Download Chapter 8 Study Guide

Survey
yes no Was this document useful for you?
   Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Document related concepts
no text concepts found
Transcript
Chapter 8 Study Guide
1. The _________________________________ were too weak to govern the nation after the
war ended.
2. The weakness of the Articles of Confederation led to the writing of the U.S.
____________________.
3. In 1775, Daniel Boone and 30 woodsmen cut the _________________________ Road over
the Appalachian Mountains into Kentucky.
4. Settlers
were
drawn
to
Kentucky’s
rich
river
valleys,
where
tensions
between
___________________ Americans and settlers led to violent confrontations.
5. Once the American colonies declared independence, each of the states set out to create its
own ______________.
6. Some states included a bill of rights in their _______________________ as a way to keep
the government under control.
7. A republic, is where the people choose ____________________________ to govern them.
8. During the Revolutionary War, Silas Deane, a diplomat from Connecticut, wrote, “United we
____________________, divided we fall.”
9. In the Articles of Confederation the national government had few powers, because many
Americans were afraid that a strong government would lead to ______________________.
10. The ___________________________ of 1785 called for surveyors to stake out six milesquare plots, called townships..
11. The _________________________________ (1787) described how the Northwest Territory
was to be governed.
12. ______________ was a critical problem for the government, much of that money was owed
to soldiers of its own army.
13. Under
the
Articles
of
Confederation,
Congress
did
not
have
the
power
to
____________________.
14. In Massachusetts ______________________ were so high that farmers fell deeply into debt
and ended up in jail.
15. ______________________ asked the Massachusetts legislature to provide debt relief, but
the legislature refused and the farmers rebelled.
16. __________________________ Rebellion, as the uprising came to be known, the farmers
won the sympathy of many people.
17. The states sent delegates to a convention to solve the problems of the
________________________________________.
18. The Constitutional Convention formed the plan of ____________________________ that the
United States still has today
19. The news of Shays’s Rebellion caused many Americans to think that the national
______________________________ needed strengthening.
20. In the summer of 1787 the states sent delegates to the Constitutional Convention in
_______________________________ to rewrite the Articles of Confederation.
21. _________________________, who had been elected as a delegate from Virginia, refused
to attend; he said he “smelled a rat in Philadelphia, tending toward monarchy.”
22. ____________________________________ was elected a president of the convention.
23. They did not want to be pressured by the politics of the day so they decided that their
discussions would remain ___________________________.
24. The Virginia Plan proposed a government that would have_________________________
branches.
25. The first branch of government was the ___________________________, which made the
laws.
26. The second branch was the __________________________, which enforced the laws.
27. The third branch was the ___________________________, which interpreted the laws.
28. The Virginia Plan proposed a legislature in which the number of representatives from each
state would be based on the state’s population or its ________________________. (Did not
pass, wealth was not adopted)
29. Larger states supported the Virginia plan the ________________________ states opposed
this plan.
30. The Great Compromise created_________ houses in the legislation branch of government.
31. To satisfy the smaller states, each state would have an equal number of votes in the
________________________.
32. To satisfy the larger states, representation in the ___________________________________
was set according to state populations.
33. The ________________________________ Compromise addressed how slaves would be
counted for taxes and representation.
34. Americans across the nation debated whether the ______________________ would produce
the best government.
35. The
U.S.
Constitution,
including
the
Bill
of
Rights,
today
protects
American
__________________________.
36. The
framers
of
the
Constitution
___________________________.
knew
that
the
document
would
cause
37. ______________________________ is a system of government in which power is shared
between the central government and the states.
38. Linking themselves to the idea of federalism, the people who supported the Constitution took
the name _______________________________.
39. People who opposed the Constitution were called _________________________________.
40. A series of essays were written in support of the new Constitution later became known as the
______________________________________.
41. Three well-known politicians wrote The Federalist papers—James Madison, Alexander
Hamilton, and _____________________________.
42. The patriot Patrick Henry and George Mason fought _____________________________
ratification.
43. The Anti-federalist wanted the power to remain with the ___________________________.
44. The Anti-federalist feared that a strong ________________________________ might
become a king or a tyrant.
45. Most of the ______________________________ supported the Constitution, giving the
Federalists more publicity than the Anti-federalists.
46. Many states ratified the Constitution, asking that it be amended to include a
__________________________________.
47. The first_________________________ amendments to the U.S. Constitution became known
as the Bill of Rights.
48. Who was the first President of the United States? _________________________
49. When was Jamestown Founded? _______________________
50. When was the Declaration of Independence signed? ________________________