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Transcript
```Monetary Policy Practice
The THREE TOOLS of the FED in order of importance are:
1.
2.
3.
Open Market Operations: _____________________________________________________
*The FED always holds bonds and currency. When they wish to change the money supply they can either
Draw a picture that shows what happens with open-market
operations if the Fed wishes to INCREASE the money supply
Draw a picture that shows what happens with open-market
operations if the Fed wishes to DECREASE the money supply
Discount Rate:_______________________________________________________________
Complete the following sentences:
If the Fed believes there is too much money in the economy, they can try to reduce lending
activity by banks. In order to do this, they should _________________ the discount rate. This
would cause banks to _______________ their interest rates. As interest rates increase, money
becomes ______________ expensive. If this is the case, people and businesses want
________________ loans. This will cause economic activity to_________________.
If the Fed believes there is not enough money in the economy, they can try to increase lending
activity by banks. In order to do this, they should _________________ the discount rate. This
would cause banks to _______________ their interest rates. As interest rates decrease, money
becomes ______________ expensive. If this is the case, people and businesses want
________________ loans. This will cause economic activity to_________________.
Reserve Requirement:_________________________________________________________
If the reserve requirement is 20% and \$100 is deposited into a bank, the bank HAS to keep
\$_______ and may loan out \$_______. If the reserve requirement is RAISED to 50%, the bank
has to keep \$_________ and may loan out \$________.
Raising the reserve requirement puts _____________ money in the economy. Lowering the
reserve requirement would put ______________ money in the economy.
```
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