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Transcript
Prepositions
The preposition is the sixth of the eight parts of speech. Just for the
record, here are all eight:
noun, pronoun, adjective, verb, adverb, preposition, conjunction, and
interjection.
Let's start with a basic definition:
Prepositions show relationships between nouns or pronouns and other
words in a sentence.
Commonly used prepositions:
Aboard, about, above, across, after, against, along, among, around, at,
before, behind, below, beneath, beside, between, beyond, by, down, during,
except, for, from, in, into, like, of, off, on, over, past, since, through,
throughout, to, toward, under, underneath, until, up, upon, with, within,
without
Prepositional phrases generally contain the preposition and an object of the
preposition. Objects of the preposition MUST be nouns. Here are some
examples:
In bed (in, preposition and bed, noun)
To Texas (to, preposition and Texas, noun)
The noun may have modifiers.
In the big bed (in, preposition / the, article / big, adjective / bed, noun)
To the grocery store (to, preposition/ the, article/ grocery, adjective /
store, noun)
**Rule**
Subjects and verbs can NEVER be found in prepositional phrases. It is a
good habit to learn to spot prepositional phases. Use parentheses to mark
them; then, when you are looking for the subject and verb of the sentence,
it will narrow down the search. Here is an example:
The boy by the window on the other side of the room was looking over his
shoulder at the pretty girl in the hall.
The boy (by the window)(on the other side)(of the room) was looking (over
his shoulder)(at the pretty girl)(in the hall.)
Once the prepositional phrases are eliminated: "The boy was looking" is
left. "The" is an article. "Boy" is a noun. "Was looking" is the verb.
Therefore, "boy" is the subject and "was looking" is the verb
Also remember – A prepositional phrase begins with a prepositional and ends
with a noun or a pronoun!
Name______________________
English
Find the prepositions in the following sentences. (7pts.)
1. He suggested they clean the statue by the art building for their service
project.
__________ __________
2. The book on architectural design has been on the kitchen table since this
morning.
__________ ____________ _____________
3. Five dollars was required of each student who planned to go on the trip.
__________ __________
4. The teacher asked Tom to give an oral report about horses in the
Appalachian Mountains.
__________ __________
5. Over the holidays, I visited the Thompson family for several days.
__________ _______________
6. Do you have a special someone in your life?
_____________
7. She put all of her savings toward the down payment on a new house.
__________ __________ ___________
Name___________________________ English
Underline one of the Prepositional Phrases (9pts.):
1. Steven's book, which made Oprah's Book Club this month, is not in any
stores.
2. After the banquet, the cooks will take a well-deserved break.
3. The dog that Sam chose from the litter seems to be healthy.
4. The shoes he saw in the catalogue are available down the street.
5. Katrina, who resented being left at home, drew on the walls with her
crayons.
6. His uncle thinks that working for the government is the key to
stability.
7. Is it possible that Joshua will compete against that man?
Write two examples of Prepositional Phrases. (2pts.)