Download APWH Ch 26 - Marion County Public Schools

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The Steel and Chemical Industries
Steel is an especially hard & elastic form of iron that could be made only in
small quantities by skilled blacksmiths before the 18th century. A series of
inventions in the 18th & 19th centuries made it possible to produce large
quantities of steel at low cost
Until the late 18th century, chemicals were also produced in small amounts
in small workshops. The 19th century brought large-scale manufacture of
chemicals & the invention of synthetic dyes & other new organic chemicals
The complexity of industrial chemistry made it one of the first fields in
which science & technology interacted on a daily basis. This development
gave a great advantage to Germany! where government-funded research
& cooperation between universities & industries made the German chemical
& explosives industries the most advanced in the world by the end of the
19th century
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