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Spring 2014 Final Exam Study Guide
1. Name the 6 metric prefixes and list their numerical values
2. Name the 5 basic metric quantities and what is being measured.
3. Name the metric units for the basic quantities.
4. Name the phases of matter.
5. Which of these phases are considered fluids?
6. Which phase of matter has the least amount of energy?
Write the formulas and the units for
7. Speed
8. Acceleration
9. Force
10. Gravitational potential energy
11. Kinetic energy
12. Weight
13. Momentum
14. Density
15. Pressure
16. Speed of a free falling object
17. What is the difference between kinetic energy and potential energy?
18. What is the numerical value for the acceleration due to gravity on Earth?
19. What is the numerical value for the density of water?
20. What is lift, drag, and thrust?
21. What is Archimedes’s Principle?
22. What is buoyant force and how do you calculate it?
23. What is Bernoulli’s Principle?
24. What is Pascal’s Principle?
25. What are the 4 kinds of friction?
26. What is a hypothesis?
27. What is an experiment?
28. What is a scientific law?
29. What is a scientific theory?
30. What are Newton’s three laws of motion?
31. Name and describe the two motions of celestial objects.
32. What causes the seasons on Earth?
33. What is the summer and winter solstices?
34. What are the spring and fall equinoxes?
35. What causes the tides?
36. What are the 2 types of tides?
37. Label and Color the phases of the moon.(light is light, dark is dark)
38. At which phases of the moon do spring and neap tides occur?
39. At what phase of the moon do solar eclipses occur?
40. At what phase of the moon do lunar eclipses occur?
41. Name the 6 layers of the sun.(from the inside out)
42. Which layer of the sun is considered the surface?
43. Which layer of the sun gives it its color?
44. In which layer of the sun does it produce its energy?
45. What is the process called that produces the Sun’s energy?
46. What gas is used to make the energy in the Sun?
47. What gas is produced when energy is made in the Sun?
48. What is a sunspot?
49. What is a solar flare?
50. Name the 8 planets ( largest to smallest)
51. Which 2 planets don’t have moons?
52. Which planet rotates backwards?
53. Which planet’s axis is parallel to its orbital plane?
54. What is the difference between absolute brightness and apparent brightness?
55. How does the brightness scale work?
56. What are the 5 major colors of stars?
57. Which color of stars is the hottest, which is the coldest?
58. What are the 5 major types of stars?
59. Describe the 3 types of galaxies.
60. What is a black hole?
61. What is a neutron star?
62. What is a quasar?
63. What is a pulsar?
64. What is a light year?
65. How far (in Kilometers) is a light year?
66. What is an astronomical unit?
67. How far (in kilometers) is an astronomical unit?
68. What are the differences between, asteroids, meteoroids, meteors and meteorites?
69. What is parallax?
70. What is a comet?
71. What is the difference between a lunar eclipse and a solar eclipse?
72. What is a nebula?
73. What is the speed of light in space?
74. What is gravity?
75. What 2 factors affect gravity and how?