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Download Lymphadenopathy is the enlargement/swelling of lymph
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Lymphadenopathy is the enlargement/swelling of lymph nodes. Classifications Local – single lymph node affected Generalized- 2 or more lymph nodes involved. Lymph nodes are small structures that are present all over the body. They house white blood cells which are important for protection against infections. The masses and fluids that build up in the lymph nodes as a result of swelling Bacterial or Viral Infections – the most common reason such as tuberculosis, rubella, infectious mononucleosis, syphilis, amongst others. Lymphomas and Leukemia – cancers of white blood cells in the lymph nodes and blood. Cancers in other body parts that spread to lymph nodes Diseases of the immune system, such as Lupus and Sarcoidus Swollen lymph nodes can cause an abscess if it is caused by infection. Abscess may require drainage and antibiotics. A bacterial infection anywhere in your body can progess to an infection of the bloodstream known as Bacteremia. Treatment may require hospitalization. Because Lymphadenopathy occurs when the nodes become damaged due to an infection, malignancy, or immune system disorder, this disease can occur at any time. However, this condition is more common in children than adults. Young people frequently encounter pathogens in which their immune systems do not know how to correctly fight off. Patients experiencing Lymphadenopathy in the oral cavity can have difficulty breathing or swallowing. Palpation of any involved lymph node during an extraoral examination can be painful for the patient. In an intraoral examination, the lymph nodes may also be tender when palpated. LYMPHADENOPATHY OF THE PALATINE TONSILS It is important for Dental Hygienist to recognize any abnormalities in the oral cavity. Lymphadenopathy allows the node to be easily noted during an extraoral examination. Lymphadenopathy in the intraoral tonsillar causes tissue enlargement that can be seen during an intraoral examination. This can lead to airway obstruction and can lead to infection of the tonsillar tisssue. If any lymph nodes are palpable or if there is an enlargement or infection, the patient needs appropriate physician referral for treatment.