stars
i. Triangulation
ii. Distance Formula: d = 1/p
iii. Parsecs (pc)
i. Brightness and Distance of Stars
i. Absolute Magnitide
ii. Formulas (2)
1. mv – Mv = -5 + 5log(d)
2. d = 10(mv –Mv +5)/5
j. Life Cycle of Stars
k. H-R Diagram
l. Giants, Super Giants and Dwarfs