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The West and the World, 1815-1914-Chapter 24 & World War One with Russian
Revolution-Chapter 25
Exam Date: Thursday, April 7, 2016
1. Explain how the Industrial Revolution resulted in the rise of global inequality.
2. Explain two different schools of thought as to how the West created its great wealth.
3. Identify and explain the factors that resulted in the growth of the world economy. Consider the roles of (1)
Britain and its colonial empire and (2) the conquest of distance through developments in transportation via land
and sea.
4. Explain why and how the West forced the economic opening of China and Japan.
5. Explain how and why Egypt went from being a strong, modern state to being a British colony.
6. Describe statistical patterns in migration from Europe.
7. Identify characteristics of the typical European migrant and explain European migrants’ reasons for leaving.
8. Identify characteristics of the typical Asian migrant and explain Asian migrants’ reasons for leaving.
9. Explain how the European nations carved up Africa. Which European countries participated? Which 2
countries gained the most territory? Which 2 African countries remained independent, and why? What conflicts
did the imperialist nations enter with the peoples in Africa and with one another? How did the European
nations govern their colonies?
10. Explain how the western nations extended their political control in Asia. Which European countries
participated? Which parts of Asia did they take, and how did acquire those territories?
11. Explain western motives for the new imperialism. Consider economic motives, political and diplomatic motives,
ideological motives (both racist Social Darwinism and the more humanitarian civilizing mission/white man’s
burden), religious motives, exploratory motives, social/political pressures within the western countries, and the
role of special-interest groups.
12. Explain how western nations were able to conquer nonwestern countries.
13. Identify the major critics of imperialism and explain their critiques.
14. Describe the African and Asian responses to western imperialism. Distinguish between the “traditionalist” and
“modernizer” responses. Compare/contrast the responses to imperialism in India, Japan, and China.
15. What are the arguments for and against imperialism?? (primary document analysis on this)
Terms and People
1st/2nd/3rd World
Opium Wars (1839-42, 1856-60)
Treaty of Nanking (1842)
Commodore Matthew Perry
gunboat diplomacy
great migration
new imperialism
Scramble for Africa
Cecil Rhodes
Leopold II of Belgium (r. 1865-1909)
Berlin Conference (1884-1885)
General Horatio H. Kitchener
Omdurman (1898)
Fashoda (1898)
Social Darwinism
Rudyard Kipling / The White Man’s Burden (1899)
J.A. Hobson / Imperialism (1902)
Lenin (Marxist critique of imperialism)
Great (Sepoy) Rebellion (1857-1858)
Meiji Restoration
Sino-Japanese War of 1894-1895
sphere of influence
hundred days of reform
Boxer Rebellion (1900-1903)
World War I and Russian Revolution
Chapter 25
1. Explain and debate the causes of WWI.
2. Identify the countries involved in WWI and the sides for which they fought. Locate these countries and alliances on a map.
Explain Italy’s switching of sides. Explain when and why the US entered the war. Explain when and why Russia withdrew.
3. Describe the course of WWI on the battle front. Describe the methods of warfare. Explain how the methods of warfare
represented something new in military history. Identify the major battles and explain their importance.
4. Define “total war” and describe the impact of WWI on the home front.
5. Describe the horrific costs and consequences of WWI.
6. Trace the chronology of events in Russia in 1917. Note that there were 2 revolutions, one in March (overthrow the tsar)
and one in November (overthrow the provisional government and establish communism).
7. Explain the causes of the Russian Revolution. This includes explaining the specific causes of first the March revolution and
then the Bolshevik revolution.
8. Describe Lenin’s leadership and explain Lenin’s ideology; that is, what ideas were central for Lenin.
9. Explain the causes and consequences of Russia’s civil war (1918-1920). Explain why the Bolsheviks won.
10. Explain the consequences of the Russian Revolution.
11. Explain the factors that brought WWI to an end in 1918. Include in this explanation a description of the political
revolution that took place in Germany in 1918 – explain why this revolution took place and the impact that it had.
12. Describe the process the Big Four went through to produce the Treaty of Versailles. Explain the conflict among the Big
Four over how to treat Germany – contrast Woodrow Wilson’s idealism with Britain and especially France’s desire to
punish Germany. Identify the four components of the Treaty of Versailles. Explain why the US rejected the treaty.
13. Explain how the WWI peace settlements with the other defeated powers shattered empires and changed the world map.
Terms and People
MAIN causes: militarism, alliances,
imperialism, nationalism
Triple Alliance
Triple Entente
Central Powers
Allied Powers
Bosnia & Herzegovina
Archduke Francis Ferdinand
Black Hand
Gavrilo Princip
Schlieffen Plan
Battle of the Marne
western front
trench warfare
no man’s land
Somme & Verdun (1916)
eastern front
unrestricted submarine warfare
total war
War Raw Materials Board
Hindenburg & Ludendorff
Auxiliary Service Law
Tsar Nicholas II (r. 1894-1917)
March Revolution (March 1917)
Alexander Kerensky
provisional government
Petrograd Soviet
Army Order No. 1
Bolshevik Revolution (Nov. 1917)
V.I. Lenin
Slogan: “Bread, Land, & Peace”
Leon Trotsky
Treaty of Brest-Litovsk (Mar. 1918)
Russian civil war – Whites vs. Reds (1918-20)
war communism
second Battle of the Marne (July 1918)
armistice (11/11/1918 @ 11 a.m.)
German Revolution (Nov. 1918)
German Social Democrats
Spartacist Uprising
Karl Liebknicht & Rosa Luxemburg
Paris Peace Conference (January 1919)
Big Three
Woodrow Wilson
David Lloyd George
Georges Clemenceau
Fourteen Points
League of Nations
Treaty of Versailles (June 28, 1919)
League of Nations mandates
war guilt clause
Henry Cabot Lodge
EQ: What is the
difference between
imperialism, new
imperialism and
colonialism? & Explain
how European
imperialism changed the
maps of Africa and Asia.
Introduction to theme 1:
Interaction of Europe
and the World: Explain
the meaning of theme 1
and answer overarching
questions based on
weekend’s reading(on the
19th c. world economy
and global migration)
Lecture: Introduction to
the New Imperialism.
Describe early 19th c.
imperialist efforts.
PPT: New Imperialism &
West and the World
Due: New Imperialism
EQ: Explain how
European imperialism
changed the maps of
Africa and Asia.
Colonial Geography
online assignment (bring
HW: (1) Read pages 803813
(2) Watch Crash Course
#35: Imperialism (3)
Complete colonial
geography online
assignment if need be.
Turn in tomorrow.
EQ: What were the
motives for imperialism
and what were the proimperialism arguments?
Lecture: New
Imperialism Continued
White Man’s Burden whole
class reading
Document Analysis:
Pears’ Soap Ad, Frank
Rippingille’s Patent
Cooking Stove Ad
HW: read pages 813-819
(including source 24.5)
(2) Watch Crash Course
#213: Asian Response to
(3) Complete proimperialism document
analysis if needed and
turn in tomorrow.
EQ: What were the
arguments against
imperialism? Explain
Document Analysis:
Hobson, Marx, Lenin,
Morel, Anti-Imperialist
HW: read pages 813-819
(including source 24.5)
(2) Watch Crash Course
#213: Asian Response to
(3) Complete antiimperialism document
analysis if needed and
turn in tomorrow.
Due: Imperialism
persuasive speech.
EQ: Explain and debate
the causes of WWI. Was
Germany alone to blame
for WWI?
Structured Academic
Controversy: Was
Germany alone to blame
for WWI? Prepare
arguments for brief
Socratic Seminar.
HW: (1) Watch Crash
Course #210: Who
Started WWI? (2) Read
Ch. 25 pages 822-830
(Road to War)
EQ: What were the
MAIN causes of WWI?
Read as a whole class the
Powder Keg/Fuse
& MAIN causes of WWI
WWI Causes Thesis &
Outline: “The
responsibility for WWI
rests on Germany alone.”
Assess the validity of this
Hint: If you agree with
the statement, be sure to
provide ample evidence
to support your
argument. If you
disagree with the
statement, your argument
should include a
statement (and rationale)
EQ: How did the First
World War differ from
previous wars?
Poetry in the Trenches &
Other Poetry (pg. 833) &
Life and Death on the
Western Front (pg. 834)
HW: (1)Tweets from the
trenches. Write a series
of tweets as if you were a
WWI soldier. Mrs.
Ramirez will provide
handout with details. (2)
Non-European Country
roles in WWI
SPRING CARNIVALBuy some Jamba Juice
and support NHS. Take
a pic holding your Jamba
Juice with Mrs. Ramirez
EQ: What were the
variety of responses that
the colonized peoples
advocated toward the
European colonizers in
the late 19th century and
early 20th century?
DBQ Practice: Colonized
people’s response to
colonialism document
analysis. (DBQ 14) &
Write an introductory
paragraph with thesis,
outline w/paragraph
topics, documents that
go in each and HIPP. Be
Prepared to share on
Monday. (DBQ 14)
HW: (1)Persuasive
Speech: Pro and antiimperialism. Type a
persuasive speech in
support or against
imperialism. Directions
will be posted on
website. Due Monday
(2) Read Ch. 25 pages
822-830 (Road to War)
including source 25.1
HW: (1) Read pages 803813
(2) Watch Crash Course
#35: Imperialism (3)
New Imperialism
Geography Assignment
(complete all questions)
due tomorrow.
Due: Chapter 24
Reading Log and
Chapter 24 Quiz.
EQ: What role did
wartime propaganda play
in encouraging people to
get involved in the war
Propaganda Poster
your, color, propaganda
poster and submit the
day we return from
HW: Read pages 842-849
(Russian Revolution)
including source 25.4 &
Review PPT on Russian
Revolution posted on the
Website (review key
Your Spring Break
Spring break assignment:
Exam Review Jigsaw
Group One: Britain &
Group Two: France &
Group Three: Germany
& Austria
Group Four: Russia,
Other E/SE European
Group Five: wars &
treaties and population
Group Six: writers, key
texts, and literary
movements; art & artists
Group 7: Women &
for who or what you
blame instead.
and earn 5 Bonus Points.
Group 8: economic
systems and
development of
Write a thesis statement
(1-2 sentences)
Outline the essay: full
claim statements (1
complete sentence each)
+ bullet-pointed data.
Data should be drawn
from documents (cite
them when you use them
– must use at least 3) +
the textbook or other
EQ: What was Lenin’s
role in orchestrating the
Russian Revolution and
what were the causes and
course of the Russian
French Revolution &
Russian Revolution LEQ
Compare and contrast
the French Revolution
and the Russian
Revolution (make new
connections across time).
Work alone OR with a
partner (if with a partner,
submit only 1
assignment, and you will
receive the same
grade)Thesis statement
and claims (2 or 3) in
complete sentences
Data/warrants expressed
in brief phrases (not
sentences) and bulletpointed under the
appropriate claim. I
should be able to make
sense of the information
and read it quickly. Do
think about the order in
which you present the
data in each paragraph.
a synthesis of 3-4
sentences, Typed,
HW: Read pages 830-842
(Waging Total War &
Home Front) including
source 25.3. (2) Watch
Crash Course #36:
Archdukes, Cynicism and
EQ: In what ways was
the Allied peace
settlement flawed?
Lecture: End of WWI &
Peace Settlements
Due: Chapter 25
Reading Log &
Chapter 25 Quiz
Due: French
Revolution & Russian
Revolution LEQ
Debate: Was the Treaty
of Versailles a Just
Documents to be
distributed in class.
Exam review. Be There!!
Chapters 24& 25 Exam
In class, read major
clauses of Treaty of
Versailles and in
collaborative groups
analyze the different
reactions to the treaty.
HW: Finish reading
Chapter 25, complete
reading log and work on
LEQ outline
HW: Read Chapter 26
HW: Study for exam!!
HW: Prepare for debate
double-spaced. Due
HW: Read pages 849-859
including map Map 25.4,
Map 25.5 and Primary
Source 25.5