Name______________________________ Hour Score: / 40 NONINFECTIOUS DISEASES 1. A disease that is NOT caused by a virus or a living organism is considered a _____________________. 2. Characteristics/behaviors that raise a person’s chance of getting a noninfectious disease are considered R F . Examples: , 3. H E L , , contribute to the chance of getting some noninfectious diseases. 4. Any harmful change in the state of health of one’s body or mind is called a . 5. C D last a long time. 6. is a disease in which cells grow uncontrollably and invade and destroy healthy tissue. 7. Cells usually multiply in an orderly way…however, when they multiply rapidly and out of control the result is a cancerous tissue called a . 8. Biopsy – is is that is removed and tested from the patient to see if it . 9. Benign or tumors are not cancerous. 10. Substances from the environment that can cause cancer are called include: 11. 12. 13. . Examples WARNING SIGNS OF CANCER 14. C in bowel or bladder habits 15. Any sore that will not . 16. U bleeding or discharge 17. T or lump 18. I or difficulty swallowing 19. Obvious change in a , or birth mark 20. Nagging or hoarseness in throat 21. Most common type of cancer is sunlight. . Caused by too much exposure to 22. The No. 1 cause of deaths due to cancer in the Unites States is 23. C /R (colorectal) cancer is the the lower end of the digestive tract. . most common cancer. This affects 24. Breast Cancer: most often seen in women over 50 in women have breast cancer 25. 1 in 250 males acquire cancer 26. Lymphoma is a cancer of the cells in the and weakens the immune system. system. Typically spreads throughout the body After a biopsy (or sample of tissue) is found to be cancerous, there are three major cancer treatments that can be utilized: 27. 28. 29. : removal of cancer cells from body. This method works best on cancer that has not spread to other parts of the body. : chemicals are used to destroy cancer cells. Used to fight cancer that has spread. : high-energy rays from radioactive materials are used to shrink or kill cancer cells. This method is usually used in combination with surgery and chemotherapy. 30. Diseases of the nervous system are called N An example would be D . Respiratory Conditions: diseases of the lungs and bronchial tubes . 31. is a respiratory condition when the lining of the airways in the lungs becomes narrow…which makes breathing difficult. 32. Diseases of the HEART and BLOOD VESSELS are known as C are the leading cause of death in the United States each year! 33. Rheumatic Fever: damage to the 34. and ; doesn’t pump blood efficiently. heart disease: heart has not formed properly at birth 35. due to overweight! is considered high blood pressure which can damage arteries. Usually worsens , , little , use of , or being 36. Atherosclerosis (or coronary artery disease) is the PREVENTING CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE 37. 38. 39. 40. D of the .