Download Chapter 3: The Chemistry of Life

Survey
yes no Was this document useful for you?
   Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Document related concepts

Physical organic chemistry wikipedia, lookup

Bottromycin wikipedia, lookup

Strychnine total synthesis wikipedia, lookup

Aromaticity wikipedia, lookup

Carbohydrate wikipedia, lookup

Transcript
Chapter 3 & 4: The Chemistry of Life
LEARNING OBJECTIVES






Describe the basic structure of an atom.
Explain how electrons determine how atoms interact.
Define the term “isotopes” and list ways that they are used in science.
Describe ionic, covalent, and hydrogen bonds.
List the biologically important characteristics of water that are due to its high polarity and hydrogen
bonding.
Describe the four major classes of organic molecules, their functions, and their building blocks.
KEY TERMS: Words you should know from this chapter. Indicate the page number for each word.
atom
orbital
atomic number
atomic mass
element
ions
isotopes
radioactive decay
molecule
chemical bond
polar molecule
pH scale
buffer
macromolecules
For the following words, be sure to indicate the building block chemicals for each macromolecule.
Proteins
Nucleic acids
Carbohydrates
Lipids
Chemistry Activity
Name ________________________
These are structures you should know:
Water, H2O
Carbon dioxide, CO2
Functional Groups
OH
Hydroxyl
Formula
Carbonyl
CO (with a double bond)
Carboxyl
COOH
Amino
NH2+
Phosphate
PO4+
Found in
Biochemicals
Monomers
Amino Acid
Made of
Found in
Made of
Found in
Carbohydrate
Nucleotide
Fatty Acid
Polymers
Protein
Carbohydrate
Polysaccharide
Lipid
Nucleic Acid
Know the definitions of :
Dehydration Synthesis
Hydrolysis
Chapter 4 – Types of Macromolecules
Proteins
Functions
Made of
Types
Produced by
Nucleic Acids
Functions
Made of
Types
Produced by
Carbohydrates
Functions
Made of
Types
Produced by
Lipids
Functions
Made of
Types
Produced by