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NONINFECTIOUS DISEASES
1.
A disease that is NOT caused by a virus or a living organism is considered a
_____________________.
2. Characteristics/behaviors that raise a person’s chance of getting a noninfectious disease are considered
R
F
.
Examples:
,
3. H
E
L
,
,
contribute to the chance of getting some noninfectious diseases.
4. Any harmful change in the state of health of one’s body or mind is called a
.
5. C
D
last a long time.
6.
is a disease in which cells grow uncontrollably and invade and destroy healthy
tissue.
7. Cells usually multiply in an orderly way…however, when they multiply rapidly and out of control the
result is a cancerous tissue called a
.
8. Biopsy – is
is
that is removed and tested from the patient to see if it
.
9. Benign or
tumors are not cancerous.
10. Substances from the environment that can cause cancer are called
include:
11.
12.
13.
. Examples
WARNING SIGNS OF CANCER
14. C
in bowel or bladder habits
15. Any sore that will not
.
16. U
bleeding or discharge
17. T
or lump
18. I
or difficulty swallowing
19. Obvious change in a
,
or birth mark
20. Nagging
or hoarseness in throat
21. Most common type of cancer is
sunlight.
. Caused by too much exposure to
22. The No. 1 cause of deaths due to cancer in the Unites States is
23. C
/R
(colorectal) cancer is the
the lower end of the digestive tract.
.
most common cancer. This affects
24. Breast Cancer: most often seen in women over 50
in
women have breast cancer
25. 1 in 250 males acquire
cancer
26. Lymphoma is a cancer of the cells in the
and weakens the immune system.
system. Typically spreads throughout the body
After a biopsy (or sample of tissue) is found to be cancerous, there are three major cancer treatments that
can be utilized:
27.
28.
29.
: removal of cancer cells from body. This method works best on cancer that has not
spread to other parts of the body.
: chemicals are used to destroy cancer cells. Used to fight cancer that has spread.
: high-energy rays from radioactive materials are used to shrink or kill cancer
cells. This method is usually used in combination with surgery and chemotherapy.
30. Diseases of the nervous system are called N
An example would be
D
.
Respiratory Conditions: diseases of the lungs and bronchial tubes
.
31.
is a respiratory condition when the lining of the airways in the lungs becomes
narrow…which makes breathing difficult.
32. Diseases of the HEART and BLOOD VESSELS are known as C
are the leading cause of death in the United States each year!
33. Rheumatic Fever: damage to the
34.
and
; doesn’t pump blood efficiently.
heart disease: heart has not formed properly at birth
35.
due to
overweight!
is considered high blood pressure which can damage arteries. Usually worsens
,
, little
, use of
, or being
36. Atherosclerosis (or coronary artery disease) is the
PREVENTING CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE
37.
38.
39.
40.
D
of the
.