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Congressional Reconstruction
Chapter 12 Section 2
Black Codes
Restricting the ________ of the _____
population
– “virtual _______”
• Curfew
• ________ laws
• ______ restrictions
th
14
Amendment
• 1866: _____ ______ Act
– Would outlaw ______ ______
• ________ vetoed, but had limited
_________ on Congress
• Congress ________ Johnson’s veto, and
went further—creating the ___ _________
14th Amendment: building equal rights
into the constitution
“All persons born or naturalized in the United
States…are citizens of the United States
and of the State where in they reside. No
State shall make or enforce any law which
shall abridge the privileges or immunities of
citizens of the United States; nor shall any
State deprive any person of life, liberty or
property, without due process of law; nor
deny to any person within its jurisdiction the
equal protection of the laws…”
Radical Reconstruction
• Both ________ and _______
republicans opposed ____________
Reconstruction policies and Black
Codes
– Radicals wanted black _____ ______
• Personal __________ guaranteed by law
• Proposed a _____ plan for ___________
“Reform, not Revenge”
• Radicals in Congress passed the
__________ _____ of 1867 (see pg. 432)
• 1) South under ______ _____; 5 districts, each
ruled by a Northern General
• 2) Ordered southern states to elect new delegates
to create new state __________
• 3) Required states to allow all qualified _____
voters (including blacks) to participate in elections
• 4) Temporarily barred southerners who had
supported the ____________ from voting
• 5) Required equal rights for all ___________
• 6) Required ___________ of the 14th Amendment
Power Struggle
• Johnson and ________ were
constantly __________ each other
– February 24, 1868: the House voted to
_________ Johnson
• Charge him with _______ ______
• 1st President to be impeached
– Saved by ___ vote
• (2/3 were needed to remove him)
1868 Election
• Johnson was rejected by the
__________ and went back to TN
– Where he regained his ________ seat
as a _________
• 1868: _______ ______ (R) beats
Horatio Seymour (D)
• Congress and the President were now
_______
The
th
15
Amendment
• Stated that no _______ may be
denied the right to ______….
– …. “by the United States or by any
State on account of race, color, or
previous condition or servitude”
– Last piece of Reconstruction ________
• 1870: southern black men voted for the first
time
– ______African Americas were elected to
Southern legislatures
The Republican South
• Southern Republicans included: _______,
__________, and _____________
– Carpetbaggers: __________ who moved
south to see economic gains
– Scalawags: a white, southern __________—
seen as a _______ to the South
• Struggle over possible ________ in
Southern Gov’t
– Mixture of honest and corrupt men
Key Ideas:
• How were black codes and the 14th
Amendment related?
• How did Congress’s Reconstruction
plan differ from Johnson’s plan?
• What was the significance of the 15th
Amendment?
• Who supported the Republican
government of the South?