Feature Mismatches: Consequences for Syntax, Morphology and
... In this dissertation, I investigate the nature of grammatical features and propose that a
grammatical feature is split into two halves: one half (uF) that is legible to the morphological component and one half (iF) that is legible to the semantic component. Though these
halves in general match up, t ...
10. - Universität Erfurt
... This is a linguistic investigation of the functional domain of possession in the
Mayan language spoken on the peninsula of Yucatan, Mexico. Most of the data
were collected in fieldwork. A possessive relationship connects two elements,
the possessor and the possessum. In the prototypical case, the fo ...
Robust Handling of Out-of-Vocabulary Words in
... kernels, allows the seamless use of features encoding linguistic structure in
This dissertation focuses on the HPSG framework, but the method can
be used in any framework where the lexical information can be encoded as a
word tag. As a case study, we take LX-Gram, a computational gr ...
Semantics of Nouns and the Specification of
... nominal subtype within the broad typology of noun subcategories. The analysis also
shows that certain grammatical elements that are generally regarded as typical number
markers need to be reclassified as nominal aspect markers in the language. Moreover, a
careful examination indicates that even thou ...
The Bamunka Noun Phrase
... They left Tikari after the death of their Fon (chief) following a difference of opinion
during the enthronement of the new chief. Two men, two women and their mother
travelled through hills, forests and across streams until they saw the land and were
pleased with it. When they finally entered the la ...
Possessives and relational nouns
... friend of John). However, we shall see that the prenominal possessive
systematically has a wider range of interpretations.
The meaning of a possessive involves three main elements: two individuals (the possessor and the possessee), and a relation between
them, which I will call the Possession Relati ...
On Indefinite Subject NPs in Chinese
... their references in English. He proposes that English has four forms of NPs: (i)
the proper noun, (ii) the definite NP (the NP that is preceded by a definite article, a determiner, or the possessive NP), (iii) the singular indefinite NP (a
countable N preceded by an indefinite article ‘a’), and (iv) ...
41_NguyenThiHue_NA904 - Trường Đại học Dân lập Hải Phòng
... 1. Rationale of the study
English is considered as the most widely used language with more than
60% of the world population speaking this. It is also a second language that was
taught commonly around the world. I, an English major, find it not easy but very
interesting to study further this global l ...
Quotation, Demonstration, and Iconicityâ Kathryn Davidson
... perhaps not surprising that sign languages include significant iconic language. In fact, many
people imagine sign languages to be more iconic than they actually are, mistakenly assuming
that signs are nearly always iconic and/or gestural. The strongest version of this belief is
disproven immediately ...
... the equal sign to write true number sentences.
3. TSW will complete independently using RDW for 5
minutes; then as a whole class discuss the student’s solution.
Definiteness And Indefiniteness: A Contrastive Analysis Of The Use
... This paper aims to investigate the Malay language interference in the production of
erroneous English structures among secondary ESL learners. The strong version of
Contrastive Analysis claims that the differences between L1 and L2 structures results in
negative transfer due to the transfer of old h ...
View/Open - Minerva Access
... structures always admit a phrasal interpretation, rather than a
Keywords: incorporation, polysynthesis, formal grammar,
Indigenous Australian languages
Supersense Tagging of Unknown Nouns using Semantic Similarity
... common nouns that have been added to a new version
of W ORD N ET. They use the common nouns that have
been added to W ORD N ET 1.7.1 since W ORD N ET 1.6 and
compare this evaluation with a standard cross-validation
approach that uses a small percentage of the words from
their W ORD N ET 1.6 training ...
... Additionally, a remarkable feature of clitic placement in Ossetic is that, aside from full-fledged
clitic climbing, so-called "weak" clitic climbing is also observed. In this configuration, the clitic is
not found in a second position neither in the subordinate nor in the main clause; it is placed
PDF - UCSB Linguistics
... kinds of coordinationare overtly mfiked. In many, coordinatingconjunctions are optional. Interestingly, the diachronic sourcesof the markers are
often still transparent. This suggeststhat it might be possible to trace the
path along which formal syntactic coordination can develop over time. The
Part 1 - ZiyoNET
... definition of nouns. He noticed that adjectives like "same" can modify nouns, but
no other kinds of parts of speech, like verbs or adjectives. Not only that, but there
also doesn't seem to exist any other expressions with similar meaning that can
modify verbs and adjectives. Consider the following e ...
Issues and Challenges in Developing Statistical POS Taggers for
... languages such as Maithili, Awadhi, Angika, Bengali,
Assamese, Odia and many others, Sambalpuri has not
gained much attention; neither from linguists nor from
the government. It is really quite obvious to affirm that it
shares the genetic affinity with the Indo-Aryan language
family by observing som ...
numbers – with nouns
... figure? Should it be “I sold twenty” or “I sold 20”? In court reporting, there are special issues which
must be taken into account in making this decision. Numbers representing the time of day, dollar
amounts, measurements, decimals, dates – all add additional considerations. No matter what decision ...
Paraphrasing of Synonyms for a Fine
... meanings of the paths are similar and the words can be
paraphrased (for example, finds a solution to and solves). Padó
and Lapata  take into account context words that stand in a
syntactic dependency relation to the target word and introduce an
algorithm for constructing semantic space models. T ...
Nouns and Noun Phrases: Grammatical Variation and Language
... efficiency and frequency. If this is so, then we need to initiate a more systematic dialogue
between linguists and psychologists so that we can better understanding how processing
works and how it has impacted grammars and led to typological variation. The purpose of
this paper is to initiate such a ...
The Seven Kinds of Nouns
... Using a list of nouns when children are beginning to read is helpful in making teaching easier. Nouns are one of the first
parts of speech that children learn when they begin to read. Use the following list of nouns for each age group to help
your child learn about the ideas things, people and place ...
slides - stony brook cs
... English Parts of Speech (cont.)
Preposition (IN): on, in, by, to, with
To (TO): as in “to eat”
Basic (DT) a, an, the
WH-determiner (WDT): which, that
Coordinating Conjunction (CC): and, but, or
A classifier, sometimes called a counter word, is a word or affix that is used to accompany nouns and can be considered to ""classify"" the noun depending on the type of its referent. Classifiers play an important role in the grammar of certain languages, especially East Asian languages, including Chinese and Japanese. In European languages classifiers are absent or marginal; an example of a word that may be considered to have the function of a classifier in English is head in phrases like ""five head of cattle"".In languages that have classifiers, they are often used when the noun is being counted, that is, when it appears with a numeral. In such languages, a phrase such as ""three people"" is often required to be expressed as ""three X people"", where X is a classifier appropriate to the noun for ""people"". Classifiers sometimes have other functions too; in Chinese they are commonly used when a noun is preceded by a demonstrative (word meaning ""this"" or ""that""). Chinese classifiers are also commonly called measure words, although some writers make a distinction between the two terms.Classifier handshapes appear in some sign languages; these may have a somewhat different grammatical function.Certain parallels can be drawn between classifier systems and noun classes, although there are significant differences. Languages with classifiers may have up to several hundred different classifiers, whereas those with noun classes (or in particular, genders) tend to have a smaller number of classes, not always much dependent on the nouns' meaning, and with a variety of grammatical consequences.