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Download Unit 1 Review Sheet Define ecology Contrast preservationist and
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Unit 1 Review Sheet 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. Define ecology Contrast preservationist and conservationist Describe an environmentally sustainable society Examples of exponential growth Rule of 70 Contrast GDP, GNP What is per capita? Contrast developed and developing countries Define economically depleted Contrast renewable and nonrenewable resources with examples Contrast reuse and recycle Describe the tragedy of the commons Give examples of commons Define sustainable yield Define pollution Contrast point and nonpoint sources of pollution Define persistence Contrast the agricultural, industrial – medical, and information –globalization revolutions What is the frontier worldview? Contrast positive and negative feedback loops with examples of each Define synergistic effect Define matter, atom, element, isotope, compound, and molecule Contrast atomic number and mass number Explain how acidity is measured Contrast high and low quality and energy with examples of each Give an example of a physical and chemical change Define half-life 28. What is the fuel in nuclear reactors? 29. Contrast fission and fusion 30. What is the first and second law of thermodynamics? 31. Describe the law of conservation of matter 32. Contrast biome, ecosystem, community, population 33. Identify all of earth’s spheres 34. List the 5 major greenhouse gasses 35. Describe the greenhouse effect 36. Contrast biotic and abiotic factors 37. What determines the type of biome? 38. What is the zone of tolerance? 39. Contrast autotroph and heterotrophy 40. Contrast producer and consumer 41. Describe the formula for photosynthesis 42. Contrast decomposer and detrivore and scavenger 43. Define biodegradable 44. Identify primary, secondary, and tertiary consumers 45. 10% rule 46. Identify the 3 most and least productive ecosystems 47. Contrast soil horizon and profile 48. Describe each soil layer 49. Define parent material in relationship to soil 50. Describe the color of fertile soil 51. N cycle 52. P cycle 53. C cycle 54. Water cycle 55. S cycle 56. Identify the gas composition of earth’s atmosphere 57. Describe legumes 58. Explain how earth got it’s oxygen in the atmosphere 59. Describe the sequence of organisms through earth’s history 60. Describe how mutations are created 61. Define adaptation 62. Define coevolution and give examples 63. Contrast gradualism and punctuated equilibrium 64. Contrast weather and climate 65. Describe the rainshadow effect 66. Two most important factors in determining climate 67. Identify biomes by location or characteristics 68. Give examples of deciduous plants 69. Give examples of evergreen plants 70. Describe the plants of the desert 71. Define resource partitioning and give examples 72. Describe the producers of the tundra 73. Describe how climate and vegetation vary by altitude and elevation 74. Describe an R strategist and give an example. 75. Describe a K strategist and give an example. 76. Describe each relationship and give one example of each. a. Parasitism b. Commensalisms c. Mutualism d. Predation e. Interspecific competition f. Intraspecific competition 77. What causes soil formation during primary succession? 78. Contrast inertia, constancy, and resilience. 79. What is the intrinsic rate of increase? 80. Contrast bottom up and top down population control. 81. Describe the shape of a logistic curve. 82. Describe the shape of an exponential curve. 83. What are some factors that lead to the destruction of tropical rain forests? 84. Which terrestrial and aquatic ecosystem has the highest NPP? 85. What are characteristics of population dynamics? 86. What is carrying capacity? 87. Why do organisms live in clumps? 88. How long does it take to make fertile soil? 89. What is biotic potential? 90. Contrast species evenness and richness. 91. What is the theory of island biogeography? 92. What are advantages and disadvantages of sexual reproduction? 93. What is an indicator species? Give an example. 94. Contrast density-dependent and independent population control. Give an example of each. 95. Describe the three types of survivorship curves. 96. What are ecological services provided by forests? 97. Describe the intermediate disturbance hypothesis. 98. During photosynthesis, ____ goes into a plant and ____ is released as a byproduct.