Download Religions of the Middle East Study Guide

yes no Was this document useful for you?
   Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the workof artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Document related concepts
no text concepts found
Religions of the Middle East Study Guide
Study your comparisons chart of the 3 religions!!!!!
Jewish Holy Book
Christian Holy Book
Islam Holy Book
Star of David
Jewish symbol
Christian symbol
Crescent moon and star
Islamic symbol
Sabbath days for each religion
Friday: Islamic Sabbath
Saturday: Jewish Sabbath
Sunday: Christian Sabbath
Holy cities
Jerusalem and Mecca
Importance of Jerusalem
Jews: Homeland and place where the first Jewish Temple was built. Wailing/Western Wall
Christians: Place Jesus was crucified
Muslims: Muhammad’s night journey to heaven started at the Dome of the Rock
Religious Holidays for Islam, Christianity, and Judaism and their meanings
Jewish: Rosh Hashanah: Jewish New Year
Hanukkah: Victory over Jewish enemies
Passover: Freedom from Egyptian slavery
Christianity: Christmas: Jesus birth
Easter: Jesus resurrection
Islamic: Ramadan: holy month of fasting
Eid ul-fitr: Festival of breaking the fast
Western Wall
Last remaining part of the first temple built for the Jews. In Jersusalem.
Division of Islam. Majority. Believe any Caliph can be religious leader.
Division of Islam. Minority. Believe only descendants of Ali (related to Muhammad) can be the rightful
5 Pillars and what they stand for in order
1. Shahadah: stating that there is only on god and that Muhammad is God’s prophet.
2. Salat: praying 5 times a day in the direction of Mecca.
3. Zakat: giving to the poor and needy.
4. Sawm: fasting during the month of Ramadan.
5. Hajj: pilgrimage to Mecca.
Descriptions of the worship centers for Christians and Muslims
Christians: Eastern Orthodox: shaped like a cross, beautifully decorated to reflect God, built with towers and
Protestant: people pray directly to God—rarely statues present.
Catholic: statues of Jesus, Mary, and the saints they pray to.
Muslims: *Mosques: No statues or seating. Pray on the floor on mats. Men and women pray separately.
Names for God
Yahweh/Hashem, God, Allah
Abraham (also his importance to all three religions)
Jews: Abraham declared there was one God and he was sent Canaan.
Christians: same because they believe in the Old Testament.
Muslims: Abraham was the father of Ishmael.
The prophet and important person for Jews. He led the Hebrews out of Egypt.
The prophet and Christian messiah. Crucified and resurrected for Christian sins.
Prophet of the Islamic religion. He started the Muslim religion by receiving the message of God. Also said
there was one God, Allah.
Religious leaders
Rabbi: Jews
Priest, minister, pastor: Christians
Imam: Muslims
10 Commandments
1. Have no other gods
2. Have no idols
3. Honor God’s name
4. Honor the Sabbath day
5. Honor your parents
6. Do not murder
7. Do not commit adultery
8. Do not steal
9. Do not lie
10. Do not be jealous of others