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WHI.5 – PRETEST – ANCIENT GREECE
NAME __________________________________________ DATE _______________________ PERIOD _______
1. Zeus, Apollo, and Athena are all
a. Greek buildings
9. The Greeks were polytheistic. Polytheism is
b. Roman gods or goddesses
a. A social structure in which most people
c. Greek gods or goddesses
are slaves
d. Roman buildings
b. A culture in which the latest technology is
used.
2. Greek geography impacted the development of the
c. A religious system in which many gods
Greek civilization in all of the following ways EXCEPT:
are worshipped.
a. The limited farmland forced the Greeks to
d. The belief that work is more important
establish farming colonies.
than art.
b. The Greek homeland had many natural harbors
and a mild climate.
c. The mountainous terrain prevented the
development of a central government.
d. As an island, Greece had natural protection from
invasion.
3. Although there were many independent city-states, the
Greeks did have two things in common. These were
a. Language and religion
b. Government and money
c. Language and government
d. Government and religion
4. The two major Greek city-states were:
a. Corinth and Sparta
b. Sparta and Thebes
c. Athens and Sparta
d. Athens and Delphi
5. Each city-state was composed of three groups. Of these
groups, the ones responsible for government decisions
in Athens were
a. Citizens
b. Helots
c. Kings
d. Consuls
6. Pythagoras and Euclid are Greek
a. Rulers
b. Philosophers
c. Playwrights
d. Mathematicians
7. The Persian Wars were fought between
a. Persian colonies and Athens
b. A united Athens and Sparta against Rome
c. A united Athens and Sparta against Persia
d. Athens against Sparta and Persia
10. According to the above timeline, when did
citizens begin controlling the Athenian
government?
a. 508 BC
b. 560 BC
c. 682 BC
d. 692 BC
11. The defensive or military alliance formed by
Athens was called
a. The Peloponnesian League
b. The Athenian League
c. The Greek League
d. The Delian League
12. Golden Ages are periods of
a. Economic and cultural advancement
b. War and disaster
c. Political change
d. Social and political rebellion
13. Draco and Solon were both
a. Athenian generals
b. Athenian rulers who helped create a
democracy in Athens
c. Spartan rulers
d. Spartan rulers who helped create a
democracy in Sparta
8. Alexander the Great conquered this Asian Empire
a. Indian
b. Chinese
c. Persian
d. Islamic
1
WHI.5 – PRETEST – ANCIENT GREECE
14. These sport competitions originated in ancient Greece
and were dedicated to honor Zeus. What are these
competitions?
a. Olympics
b. Gladiator combats
c. Wrestling
d. Marathons
22. The earliest democratic system of government
was developed in
a. Sparta.
b. Egypt
c. Athens
d. India
15. This famous Greek philosopher taught Alexander the
Great.
a. Plato
b. Aristotle
c. Socrates
d. Herodotus
23. Thucydides and Herodotus are both famous
Greek
a. Playwrights
b. Philosophers
c. Mathematicians
d. Historians
16. Who is credited with writing the Iliad and the Odyssey?
a. Aristotle
b. Homer
c. Herodotus
d. Aeschylus
24. The Macedonian Empire blended cultures to
produce this unique culture
a. Hellenic
b. Balkan
c. Hanesatic
d. Hellenistic
17. Many modern government buildings incorporate the
Doric, Ionic, or Corinthian architectural element. These
are
a. Doorways
b. Roofs
c. Domes
d. Columns
18. According to the Spartans history, Lycurgus established
this type of government in Sparta:
a. Oligarchy
b. Aristocracy
c. Democracy
d. Monarchy
19. Phidias was to sculpture as Pericles was to
a. Government
b. Comedies
c. History
d. Science
20. The Peloponnesian Wars were fought
a. Between Athens and Rome for control of trade
b. Between Athens and Sparta for control of the
Greece.
c. Between Athens and Persia for control of the
colonies.
d. Between Sparta and Macedonia for control of
Greece.
21. The Macedonians under the leadership of this individual
conquered the weakened Greek city-states after the
Peloponnesian Wars.
a. Pericles
b. Hannibal
c. Alexander
d. Phillip
25. The above structure, built in Athens and
dedicated to the goddess Athena is called the
a. Pantheon
b. Circus Maximus
c. Colosseum
d. Parthenon
26. What is the acropolis?
a. The high hill in the center of the Greek citystates
b. The marketplace in Greek cities.
c. The type of government in Olympia
d. The battle site where Greece defeated
Persia.
27. This Greek philosopher wrote a book, The
Republic, which describes the ideal government
as one in which only the wealthy and wise
should rule.
a. Socrates
b. Aristotle
c. Euclid
d. Plato
2
WHI.5 – PRETEST – ANCIENT GREECE
I swear by Apollo Physician and Asclepius and Hygeia and
Panaceia and all the gods and goddesses, making them my
witnesses, that I will fulfill according to my ability and
judgment this oath and this covenant:
I will neither give a deadly drug to anybody who asked for it,
nor will I make a suggestion to this If I fulfill this oath and do
not violate it, may it be granted to me to enjoy life and art,
being honored with fame among all men for all time to come;
if I transgress it and swear falsely, may the opposite of all
this be my lot.
28. The above quotation, sworn to by modern doctors, is
called the _____________________ after the Greek
“Father of Modern Medicine”:
a. Socratic Oath
b. Euclidian Theory
c. Hippocratic Oath
d. Homeric Response
32. The birthplace of the first democracy was the
city of Athens. What letter on the above map
indicates the location of Athens?
a. E
b. F
c. G
d. H
33. Based on the above relief map, which of the
following statements about Greece would NOT
be true?
a. Greece is a very mountainous peninsula
b. There are many protected inlets
c. The Greeks had easy access to the seas
d. Greece had adequate farmland
34. The Greek civilization was characterized by
a. Polytheistic religion based on mythology
b. Harmony with nature
c. Ancestor worship
d. Caste system in religious law




29. Of the seas surrounding Greece, the one labeled
the
a. Mediterranean Sea
b. Aegean Sea
c. Black Sea
d. Ionian Sea
A is
30. The sea labeled B is the
a. Mediterranean Sea
b. Aegean Sea
c. Black Sea
d. Ionian Sea
31. The Mycenaens fought a long battle with the city labeled
G. The story of this battle is contained in Homer’s Iliad.
What is the name of the city?
a. Athens
b. Sparta
c. Thebes
d. Troy
Located on the Attica Peninsula
Birthplace of Democracy
Few freedoms for women
Built the best Greek navy
35. The above features refer to which of the
following Greek city-states?
a. Sparta
b. Thebes
c. Corinth
d. Athens
36. An oligarchy is characterized by
a. Rule by elected representatives
b. Rule by a small group
c. Rule by a dictator
d. Rule by a king
37. The significance of the Persian wars was that
a. The wars united Athens and Sparta
against the Persian Empire
b. Greece emerged from the war as the
world’s most powerful government
c. The wars slowed the cultural advance of
Greek civilization
d. Greek democracy was extended
throughout the Mediterranean area.
3
WHI.5 – PRETEST – ANCIENT GREECE
38. This Greek playwright is considered to be the finest
writer of comedies. He used comedy to make Athenians
think about the causes and effects of war. Who is he?
a. Sophocles
b. Euripides
c. Aeschylus
d. Aristophanes
39. Which of the following Greek playwrights were
responsible for writing many of the great tragedies?
a. Plato and Socrates
b. Herodotus and Hippocrates
c. Aeschylus and Sophocles
d. Euclid and Pythagoras
40. The Persians, under Darius and Xerxes, were defeated
by the Greeks at two major battles. These battles were:
a. Marathon and Thermopylae
b. Salamis and Marathon
c. Thermopylae and Salamis
d. Ionia and Sard
44. The narrow strip of water labeled number 3 is
which of the following?
a. Dardanelles
b. Bosporus
c. Gibraltar
d. Suez
41. The Black Sea is connected to the Aegean Sea by the
a. Bosporus strait
b. Suez Canal
c. Dardanelles
d. Gibraltar Strait
42. What happened in Athens during the “Golden Age” of
Pericles?
a. Athens became the sole military power in the
world by invading and defeating the Persians and
Egyptians.
b. A gold deposit was found in the Athenian foothills
making the city the wealthiest in the world.
c. Politics and architecture flourished in the city as it
became the center of Greek culture.
d. The capital city of the Greek nation was moved to
Athens and it became the largest city in the world.
43. What style is the above column?
a. Doric
b. Ionic
c. Corinthian
d. Romanesque
45. The Ionian colonies revolted against the rule of
the Persians. This started the Persian Wars.
The Ionian colonies were located in modern day
Turkey as indicated by which letter on the map?
a. B
b. C
c. D
d. E
46. What is the Greek AGORA?
a. Public marketplace
b. Government building
c. Temple to the patron god or goddess
d. Public bath
4
WHI.5 – PRETEST – ANCIENT GREECE
A
47. The above chart shows the development of the Greek
and Roman alphabet. Which of the following
civilizations’ alphabet formed the basis for the Greek and
Roman alphabet?
a. Egyptian
b. Sumerian
c. Phoenician
d. Chinese
50. The above chart shows the four cultures that
combined to form the Hellenistic culture. In the
above chart, which of the following replaces the
letter A?
a. Roman
b. Greek
c. Byzantine
d. Norse
Greek Texts
Monarchy
Mythology
Philosophy
?
Government
Tyranny
Literature &
Poetry
Aristocracy
51. Under which category would you find Homer’s
Iliad and Odyssey?
a. Literature
b. Government
c. Philosophy
d. Mythology
48. The above shows the evolution of the government in the
city-state of Athens. Which of the following should be
placed in the last box?
a. Oligarchy
b. Republic
c. Direct Democracy
d. Dictatorship




Calculated the value of 
Explained how levers worked
Invented the compound pulley
Invented a water screw to draw water upward
52. The above column type is called
a. Doric
b. Corinthian
c. Arabesque
d. Ionic
49. The above statements refer to which Hellenistic
scientist?
a. Euclid
b. Archimedes
c. Aristotle
d. Pythagoras
5
WHI.5 – PRETEST – ANCIENT GREECE
53. The above column type is called
a. Doric
b. Corinthian
c. Arabesque
d. Ionic
C
A
B
54. The mathematical formula A2+B2=C2 is named after
which Greek mathematician?
a. Herodotus
b. Pythagoras
c. Euclid
d. Sophocles
 Oligarchy
 Large slave population
 All male citizens part of military
 Located on the Peloponnesus
 Women could inherit property
55. The above are characteristics of which Greek city-state?
a. Athens
b. Olympia
c. Mycenae
d. Sparta
Philosophy
Drama
History
Contributions
of Greece
Architecture
Sports
?
56. Which of the following should be placed in the last
circle?
a. Gunpowder
b. Religion
c. Government
d. Agriculture
6