... There are two discourse referents denoting individuals: x, which needs to be unified11
with another discourse referent later in the derivation, e.g. the agent introduced by little v
(Voice), and z with respect to which the representation is abstracted over by means of a λabstract.12 The DP that is a ...
On the syntax of locative and directional adpositional phrases
... Koopman resorts to movement to SpecAgrP in an attempt to account for Q–float facts: met ons allemaal ‘with us all’ is
assumed to result from movement of ons ‘us’ to a higher A–position, stranding the quantifier allemaal ‘all’ along the way (as in
Sportiche’ s 1988 analysis of Q–float). The Q–float a ...
8 Causatives - Blackwell Publishing
... In this chapter, I will present an analysis of the syntax and morphology of the
causative construction in Japanese. Since Kuroda’s 1965 MIT dissertation, much
of the work on the Japanese causative has focused on the causative construction formed by a verb stem and the morphologically dependent causa ...
Leísta Spanish and the Syntax of Clitic Doubling
... In Chapter 2 I show that this data presents a problem for past analyses of clitic doubling which tie these
interpretive restrictions to a particular clitic form. As a first step to solving the interpretive puzzle, I argue that
dative and accusative clitics should receive different analyses. Dative c ...
DATIVE SUBJECTS IN LITHUANIAN AND ICELANDIC
... Ég finn ‘I find’ vs. mér finnst ‘ It seems to me’
Ég sé ‘I see” vs. mér sést yfir ‘it escapes my notice’
Ég mæli ‘I speak’ vs. Mér mælist vel (*af ástettu ráði)
I:DAT delivered a good speech
The Latvian dative and genitive: A Cognitive Grammar - DUO
... My first encounter with the Latvian case system was in August 1991, when I arrived in Riga
to spend a year in Latvia as an exchange student. As I gradually mastered the language, I
was struck by what I saw as the simplicity and logic of the Latvian case system. The fact
that my fascination for the s ...
Spanish Clitics, Events and Opposition Structure
... Plata region (Argentina and Uruguay). The use of clitics in that area seems more unconstrained
than the standard Spanish from Spain. For instance, the sentence (10b) below would be hardly
accepted by a speaker from Spain. On the contrary, equivalent pairs like those of (21a) are found
everywhere in ...
DOM in Spanish-state of the art
... (see Balasch 2011 for one of the few cases where the extension of DOM across
varieties is studied, and Aleza 2013 for a detailed study of leísmo in Cuba, which is
potentially relevant for a-marking). Zdrojevski (2013) reports that in Rioplatense
Spanish a sentence like Chocó al coche ‘It.crashed A t ...
Commentary on Historia Apollonii regis Tyri
... nostram: for meam. The use of the plural for singular is especially
common with personal pronouns and adjectives. It has a generalizing effect
bonestis moribus decoratam:
"(since it is) distinguished by a
respectable character"; the participle has a causal sense.
6. si enim scis: The object is ...
The nature of cognate objects A syntactic approach Cristina Real
... these terms, ‘If x is part of y, then if a telic predicate maps y (as Theme) onto event e, it must
map x onto an event e’ which is part of e”(Dowty 1991:567). For example, in an event of
“writing a letter” parts of the letter corresponds to subevents that are part of the whole event
of writing a let ...
double case constructions in Koine Greek - Journal of Greco
... The clause in (11), for example, is derived from the active (double
accusative) construction: tij kale/sei au0tou\j ui9ou\j qeou= (‘someone
will call them sons of God’). Similarly, the clause in (12) is derived
from the active tij kalei= th\n nh=son Meli/thn (‘someone calls the
island Malta’); and t ...
Accusative Case-Assignment in Double Object Constructions in
... One of the basic principles embodied in MP is VP shells. All constructions within the framework of MP are
basically derived as having VP shells structures (Radford, 2004, 2009). The traditional VP structure which
contains the verb and its two complements, as in DOCs, becomes a subordinate to vp and ...
TWO CLASSES OF DOUBLE OBJECT VERBS: THE ROLE OF
... participate in checking operations which take place in the functional domain. It is well
known, for example, that in Icelandic passives dative goals undergo EPP-driven
movement (quirky subjects, see Zaenen, Maling & Thraínsson 1985 among many
others). There are two approaches concerning the formal p ...
The Double-O Constraints in Japanese* William J. Poser
... The Double-O Constraint (Harada 1973), is intended to account for the ungrammaticality of clauses containing two accusative Noun Phrases. It has
been discussed by numerous authors in various formulations. This paper attempts to clarify the phenomena involved and to reduce the class of possible
Remarks on the History of the Indo-European Infinitive
... Conversely, if
but when ...
two types of impersonal sentences in spanish
... plus its internal arguments, the nature of the external argument being
irrelevant.7 What one would expect, if our proposal is correct, is to be able to
form idioms with locatives in ditransitive structures, but not with those which
appear with impersonal verbs, because they should behave as any othe ...
... with semantics. Instruments, not surprisingly, take instrumental case. Likewise, adjunct
modifiers which are time expressions (i.e. which form a semantic class) all take accusative case.
The examples in this section have all been simple declarative sentences, and different types of
constructions sho ...
Le: from pronoun to intensifier*
... will continue to extend to more verbal bases.7 As Bybee (1985: 81ff.) has
shown, the distinction between derivational and inflectional morphemes
is gradient rather than discrete. Since intensifier le is a fairly recent
development, it is even more difficult to assign it to a fixed position on
the de ...
Non-finite complements and modality in de-na `allow` in Hindi-Urdu
... In (9) and in many examples below, the =ko postposition is ambiguous between
dative and accusative case. The contrast of DOM accusative with the goal dative
is even clearer in Kashmiri, a language related to Hindi-Urdu and similar in case
marking. The Kashmiri and Hindi-Urdu permissives are very sim ...
Direct Object Pronouns - Reeths
... C. We can also use an Indirect Object PRONOUN in English:
1. a. Jorge is giving the dog to her. (Her stands for Teresa). OR
b. Jorge is giving her the dog.
2. a. I’m buying a pop for him. (Him stands for my friend.) OR
b. I’m buying him a pop.
C. Now let’s see what it looks like in Spanish! In Span ...
Open Access - Biblio UGent
... The goal of this paper is to discuss how HAVE and BE alternate in the
FEVP. The description of the data will lead to the analysis of the FEVP as
a pattern expressing what I call ‘affected possession’. The matrix subject
in the FEVP not only encodes a Possessor7 but also an Affectee.
Syntactically, I ...
6 - Rutgers Optimality Archive
... their systems of morphological case.
Thus, we have three different conceptions of case. Two abstract conceptions, one of them syntactic (grammatical functions) and one semantic (thematic roles), which are universal, and one ‘concrete’ conception, morphological case, which is language particular. The ...
Dative verbs: A crosslinguistic perspective
... them to be associated with the caused possession event schema. These verbs do
not lexicalize caused motion: although caused possession of a physical object is
typically effected by physically moving that object, it is possible to give a physical
object without manipulating it. As A. Goldberg (1995, ...
The dative case (abbreviated dat, or sometimes d when it is a core argument) is a grammatical case generally used to indicate the noun to which something is given, as in ""Maria gave Jakob a drink"". Here, Jakob is an indirect dative.In general, the dative marks the indirect object of a verb, although in some instances, the dative is used for the direct object of a verb pertaining directly to an act of giving something. This may be a tangible object (e.g., ""a book"" or ""a tapestry""), or an intangible abstraction (e.g., ""an answer"" or ""help"").Sometimes the dative has functions unrelated to giving. In Scottish Gaelic and Irish, the term dative case is used in traditional grammars to refer to the prepositional case-marking of nouns following simple prepositions and the definite article. In Georgian, the dative case also marks the subject of the sentence with some verbs and some tenses. This is called the dative construction.The dative was common among early Indo-European languages and has survived to the present in the Balto-Slavic branch and the Germanic branch, among others. It also exists in similar forms in several non-Indo-European languages, such as the Uralic family of languages, and Altaic languages. In some languages, the dative case has assimilated the functions of other now-extinct cases. In Ancient Greek, the dative has the functions of the Proto-Indo-European locative and instrumental as well as those of the original dative.Under the influence of English, which uses the preposition ""to"" for both indirect objects (give to) and directions of movement (go to), the term ""dative"" has sometimes been used to describe cases that in other languages would more appropriately be called lative.