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Ch. 5 Notes Ancient China Section 1 Section 1 • The first known civilization in China was the Shang dynasty. • Its people built China’s first cities, created fine bronze work, and created the first Chinese writing. • The family was the center of early Chinese society. Section 2 Section 2 Questions • Confucius was a poor noble from the North China Plain who became a professional teacher. • Confucius believed that a peaceful, orderly society was possible only when rulers treated others justly. • He reformed Chinese government by requiring that civil service workers be hired based on merit. Section 3 Section 3 • Shi Huangdi was the first emperor of China and the Qin dynasty. He built the Great Wall and roads for the army to travel quickly, and divided China into districts and selected officials. • During the Han dynasty there was a stable government. Education and Confucianism were important priorities. Later, military power became more important. Section 4 Section 4 • The Silk road opened China to trade with lands to the west. • Some important inventions during the Han dynasty were paper, iron farming tools, rudder, wheelbarrow, collar and harness.