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Transcript
Introduction to Archaeology Fall 2004
Mid Term Study Guide
Key Terms: Define each of these terms
Occums razor
Pseudoscience
Law
Hypothesis
Theory
Paleolithic, Mesolithic, Neolithic
(meaning and origins)
Reductive vs. Additive or
compositional technologies
Goals of Archaeology
Scientific Method
Materialism (Ontological and
Methodological)
Induction vs. Deduction
Forensic Anthropology
The Archaeological Record and its
components
Uniformitarianism
Unilinear Cultural Evolution
Diffusion
Seriation
Antediluvian
Typology
Cultural Materialism
Processualism
Post-Processualism
Divisions of Archaeology
Branches of Anthropology
Experimental Archaeology
Ethnoarchaeology
Laws of Stratigraphy
Succession
Continuity
Superposition
Horizontality
Gatherers and Foragers
Binford and the Nunamiut
Site Classifications
Site and Locus
Rock Shelters, Caves, Open Air Sites
Taphonomy
Excavation Tools
Sampling Strategies
Judgmental
Random
Stratified Random
Remote Sensing Technology
GP Radar/SAR
Thermal Emissions
Magnetometers
Aerial photography
Society
Human Ecology
Sediments
Soils
Anthropogenic Soils
GPS
Research Design Components
Uniformitarianism
Features
Historical vs. Prehistoric Archaeology
Sequence Dating and Seriation
Absolute vs. Relative Dating
Evolutionary Ecology
Natural vs. Cultural Transformation
In Situ
Primary and Secondary context
Rosetta Stone
Sex vs. Gender in cultural contexts
Taphonomy
Experimental Archaeology
Moche
Maya Glyphs
Von Danikan
Woods and Titmus
Middens
Tells
Parts of the Archaeological Record
Maritime Archaeology