Download Unit 1 Review Sheet Define ecology Contrast preservationist and

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Transcript
Unit 1 Review Sheet
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Define ecology
Contrast preservationist and
conservationist
Describe an environmentally
sustainable society
Examples of exponential
growth
Rule of 70
Contrast GDP, GNP
What is per capita?
Contrast developed and
developing countries
Define economically
depleted
Contrast renewable and nonrenewable resources with
examples
Contrast reuse and recycle
Describe the tragedy of the
commons
Give examples of commons
Define sustainable yield
Define pollution
Contrast point and nonpoint
sources of pollution
Define persistence
Contrast the agricultural,
industrial – medical, and
information –globalization
revolutions
What is the frontier
worldview?
Contrast positive and
negative feedback loops with
examples of each
Define synergistic effect
Define matter, atom,
element, isotope, compound,
and molecule
Contrast atomic number and
mass number
Explain how acidity is
measured
Contrast high and low quality
and energy with examples of
each
Give an example of a physical
and chemical change
Define half-life
28. What is the fuel in nuclear
reactors?
29. Contrast fission and fusion
30. What is the first and second
law of thermodynamics?
31. Describe the law of
conservation of matter
32. Contrast biome, ecosystem,
community, population
33. Identify all of earth’s spheres
34. List the 5 major greenhouse
gasses
35. Describe the greenhouse
effect
36. Contrast biotic and abiotic
factors
37. What determines the type of
biome?
38. What is the zone of
tolerance?
39. Contrast autotroph and
heterotrophy
40. Contrast producer and
consumer
41. Describe the formula for
photosynthesis
42. Contrast decomposer and
detrivore and scavenger
43. Define biodegradable
44. Identify primary, secondary,
and tertiary consumers
45. 10% rule
46. Identify the 3 most and least
productive ecosystems
47. Contrast soil horizon and
profile
48. Describe each soil layer
49. Define parent material in
relationship to soil
50. Describe the color of fertile
soil
51. N cycle
52. P cycle
53. C cycle
54. Water cycle
55. S cycle
56. Identify the gas composition
of earth’s atmosphere
57. Describe legumes
58. Explain how earth got it’s
oxygen in the atmosphere
59. Describe the sequence of
organisms through earth’s
history
60. Describe how mutations are
created
61. Define adaptation
62. Define coevolution and give
examples
63. Contrast gradualism and
punctuated equilibrium
64. Contrast weather and
climate
65. Describe the rainshadow
effect
66. Two most important factors
in determining climate
67. Identify biomes by location
or characteristics
68. Give examples of deciduous
plants
69. Give examples of evergreen
plants
70. Describe the plants of the
desert
71. Define resource partitioning
and give examples
72. Describe the producers of
the tundra
73. Describe how climate and
vegetation vary by altitude
and elevation
74. Describe an R strategist and
give an example.
75. Describe a K strategist and
give an example.
76. Describe each relationship
and give one example of
each.
a. Parasitism
b. Commensalisms
c. Mutualism
d. Predation
e. Interspecific
competition
f. Intraspecific
competition
77. What causes soil formation
during primary succession?
78. Contrast inertia, constancy,
and resilience.
79. What is the intrinsic rate of
increase?
80. Contrast bottom up and top
down population control.
81. Describe the shape of a
logistic curve.
82. Describe the shape of an
exponential curve.
83. What are some factors that
lead to the destruction of
tropical rain forests?
84. Which terrestrial and aquatic
ecosystem has the highest
NPP?
85. What are characteristics of
population dynamics?
86. What is carrying capacity?
87. Why do organisms live in
clumps?
88. How long does it take to
make fertile soil?
89. What is biotic potential?
90. Contrast species evenness
and richness.
91. What is the theory of island
biogeography?
92. What are advantages and
disadvantages of sexual
reproduction?
93. What is an indicator species?
Give an example.
94. Contrast density-dependent
and independent population
control. Give an example of
each.
95. Describe the three types of
survivorship curves.
96. What are ecological services
provided by forests?
97. Describe the intermediate
disturbance hypothesis.
98. During photosynthesis, ____
goes into a plant and ____ is
released as a byproduct.