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Chapter 16- Vocab and images- Questions:
album leaf
A painting on a single sheet of paper for a collection stored in an album.
arhat -
The space between two columns; also the passageway in an arcuated gate.
A horizontal structural member that carries the load of the superstructure of a building; a
timber lintel.
bi brocade calligraphy -
caput mundi celadon -
A Japanese Buddhist sect and its doctrine, emphasizing enlightenment through intuition
and introspection rather than the study of scripture. In Chinese, Chan.
characters -
Pottery made of clay that is fired at low temperatures and is slightly porous. Also, clay
figurines and statues produced in the same manner.
eaves embroidery
The technique of sewing threads onto a finished ground to form contrasting designs.
glaze handscroll hanging
A varnish like substance made from the sap of the Asiatic sumac, used to decorate wood
and other organic materials. Often colored with mineral pigments, lacquer cures to great
hardness and has a lustrous surface.
The sloping supporting timber planks that run from the ridgepole of a roof to its edge.
The circular area under a dome; also a domed round building.
A Chinese ceramic technique in which the design is incised through a colored slip.
Chapter 16- Vocab and images- Questions:
A mixture of fine clay and water used in ceramic decoration.
Pottery fired at high temperatures to produce a stone like hardness and density.
A timber plank or other structural member used as a support in a building. Also a short
section of marble used to support an arm or leg in a statue.
Yangyin Zen Slides- I need all of the usual information and sketch of each- - make sure you give the importance of each pieceyou may be able to use this information later16-3 16-5
Chapter 16: China and Korea to 1279
Preview: In China, Neolithic pottery was produced as early as
the fourth millennium BCE, after which the history of Chinese
and Korean art to 1279 is divided into periods according to powerful ruling dynasties. The Chinese Shang dynasty ruled in the
Bronze Age from ca. 1600-1050 BCE, during which bronzeworkers produced elaborate cast vessels. During the Zhou and
Qin dynasties of 1050-206 BCE, artists excelled in works of
bronze, lacquer, and jade, and the famed terracotta army of
6,000 soldiers was produced to guard the First Qin Emperor’s
burial mound. China’s territory expanded and trade increased
during the Han dynasty of 206 BCE-220 CE, and Chinese artists
gained wide notoriety for painting on silk. During the Period of
Disunity (220 to 581 CE), the first Chinese images of Buddha
were made, and Xie-He produced the six canons of Chinese
painting. Asian art entered a golden period under the Chinese
Tang dynasty (618-907) and Korea’s Unified Silla Kingdom (688935), when artists excelled at figure painting and murals. During
the Song and Liao dynasties (960-1279), Chinese artists produced extremely refined landscape paintings and erected the
world’s tallest wooden building, the Foguang Si Pagoda, in 1056.
From its early history to the 13th century, China emerged as a
preeminent force on the world stage, its cultural, social, and
technological achievements virtually unparalleled. China has had
an enormous cultural influence upon its neighbors, including
Korea; but Korea has played a historically critical role as the cultural bridge between the Asian mainland and Japan, the focus of
Chapter 17.
Key Figures: Xie He, Yan Liben, Laozi, Zhuangzi, Gu Kaizhi
Key Cultural & Religious Terms: characters, Daoism, junzi, ren,
Key Art Terms: silk, brocades, embroidery, porcelain, earthenware, stoneware, slip, glaze, guang, lacquer, bi, jade, nephrite,
terracotta, boshan, rubbing, iron-wire lines, hanging scrolls,
handscrolls, album leaves, fans, mandorla, lalitasana pose,
meiping, graffito, celadon, maebyeong/meiping
Key Architectural Terms: pitched roof, projecting eave, beam,
bracket, rafter, strut, purlin, modules, pagoda, rotunda
Laozi and Confucius's philosophies filter through
every part of the Chinese thinking including art.
Daoism (meaning "the way", a journey that allows
the pilgrim to wander meaningfully in selfexpression) and Confucianism.
First Emperor Shih Huangdi, 3rd century BCE
(unified China, codified written Chinese,
standarized weights and measures, developed uniform currency, started the Great Wall)
Calligraphy is the most respected art form
Artworks are usually in the form of handscrolls,
hanging scrolls, fans, and album leaves.
Height of ancient Chinese = Tang Dynasty (618906CE)
Courtyard style houses that express the philosophy
about the family and social position.
Ming Dynasty = Forbidden City
Artwork is divided into periods defined by dynasties.
Chapter 16- Vocab and images- Questions: