CHAPTER 1: BEGINNINGS TO 1763
... economies and societies
In the South, rural
Plantations with a single
cash crop were common
Small Southern farmers
(Germans, Scots-Irish) and
African slaves made up the
majority of people
tobacco - Tipp City Schools
... Mainland America
• Thousands of African slaves were needed to operate sugar
plantations. At first, Indians were intended to be used, but
disease killed an estimated 90% of all Native Americans. So,
Africans were brought in.
• To control so many slaves, “codes” were set up that defined
the legal stat ...
3 Colonies OH New Leaning Standards
Prelude to War 1845-1860 Famous People
... financial panic in the United States caused by the declining international
economy and over-expansion of the domestic economy.
southern economy suffered little whereas the northern economy took a
significant hit and made a slow recovery.
The area affected the most by the Panic was the Great Lakes re ...
Maryland*s Acts of Toleration
... ● Sets the trend for European colonization of the Americas
● European countries race to establish colonies in the “New
AP US Ch 2 Tobin 2014
... 6A Virginia self government
Representative self-government was born in
Virginia, when in 1619, settlers created the House of
Burgesses, a committee to work out local issues. This
set America on a self-rule pathway.
The first African Americans to arrive in America also
came in 1619. It’s unclear ...
Chapter 4 - AP US History
... to Christianity, and incorporating
them, along with enslaved and free
Africans, into the Spanish colonial
SG04 - Caledonia High School
... 1. headright- The right to acquire a certain amount of land granted to the person who finances the
passage of a laborer. “Masters-not servants themselves- thus reaped the benefits of
landownership from the headright system.”
2. disenfranchise- To take away the right to vote. “The Virginia Assembly i ...
CPUSH (Unit 1, #2)
... 1. The Jamestown colonists hoped to find wealth and they did.
2. In 1612, John Rolfe experimented with a hybrid form of ________
3. Tobacco forced colonists to expand to find new _______________
& some were able to build large __________________________
4. Tobacco created a need for field laborers t ...
... THE 13 ENGLISH COLONIES
1607 – first permanent
settlement at Jamestown
Pilgrims at Plymouth colony
rejected Church of England
from the Chapter and the in-class video. Colonies
... Rhode Island – original colonial charter was granted by King Charles I – was the first colony to officially separate the
laws of the church and state – provided religious tolerance, representative government and separation of church and
state – which became the foundation for future political though ...
13 Colonies New England Colonies
... Between 1650-1750 3 distinct regions developed within the colonies.
Each region faced different challenges due to various climate, location
and natural resources.
The New England Colonies
The soil in the NE colonies was unsuitable for large scale farming.
Many people of the NE colonies turned to sh ...
Exploration, Discovery, and Settlement, 1492-1700
... work the farms, rather
than slave labor.
Indentured servants were
Europeans) who would
work without wages for a
period of time (usually
seven years) in order to
pay their passage.
Early Exploration 1
... Spanish colonies—wealth was
appealing to other countries.
• Treasure ships were a target and
England as well as other powers
encouraged piracy and even
established colonies in the New
... Liberties, in 1683
Became a haven for all religions
Age of exploration resulted from
... The Dutch originally settle Now York aka.
• In 1609, Henry Hudson explores waterways for
• Dutch claim land, found New Netherland—now
known as Albany and New York City
• Dutch focus on fur trade; welcome settlers from other
Unit Outline: North America, 1492-1763 - AP Central
... A. Need for cheap labor, especially in southern colonies
1. European immigrants
a. Have many opportunities for land ownership
b. Will not work on rice/tobacco plantations
2. Native Americans
a. Prone to disease
b. Can escape too easily
3. Indentured servants can only provide a temporary solution
American Life in the Seventeenth Century, 1607
... ___ 4. By the eighteenth century, the Chesapeake population was growing on the basis of natural
___ 5. Chesapeake Bay tobacco planters responded to falling prices by cutting back production.
___ 6. The “headright” system of land grants to those who brought laborers to America benefited
Unit 1: Beginnings to 1861
... a. Middle Passage – leg of the triangular trade between the Americas, Europe, and Africa;
also used to refer to the forced transport of slaves from Africa to the Americas
F. Slavery in the Colonies
a. South Carolina and Georgia
i. high temperatures and dangerous diseases
ii. indigo – need for many s ...
Slavery in the colonial United States
The origins of slavery in the colonial United States are complex and there are several theories that have been proposed to explain the trade. It was largely tied to European colonies' need for labor, especially plantation agricultural labor in their Caribbean sugar colonies operated by Great Britain, France, Spain, and the Dutch Republic.Most slaves who were brought to the Thirteen British colonies which later became the Eastern seaboard of the United States were imported from the Caribbean, not directly from Africa. They arrived in the Caribbean predominantly as a result of the Atlantic slave trade. Although slavery of indigenous peoples also occurred in the North American colonies, by comparison of scale it was less important. Slave status for Africans usually became hereditary.