PDF overview - Kneeling Media Inc.
... Herakleopolitan dynasty ruled in Asyut, Herakleopolis Magna, and the delta ports as the main traders.
Dynasty 12 had a royal residence at Itjtawy/Lisht. Dynasty 13's TKL heading is “Kings who came
after the King of [Upper and] Lower Egypt [Sehet]epibre . . .” 8 Thus it is very clear that the dynasty ...
Rulers of Egypt
... such a long, narrow nation. Only the strongest
and wisest of rulers could keep the borders
safe. So at times, people from other places
took over some of Egypt’s land.
About 1730 b.c., an army from Asia came
into northern Egypt. The Hyksos (HIK-saws)
conquered (KAHN-kuhrd) the Nile Delta at
the Medit ...
History - Angelfire
... The Egyptian history is very difficult to understand because it covers
approximately five thousand years. Egypt’s history is known for being the
origin of civilization, the rise of the Greeks and the Romans, and
establishing the Jewish, Christian, and Islamic religions. There was a time
in the Egypt ...
... to include a relatively obscure set of pharaohs running from the end of
the Sixth to the Tenth, and most of the Eleventh Dynasty. Most of these were likely local monarchs who did not
hold much power outside of their own limited domain, and none held power over the whole of Egypt. Though
their govern ...
... The Hyksos ruled with great force. They burned cities and
destroyed temples. The Hyksos were cruel to many
Egyptians. But such force didn’t work for long. The Egyptians
fought back. They used chariots against the Hyksos. Around
1539 B. C., they drove out the Hyksos. Around 1539 B.C.,
they drove out ...
The First Intermediate Period, the Seventh to Eleventh
... The founder of the Ninth Dynasty, Wahkare Khety I, is often described as an evil and violent
ruler who caused much harm to the inhabitants of Egypt. He was seized with madness, and,
as legend would have it, was eventually killed by a crocodile. Kheti I was succeeded by Kheti
II, also known as Meryi ...
THE MYSTERIES OF LAKE COPAIS AND THE ISLAND OF GLA
... was a priestess of Hera; but Hera discovered him; then the god touched the girl and
transformed her into a splendid cow, swearing with his wife Hera that he was never her
lover… But Hera required from Zeus to keep for her this cow; she put to it as guard Argos,
the “whole seeing”… [Argos] attached t ...
Second Intermediate Period Old Kingdom Egypt
... Around 1786 BC some people we call the Hyksos invaded Egypt, ending the Middle
Kingdom and starting the Second Intermediate Period. The Hyksos, who were
invaders from West Asia, took over the eastern part of the Nile Delta (NorthEastern Egypt, the part closest to Asia), having their capital at Memph ...
1. Nile River Flows north from Africa to Mediterranean At 4,000 miles
... Tribute – forced payments made to the pharaoh by conquered peoples
Invade Egypt in 1670 BC
Cross the desert in horse drawn chariots & use weapons made of
bronze and iron
Ruled for about 150 years before being defeated by Ahmose
Wkbk p.29 #7 The Hyksos defeated the Egyptians because they ...
... Infertility, and Thunder
Cult centered at Avaris (Tanis)
He was worshipped in Lower Egypt and battled with his
nephew Horus for control of the living, this reflects the
struggles between Upper Egypt and Lower Egypt
He was the patron God of Ramses and his successors
Seti, Seti II and Setnakhte, ...
... • This made writing much easier and had a
major impact on the ancient world and
our own. “Hooked on phonics”
• The English language is based upon the
Greek alphabet, which was introduced to
them through trade with the Phoenicians
MAJOR PERIODS IN EGYPTIAN HISTORY
... 1386-1349: Amenhotep III reigns, initiates “Golden Age” with far-flung
international contacts and foreign trade
1350-1334: Akhenaten & Nefertiti reign, create religious upheaval and
“heresy” (possible beginnings of monotheism)
1334-1325: Tutankhamen, the “boy king,” reigns before early death
Egypt Land of the Pharaohs
... • Another intermediate or disunited period and
one where foreign Asiatic kings ruled part of
Egypt, they were called the Hyksos kings.
• The Hyksos kings ruled until Kamose and then
Ahmose reunited the kingdom and destroyed
their remaining power bases.
• Dynasty 14 (1650 BCE)
• Dynasty 15-16 (1663-1 ...
... Invasions of Egypt
• Egypt faced threats from other parts of its empire
• To the West, a people known as the Tehenu
invaded the Nile Delta.
• Ramses fought them off and built a series of forts
to strengthen the Western Frontier.
• Soon after Ramses the Great died, invaders called
the Sea P ...
... Beginning during Ahmose I father's reign, and lasting throughout the entirety of his brother's
term of power, the Theban kings were at war with Hyksos, a group that had gained power in the Nile
Delta. Due to Ahmose I being only ten when he took power, his mother reigned as regent until he
came of ag ...
... Pharaoh stop building massive pyramids and
choose to be buried in hidden tombs cut into cliffs.
Chapter 2, Section 3
... • The Hyksos ruled Egypt
for 150 years.
• Around 1550 B.C.,
Ahmose, and Egyptian
prince led a rebellion &
drove the Hyksos out of
The Hyksos (/ˈhɪksɒs/ or /ˈhɪksoʊz/; Egyptian heqa khaseshet, ""ruler(s) of the foreign countries""; Greek Ὑκσώς, Ὑξώς) were a mixed group of Asiatic people from Western Asia who took over the eastern Nile Delta, ending the Thirteenth Dynasty of Egypt and initiating the Second Intermediate Period.Important Canaan populations first appeared in Egypt towards the end of the 12th Dynasty c. 1800 BC, and either around that time or c. 1720 BC, formed an independent realm in the eastern Nile Delta. The Canaanite rulers of the Delta, regrouped in the 14th Dynasty, coexisted with the Egyptian 13th Dynasty, based in Itjtawy. The power of the 13th and 14th Dynasties progressively waned, perhaps due to famine and plague, and c. 1650 BC both were invaded by the Hyksos, who formed their own dynasty, the 15th Dynasty. The collapse of the 13th Dynasty created a power vacuum in the south, which may have led to the rise of the 16th Dynasty, based in Thebes, and possibly of a local dynasty in Abydos. Both were eventually conquered by the Hyksos, albeit for a short time in the case of Thebes. From then on, the 17th Dynasty took control of Thebes and reigned for some time in peaceful coexistence with the Hyksos kings, perhaps as their vassals. Eventually, Seqenenre Tao, Kamose and Ahmose waged war against the Hyksos and expelled Khamudi, their last king, from Egypt c. 1550 BC.The Hyksos practiced horse burials, and their chief deity, their native storm god, the west-Semitic Baal, became associated with the Egyptian storm and desert god, Seth. The Hyksos were a people of mixed Asiatic origin with mainly Semitic components. Although some scholars have suggested that the Hyksos contained a Hurrian component, this possibility has been dismissed by most other scholars. The Hurrians spoke an isolated language, but were under Indo-European rule and influence, and Hurrian etymologies have been suggested for some Hyksos names while Indo-European etymologies have been suggested for a very few names. If a Hurrian component did indeed exist among the Hyksos, an Indo-European component is difficult to explain, as Indo-European peoples only became a significant influence upon Hurrians in Syria after the Hyksos were well-established in Egypt.The Hyksos brought several technical improvements to Egypt, as well as cultural infusions such as new musical instruments and foreign loan words. The changes introduced include new techniques of bronze working and pottery, new breeds of animals, and new crops. In warfare, they introduced the horse and chariot, the composite bow, improved battle axes, and advanced fortification techniques. Because of these cultural advances, Hyksos rule was decisive for Egypt’s later empire in the Middle East.