Quarter 3 Exam Study Guide China 1. In China, the merchants were below what two social classes? 2. What made silk so valuable in the West? 3. What can the Silk Road be compared to in today’s modern world? 4. Why was the Great Wall built? India 5. Which Indian belief system believed there are many deities that control different aspects of nature, Brahman is the universal deity, believes in life after death or reincarnation, and both dharma and karma encouraged people to live right and good lives.? 6. Which Indian belief system believes on should give up desires, such as fame, money, and material goods, so that pain and sorrow will vanish and uses the four noble truths and Eightfold Path to reach enlightenment? 7. Who started started Buddhism by giving up his fame, wealth, and family to try to eliminate the world’s sorrow, pain, and suffering? 8. Which ruler built roads and hospitals for people and animals of India? From what dynasty was this ruler from? Egypt 9. What pharaoh united Upper and Lower Egypt into one large kingdom? 10. What pharaoh was know for building temples on the side of mountains, like the one below? 11. Describe how the Old, Middle and New kingdoms were separated. A.When were the pyramids built? Quarter 3 Exam Study Guide B.What group ended the Middle Kingdom? C.Who started the new kingdom? Q1 Review 12. Label the following coordinates A. B. C. D. E. F. G. H. I. J. 13. Which theme of geography is a group of places united by a common feature or features? 14. Which theme of geography describes getting people or ideas from one place to another? 15. Which theme of geography describe how people and the environment interact with each other? 16. Which theme of geography gives directions by comparing one location to another? 17. Which theme of geography describes both the physical and human features of a building, area, city, etc? 18. How would you know that artifacts are from time periods AFTER the Paleolithic period? 19. How did the domestication of animals help civilizations (what did the domestication allow to happen)? 20. What was the greatest benefit of farming for the Neolithic people? 21. Why was Hammurabi’s Code important in history and modern day society? 22. How did empires effect the Fertile Crescent and the city-states in that area? Quarter 3 Exam Study Guide 23. During ancient history, how are years recorded? Draw a timeline and place these 5 dates in chronological order: 1905 BCE, 10,000 BCE, 509, BCE, 850 BCE, 14 CE Greece I can examine the aspects of culture in Greece. 24. What architectural influences do we see in our society today that we “borrowed” from the ancient Greeks? 25. How are modern day Olympics like those of ancient Greece? I can classify the democratic principles practiced in Greece. 26. Compare Greek and American democracies. What part(s) of American democracy do we get from Greek democracy? 27. What important ideas from ancient Greece concerning government do we still practice today? I can locate significant geographical features in Greece. 28. Describe Greece’s geography. I can appraise the contributions of Greek societies. 29. Where do we get the word “philosophy”? 30. How are our theaters like the ones in ancient Greece? 31. Identify the important results of the Persian Wars. 32. Why was Alexander called “the Great”? Rome 33. Who were Romulus and Remus? 34. Describe Rome’s geography. How does it compare to Greece’s? I can describe the rise of the Roman Republic. 35.Who were the patricians? 36. Why were the plebeians unhappy when the Roman Republic was first set up? 37. Who were the consuls? Tribunes? Senators? 38. Why did the plebeians want laws to be written down? When they were written down, what were they called? 39. What were the results of the Conflict of Orders? I can summarize the conflict between Carthage and Rome. 40. Summarize Roman Expansion (taking over the Italian peninsula, the Punic Wars, etc...the columns you created in class). I can explain Rome’s transition from republic to empire. 41. How did Octavian become Rome’s first emperor? 42. What does “Pax Romana” mean, and which emperor began it? Quarter 3 Exam Study Guide I an summarize the effects of expansion on Rome. 43. How did Rome’s expansion affect the plebeians? I can analyze the culture of Rome and the Roman Empire. 44. What was the forum? 45. How might one become a Roman slave? 46. Differences in wealthy in poor in these categories: food, housing, education 47. What was the purpose of the Colosseum? the Circus Maximus? I can evaluate the extent to which Roman culture influences modern society. 48. Why are both the Roman Republic and the U.S. today considered republics?