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Name:_____________________________________________________
Review Book Worksheets
(Pages: 185-189 Scientific Achievements)
Crisis and Achievement
1. What did medical advances improve between 1800-1900s?
2. Define Louis Pasture:
3. Describe germ theory:
4. In 1928 what medical turning point occurred and who was responsible?
5. By late 1800s what became legal in many countries, that improved harsh working
conditions?
6. Who paved the streets and made cities better places to live?
7. What was introduced in London and Paris that made cities better places to live?
Describe what they did?
8. What was A. Volta and M. Faraday responsible for?
9. What was invented in 1879 and by whom?
10. What did the following invent:
 Alexander Graham Bell Guglielmo Marconi Gottlieb Daimler Henry Ford Albert Einstein Pierre and Marie Curie Sigmund Freud11. All of the discoveries of the 1800-1900s led to what? (Be specific)
Name: _____________________________________________
Review Book Worksheet
(Pages: 190-195  World War I)
Crisis and Achievement
1.
As the 1900s began, what did Europe enjoy?
2.
What 4 issues led to unrest in Europe?
*
*
*
*
3.
Define NATIONALISM and give 2 examples according to the reading.
4.
Define MILITARISM and give 1 example according to the reading.
5.
Describe IMPERIALISM and ECONOMIC Rivalry during the 1900s.
6.
Describe the ALLIANCE SYSTEMS:
*Triple Alliance:
* Triple Entente:
7.
What are 2 reasons why the Ottoman Empire became weak? Explain both examples
8.
Who was the heir to the Austrian throne?
9.
Why was he assassinated?
10. Who were the Central Powers?
11. Who were the Allied Powers?
12. This area extended across Belgium and northeastern France to the border of Switzerland.
13. This region ran from the Baltic Sea to the Black Sea.
14. What region ran between Italy and Austria-Hungary?
15. What are these areas of fighting called?
16. What made WWI an enormously destructive one?
17. What new technique was used in which little ground was gained by either side?
18. Name 5 new changes in warfare:
19. A war that was fought at home as well as on the battlefield?
20. What goes into the above war effort? (list 2 specifics)
21. Who withdraws from WWI in 1918?
22. Who enters the war in 1917?
23. When a nation does not support other sides in war time:
24. Germany used what, which brought the US into the war?
25. Why is 11/11/1918 important (what happened)?
26. The loss of 8.5 million people and famine and disease were war_________________.
27. What % of money was spent by Britain during the war?
28. All over the world there were______________ and _______________ losses.
29. The allies insisted that the Central Powers make ___________________ for the war they caused.
30. In the ______________ what began as a local incident , led to a _____________
_______________.
Name: _____________________________________________
Review Book Worksheet
(Pages: 196-201 Revolution in Russia)
Crisis and Achievement
1.
2.
3.
4.
After a revolution in _____, Czar _______________ agreed to __________, but they
_________.
The promise of what, by V. Lenin, led to a communist take over of Russia?
Stalin, leader after Lenin, ____________ the country, focusing on ____________
__________.
What were the 4 major causes of the Russian Revolution? (describe)
a.
b.
c.
d.
5.
On Sunday, January 22, 1905 what event occurred? And why was in negative?
6.
Czar Nicolas agreed to___________, and promised to grant what?
7.
The elected Russia national legislature was called?
8.
Why was Russia not ready to fight a modern war?
9.
What sparked revolt in Russia in 1917?
10. The council of workers and soldiers who wanted to speed up reform were called?
11. What 2 men headed the revolutionary socialist party, known as _______________?
12. The Bolsheviks, distributed land to _____________ and gave workers control of?
13. What agreement was signed in 1918 to end Russian involvement in WWI?
14. Who was Lenin willing to make peace with?
15. What was Lenin’s army?___________ What was the army that remain loyal to the
czar?_________
16. To eliminate competition between sides, the communist executed?
17. During the Russian civil war_____________ leaders took over?
18. What was the NEP, and what did it do?
19. Made up of diverse European and Asian peoples, Russia becomes?
20. After Lenin’s death___________ _____________ becomes new Soviet leader.
21. Stalin ruled through?
22. Describe the GREAT PURGE.
23. A form of gov’t with a one party dictatorship that regulates every aspect of the citizens lives?
24. The process of Stalin promoting Russian history and language, appointing Russians to key
posts in gov’t, and redrawing the boundaries of many republics was known as?
25. When the gov’t makes all basic economic decisions. (All factories, businesses and farms)
26. To increase industrialization, Stalin set up?
27. Despite the progress most Russians remained?
28. Define Collectives:
29. How did peasants react to Collectivization?
30. What was the result of Stalin’s policies? (be specific)
Name: __________________________________________
Review Book Worksheet
(Pages: 202-209 Between the Wars)
Crisis and Achievement
1.
After WWI, the ___________________ punished ___________ . The __________________ had little
power. Old ____________ _________________ and new nations had come into being.
2.
Who made up the Big 3? (US) _____________ (England)________________ (France)_______________
3.
What is the name of the meeting of these 3?
4.
What did the Treaty of Versailles entail?
a.
b.
c.
5.
DESCRIBE the League of Nations:
6.
Who never joined the League of Nations? Why?
7.
What defeated Central Power collapsed in 1918? Who gains control of the land?
8.
Who was horrified by the terms of the Treaty of Versailles?
9.
Who was angry because lands they claimed in China were not recognized?
10. Why was Russia mad?
11. What did nations in the Middle East, Africa and Asia struggle for?
12. Who led the Turkish nationalist movement, by overthrowing the __________ and defeated ________
__________ forces? _________________ He was “father of the Turks” (__________)
13. Replacing Islamic laws with European laws, following the Christian calendar, and allowing women to no
longer wear veils, are examples of? __________________or ___________________ of Turkey.
14. In 1925______________________ overthrew the __________ (ruler) of Iran. He quickly tried to
__________ ___ and ____________ Iran.
15. What were some examples of Westernization in Iran?
16. Reza Khan had support of __________ Iranians but not of ___________ religious ______________.
17. Define mandates:
18. The movement for a Jewish homeland (_____________) was to be established in _____________?
19. During WWI 1 million __________ had served the Allied cause. In India, Indians had _______ ________.
20. A turning point in India in 1919 was the?_______________ _______________ (describe)
21. Who was Gandhi? (be specific)
22. During WWI China was in _________. After _______ _________, founder of __________ __________
stepped down, warlords fight for ________. RESULTS:
23. Define Guomindang:
24. Who opposed the Guomindang?
25. In mid 1800s who begins to demand greater rights?
26. Right to vote is ____________. 1st country to allow women’s suffrage (1893)?_____________. 1920 the
___________________ was passed in the US allowing all citizens over 21 to vote.
27. After WWI nations had _______ _________ to pay and __________ to _______________.
28. A time of global economic collapse was the?
29. What were the 3 CAUSES of the Great Depression:
a.
b.
c.
30. Because of the Great Depression, _________ and __________ closed, millions came to rely on ________
___________, and countries raised ___________ ___________.
31. Widespread _______ ____________ paved the way for the rise of ______________. In ___________ and
__________ leaders promised solutions.
32. Define Fascism:
33. In Italy, ___________ _____________ took advantage of the nations unrest. He promised to:
34. In 1922 Fascist ended:
35. In Germany, _______________ created major economic ___________. These troubles led to the rise of
____________ power.
36. ___________ ______________ promised to provide ______ and ___________ German ___________. In
1933 he was appointed __________.
37. What did Hitler call “his” Germany?
38. Hitler rearmed Germany and :
39. Who did Hitler use as scapegoats?
40. Define anti-semitic:
41. Hitler used ________ and the arts as _________________ ___________. To push anti-semitic policies.
42. What took away the political rights and German citizenship of Jews?
43. In 1920s, what did Japan move toward?
44. In the 1930s, what were 3 causes of Japanese Militarism?
a.
b.
c.
45. What were 3 effects of Militarist rise in Japan?
a.
b.
c.
Name: __________________________________________
Review Book Worksheet
(Pages: 210-215 World War II)
Crisis and Achievement
1.
At first, who began to win major victories during WWII?
2.
United States and the Soviet Union entered on whose side?
3.
What was formed to try and maintain peace?
4.
In the 1930’s what organization was weak, that it allowed Germany, Japan and Italy to build new
empires?
5.
List the 4 causes of WWII and briefly describe each:
a.
b.
c.
d.
6.
What axis did group did Japan, Italy and Germany form?
7.
In 1939, what agreement was made between Hitler and Stalin and WHY?
8.
Germany, Italy and Japan were what powers?
9.
France and Britain (later joined by Soviet Union, China and US) were?
10. How was Poland aquired by Germany?
11. In 1940 Germany had entered _________. __________ ___ ________ formed a French
government in exile. These French worked from ___________ to ________ their homeland.
12. Describe each TURNING POINT OF WWII:
a. The Entry of the US (1941):
b.
Battle of Stalingrad (1942-1943):
c.
El Alamein (1942):
d.
Invasion of Italy (1943):
e.
Invasion of Normandy (1944):
13. The war ends in EUROPE when?
14. The war ends in the Pacific when?
15. At the Yalta Conference (2/1945) who decides what is to happen at the end of the war?
16. What was to happen as a result of the Yalta Conference?
17. Why were the allies able to pour resources into the Pacific?
18. What 2 Japanese cites were bombed in August of 1945?
19. Who surrenders on August 10, 1945?
20. Democratic governments increased their power during the war. In what 4 ways did this happen?
a.
b.
c.
d.
21. What forms of discrimination took place in the US, Canada and Britain during the war?
22. What groups were targets for Hitler, in the creation of “his” living space?
23. Define genocide:
24. What happened on Kristallnacht?
25. What was the name for a death camp set up by Hitler?
26. Describe the following war time atrocities:
a. Japanese invasion of Nanjing:
b.
In Philippines:
c.
In Poland:
27. Describe the Impacts of WWII:
a. Human Losses:
b.
Economic Losses:
c.
War Crime Trials:
d.
Occupied Nations:
e.
The United Nations:
f.
Literature and Arts: