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Name: ________________________________________________ Date: _______________________ Period: _________
President Lincoln’s Plan
 ___________% Plan

Proclamation of Amnesty and Reconstruction (December 8, 1863)

As soon as 10% of a state’s ________________ took a _________________ oath to the Union, the state
could set up a new government.

If the state’s _________________________ abolished slavery and provided _______________________
for African-Americans, the state would regain representation in _____________________.

Members of the _______________________ party ____________________ the plan.

The radical-Republicans in Congress insisted that the Confederates had committed crimes and should be
punished.

They advocated full _____________________, including the right to vote and taking former Confederate
land and giving it to freed slaves. (_________________________ idea)

Lincoln’s plan did not go through without support from Congress. ______________________-veto.
_______________-_____________________ Bill (1864)
 Congress rejected Lincoln’s plan believing it was too ____________________.
 This bill required that a _____________________ of a state’s prewar voters swear loyalty to the Union.
 Demanded the guarantee of African-American ____________________.
Freedmen’s Bureau (1865)
 Created a few weeks before Lincoln’s death.
 Goal was to provide ________________, _________________________, ______________________________,
and ___________________________ for both black and white _______________________ in the South.
 It helped ______________________ families and negotiated __________________ labor contracts between former
slaves and white land owners.
President Andrew Johnson
 Was Lincoln’s _______________-President
 He offered _________________________ for Confederates who swore loyalty.
 His deal breaker was that all states coming back into the Union would have to ___________________ the 13th
Amendment.
 Wanted major Confederate ____________________ to write him personally to ________________ for a pardon.
 Anti-aristocrat- resented wealthy plantation owners.
 Did not want African-Americans to be able to vote.
 Wanted ______________________ to determine the freedoms of former slaves.
 By December, 1865, most states had met the requirements of readmission.
Growing Northern Alarm!
 Laws that sought to limit the rights of African Americans and keep them as landless workers.
 The codes required African Americans to work in only a ________________ number of occupations, most often
as servants or farm laborers.
 Some states prohibited them from ____________________ land and some stipulated that any black person who did
not have job could be arrested and sent to work as prison labor.
 A lot of Southerners used __________________ and _________________________ to enforce the ______________
_____________.
Congress Breaks with the President
 Congress sought to overturn the black codes by passing the __________________ ___________________ Act of
________________.

Suspended any _______________ laws that limited African American rights.

Johnson __________________ the law.
 How would anything get better if Johnson did not support Congress?
Robson
Reconstruction Guided Notes
PP # 6
Name: ________________________________________________ Date: _______________________ Period: _________
14th Amendment
 _______________ in July, 1868.
 Defined ________________________ and guaranteed equal rights under the law.

Protected freedmen’s rights from presidential vetoes.

Any state that refused to allow black people to vote would risk losing the number of seats in the
__________________ of ______________.
Radical Plan for Readmission
 Civil authorities in the territories were subject to __________________ supervision.
 Required ____________ __________________ constitutions, including black ____________________ and
ratification of the 13th and 14th Amendments.
 In March, 1867, Congress passed an act that authorized the military to enroll eligible black voters and begin the
process of constitution making.
Reconstruction Acts of 1867
 Military Reconstruction Act

Restart Reconstruction in the ________ Southern states that _______________ to ratify the ________ Amendment.

Divide the 10 “unreconstructed states” into ______ military ____________.
Reconstruction Acts of 1867
 Command of the Army Act

The President must issue all Reconstruction orders through the commander of the military.
 ___________________ of ___________________ Act

The President needed __________________ __________________ to remove certain officials from office.
President Johnson’s Impeachment
 Johnson removed Stanton in February, 1868.
 Johnson ________________ generals in the field who were more ___________________ to Radical Reconstruction.
 The ______________ ______________________ him for trying to fire Stanton on February 24 before even drawing
up the charges by a vote of 126 – 47!
1868 Presidential Election- _______________ wins!
15th Amendment
 The right of citizens of the United States to ___________ shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by
any state on account of ____________, _______________, or previous condition of _____________________.
 ___________________ rights groups were furious that they were not granted the vote!
Blacks in Southern Politics
 Core voters were black __________________.
 Blacks were politically unprepared.
 Blacks could register and vote in states since 1867.
Ku Klux Klan
 Formed in ____________________________ in 1866.
 They roamed the countryside, especially at night, burning _______________, ________________, and
___________________, and beating, maiming, or killing African Americans.

Dressed in white robes and hoods, mounted on horses.

Designed to ________________ people away from ____________________.
Was it a _____________________ or a ______________________?
 Grant’s __________________ and administration was unknowingly ____________________.

He gave government jobs to untrustworthy friends who used their positions to make _________________.
_________________ system?

13th, 14th, and 15th Amendments = ____________________ towards ___________________.

Southern ______________________= ____________________
Robson
Reconstruction Guided Notes
PP # 6