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Early Government 1776-1789 free and independent Constitution Articles of Confederation good central failed guidelines states power feared After the Revolutionary War was won, the new American nation had to create a formal government. The first organized government of the United States was established in the document called the _____________________________________________. The Articles of Confederation would eventually fail for many reasons and would be replaced by the ________________________. For now we will discuss the Articles of Confederation. The Articles of Confederation was a system where the ___________held the most power. Unfortunately creating a league of _________________________________states would establish that the states would have much greater power than the _________________________ government. This would lead to many problems. The only thing that was ____________about the Articles of Confederation was the development of _____________________ for the admission of new states into the Union. That was about it! Because the states had all the_________________, the Articles of Confederation was unsuccessful at solving many problems. The main criticism of the Articles of Confederation was that they ___________________to provide adequate powers for the central government. This lack of a national executive and judiciary under the Articles of Confederation suggests the founder’s ________________ a strong central government. weaknesses population representation increase states Representatives national census To address the ________________________of the Articles of Confederation, delegates at the Constitutional Convention agreed to ___________________the powers of the central government by creating a new government which would be written in the form of the Constitution. At the Constitutional Convention of 1787, a major obstacle to drafting a new Constitution was the disagreements between_____________ over representation in Congress. At the Constitutional Convention of 1787, a bicameral legislature was proposed as the solution to the disagreement over State ___________________ in the_________________ Government. This bicameral legislature was a way to address the issue of __________________differences among the states. The requirement to conduct a __________________was included in the United States Constitution to determine the number of members from each state in the House of _________________________________. limitations abuse individual liberties State protecting author participation representation Southern States There were many compromises made at the Constitutional Convention. The Great Compromise resolved a conflict over ________________________ in Congress. The ThreeFifths Compromise was also a solution to the problem of how to determine the number of representatives from each___________________. The Three-fifths Compromise reduced the fear of loss of representation by __________________________with large populations. The Three-fifths Compromise said that 5 slaves counted as 3 men towards the population. Now that the new stronger Constitution replaced the weak Articles of Confederation, a Bill of Rights was added to the Constitution to protect _____________________________against abuse by the Federal Government. Protecting the people from _______________by the Federal Government was the main purpose of adding the Bill of Rights. The ratification of the Bill of Rights in 1791 illustrated a commitment to __________________________the individual liberties of its people. One similarity between the Declaration of Independence and the Bill of Rights is that both stress the importance of individual liberty and support the___________________ on governmental power. For a nation to be considered a democracy there must citizen _____________________ in government. For a document to be a primary source, the _________________ must be there when the story happened.