Hw 20 - Cal Poly

... 1. What is absolute zero? Why was it a different flavor of physics from what Newton offered? 2. What is the zero-point energy? How can this force of nothing exist? 3. Heisenberg’s Uncertainty Principle (HUP) says ΔxΔp ≥ ђ/2. Given the General Uncertainty Relation ΔAΔB ≥ |<[A, B]>|, prove HUP. Things ...

... 1. What is absolute zero? Why was it a different flavor of physics from what Newton offered? 2. What is the zero-point energy? How can this force of nothing exist? 3. Heisenberg’s Uncertainty Principle (HUP) says ΔxΔp ≥ ђ/2. Given the General Uncertainty Relation ΔAΔB ≥ |<[A, B]>|, prove HUP. Things ...

references - StealthSkater

... with Planck's hypothesis of the quantum. And one can only speculate as to the direction that physics would have taken then. The list of topics successfully analyzed within the SED formulation (i.e., yielding precise quantitative agreement with QED treatments) has now been extended to include the har ...

... with Planck's hypothesis of the quantum. And one can only speculate as to the direction that physics would have taken then. The list of topics successfully analyzed within the SED formulation (i.e., yielding precise quantitative agreement with QED treatments) has now been extended to include the har ...

A Simply Regularized Derivation of the Casimir Force

... of fields, there are some indispensable infinities/irregularities and we always try to regularize our calculations to find out the physical finite/regular results. But, what has happened here? Is there really no regularization in this work? The answer is clearly negative. Clearly, if we observe the ...

... of fields, there are some indispensable infinities/irregularities and we always try to regularize our calculations to find out the physical finite/regular results. But, what has happened here? Is there really no regularization in this work? The answer is clearly negative. Clearly, if we observe the ...

icnfp_2015_v5

... nontrivial physical fact, that the force depends on the only parameter of the body - its mass (and not, for example, on its chemical composition, entropy etc). The situation gets more complex if the test body is immersed into gas or fluid. Then ...

... nontrivial physical fact, that the force depends on the only parameter of the body - its mass (and not, for example, on its chemical composition, entropy etc). The situation gets more complex if the test body is immersed into gas or fluid. Then ...

The Origin of Inertia

... represent individual particles and the ink represents energy or mass. Just as pieces of paper of different sizes and thickness soak up varying amounts of ink, different particles 'soak up' varying amounts of energy or mass. The observed mass of a particle depends on the particle's 'energy absorbing' ...

... represent individual particles and the ink represents energy or mass. Just as pieces of paper of different sizes and thickness soak up varying amounts of ink, different particles 'soak up' varying amounts of energy or mass. The observed mass of a particle depends on the particle's 'energy absorbing' ...

Document

... Annihilate the quantum whereas the negative energy component create the quantum. This quantum is called a particle of positive energy. ...

... Annihilate the quantum whereas the negative energy component create the quantum. This quantum is called a particle of positive energy. ...

Dark Energy

... Stars and galaxies are only ~0.5% Neutrinos are ~0.3–10% Rest of ordinary matter (electrons and protons) are ~5% ...

... Stars and galaxies are only ~0.5% Neutrinos are ~0.3–10% Rest of ordinary matter (electrons and protons) are ~5% ...

Zero-Point Energy and Interstellar Travel

... sub-atomic in size. And since the wavelength is so small, it follows that the frequency is quite high. The importance of this is that the intensity of the energy derived for zero-point energy has been reported to be equal to the cube (the third power) of the frequency. So obviously, since weÕre alre ...

... sub-atomic in size. And since the wavelength is so small, it follows that the frequency is quite high. The importance of this is that the intensity of the energy derived for zero-point energy has been reported to be equal to the cube (the third power) of the frequency. So obviously, since weÕre alre ...

The Zero-Point Field and the NASA Challenge to Create the Space

... like the "stretching of space itself implied by the Hubble expansion. Alcubierre s concept would indeed be a "warp drive." Unfortunately Pfenning and Ford (1997) demonstrated that, while the theory may be correct in principle, the necessary conditions are physically unattainable. In "The Challenge t ...

... like the "stretching of space itself implied by the Hubble expansion. Alcubierre s concept would indeed be a "warp drive." Unfortunately Pfenning and Ford (1997) demonstrated that, while the theory may be correct in principle, the necessary conditions are physically unattainable. In "The Challenge t ...

Zero Point Energy

... Naively, it is infmite, but one must argue that new physics takes over at the Planck scale, and so its growth is cut off at that point. Even so, what remains is so large that it would visibly bend space, and thus, there seems to be a contradiction. There is no easy way out, and reconciling the seemi ...

... Naively, it is infmite, but one must argue that new physics takes over at the Planck scale, and so its growth is cut off at that point. Even so, what remains is so large that it would visibly bend space, and thus, there seems to be a contradiction. There is no easy way out, and reconciling the seemi ...

Appendix

... is the mode function, a normalized solution of the field equation (13). We are using the Heisenberg picture, i.e. we have time-dependent operators; the quantum states are time-independent. Classically the ground state would be one where ϕ = const. = 0, but we know from the quantum mechanics of a har ...

... is the mode function, a normalized solution of the field equation (13). We are using the Heisenberg picture, i.e. we have time-dependent operators; the quantum states are time-independent. Classically the ground state would be one where ϕ = const. = 0, but we know from the quantum mechanics of a har ...

PPT

... possible in such a world are spatial changes, movements… SO at last the task of physics is to refer phenomena to inalterable attractive and repulsive forces whose intensity varies with distance. The solubility of this problem is the complete comprehensibility of nature." Helmholtz ~1890. Quantum wor ...

... possible in such a world are spatial changes, movements… SO at last the task of physics is to refer phenomena to inalterable attractive and repulsive forces whose intensity varies with distance. The solubility of this problem is the complete comprehensibility of nature." Helmholtz ~1890. Quantum wor ...

TOWARD AN INTERSTELLAR MISSION: ZEROING IN ON

... can sustain: with V, = VP, the ZPF energy density is pzp = 2n2c7/G2k. This is on the order of 10116 ergs cm -3 s-l . The term “ZPE” is often used to refer to this electromagnetic energy of the zero-point fluctuations of the quantum vacuum. Note that the strong and weak interactions also have associ ...

... can sustain: with V, = VP, the ZPF energy density is pzp = 2n2c7/G2k. This is on the order of 10116 ergs cm -3 s-l . The term “ZPE” is often used to refer to this electromagnetic energy of the zero-point fluctuations of the quantum vacuum. Note that the strong and weak interactions also have associ ...

Plentiful Nothingness: The Void in Modern Art and Modern Science

... Yakov Zeldovich (1967): Virtual particles bubbling out of the vacuum of quantum field theory contribute to the cosmological constant Λ • zero-point energy of a harmonic oscillator (vacuum = ground state) E= ...

... Yakov Zeldovich (1967): Virtual particles bubbling out of the vacuum of quantum field theory contribute to the cosmological constant Λ • zero-point energy of a harmonic oscillator (vacuum = ground state) E= ...

Spontaneous Teleportation of Biological Systems

... where G=Gibbs energy, H is the enthalpy (where H=U +pV), T is the thermodynamic temperature and S is the entropy. And when under conditions of constant pressure and temperature, the direction of a reaction's progress is in the direction of the lower Gibbs energy. The minimum Gibbs energy corresponds ...

... where G=Gibbs energy, H is the enthalpy (where H=U +pV), T is the thermodynamic temperature and S is the entropy. And when under conditions of constant pressure and temperature, the direction of a reaction's progress is in the direction of the lower Gibbs energy. The minimum Gibbs energy corresponds ...

The Casimir Effect 1 Introduction

... So why didn’t we get exactly the Casimir force? The answer is that the VdW forces are not pairwise additive due to multiple scattering. Theoretically, it is possible to make the exact calculation using the VdW approach, however, the calculation is very complicated and one should try and find an alte ...

... So why didn’t we get exactly the Casimir force? The answer is that the VdW forces are not pairwise additive due to multiple scattering. Theoretically, it is possible to make the exact calculation using the VdW approach, however, the calculation is very complicated and one should try and find an alte ...

What is the Regularized Casimir Vacuum Energy Density? Xinwei Kong

... The structure of these two contributions to the vaccum energy density is exactly the same as for the full Maxwell field in (4). Only the first, position-independent part will contribute to the total Casimir energy for this configuration of two parallel plates. On the other hand, for a spherical shel ...

... The structure of these two contributions to the vaccum energy density is exactly the same as for the full Maxwell field in (4). Only the first, position-independent part will contribute to the total Casimir energy for this configuration of two parallel plates. On the other hand, for a spherical shel ...

Vacuum Energy and Effective Potentials

... Consequently, the zero-point energy of the δϕ field remains constant, but the zero-point energy of Φ depends on the M 2 and hence on the hϕi, so let’s calculate this energy and its ...

... Consequently, the zero-point energy of the δϕ field remains constant, but the zero-point energy of Φ depends on the M 2 and hence on the hϕi, so let’s calculate this energy and its ...

LAMB SHIFT & VACUUM POLARIZATION CORRECTIONS TO THE

... tion, Dirac devised a relativistic wave equation that is linear in both ∂/∂t and ∇, although he succeeded in avoiding the negative probability density, negative-energy solutions still occurred. That means that an atomic electron can have both negative and positive energies. But according to the qua ...

... tion, Dirac devised a relativistic wave equation that is linear in both ∂/∂t and ∇, although he succeeded in avoiding the negative probability density, negative-energy solutions still occurred. That means that an atomic electron can have both negative and positive energies. But according to the qua ...

Gravity as a result quantum vacuum energy density

... Mass itself is not producing gravity, gravity is a result of lower energy density (in GR described as higher curvature of space) of local areas of quantum vacuum. In the universe there is a general law of homogeneous distribution of energy (second law of thermodynamics). Because if this law quantum ...

... Mass itself is not producing gravity, gravity is a result of lower energy density (in GR described as higher curvature of space) of local areas of quantum vacuum. In the universe there is a general law of homogeneous distribution of energy (second law of thermodynamics). Because if this law quantum ...

Tunneling and the Vacuum Zero

... of the stochastic processes theory is the study of escape rates over a potential barrier. The theoretical approach, first proposed by Kramers [1], has many applications in chemistry kinetics, diffusion in solids, nucleation [2], and other phenomena [3]. The essential structure of the escape process ...

... of the stochastic processes theory is the study of escape rates over a potential barrier. The theoretical approach, first proposed by Kramers [1], has many applications in chemistry kinetics, diffusion in solids, nucleation [2], and other phenomena [3]. The essential structure of the escape process ...

Why spontaneous emission

... the zero state….When a light quanta is absorbed it is said to jump into this zero state and when one is emitted it can be considered to jump from the zero state to one in which it is physically in evidence, so that it appears to have been created. Since there is no limit to the number of light quant ...

... the zero state….When a light quanta is absorbed it is said to jump into this zero state and when one is emitted it can be considered to jump from the zero state to one in which it is physically in evidence, so that it appears to have been created. Since there is no limit to the number of light quant ...