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Reporting conventions as per the APA (American Psychological Association) format
Basically a research report should describe –
 What was done
 Why it was done
 How it was done
 What was found
 What the findings mean
And it should contain the following sections
 Title
 Abstract (100-150 words) – with aim, method, results, conclusion
 Intro – background, past results, aim, hypothesis
 Method: participants, materials & procedure
 Results
 Discussion – conclusion, statement of significance , identifying ext/ confounding
variables & suggestions to overcome, degree to which findings can be generalised to
broader pop
 References & Appendices
Dot point # 2: Sampling procedures in selection and allocation of participants
 Sampling procedures in selection and allocation of participants: random sampling,
stratified sampling, random-stratified sampling, convenience sampling
 Random allocation of participants to groups: control and experimental groups
Participant selection & allocation
Sampling procedures
A Population- is the body of the community from which a sample of participants is drawn
So if there is a random sample of 30 VCE students from Pentridge S.C, then the
population is VCE students at Pentridge S.C
 Selecting subjects for research is called Sampling
 A Sample is a subset of a larger group i.e. the Population to be studied.
 The sample should be representative of the population
Participant Allocation – once participants have been chosen to be in a sample, they then need
to be allocated to different groups (control & experimental)
Random allocation- each participant has an equal chance of being allocated to the control or
experimental group
 This ensures that each group (Experiment & Control) are as similar as possible in terms
of personal characteristics of interest
Page # 6
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