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Virginia Standards of Learning Workbook – Virginia and United States History

Standard VUS.9a
SUMMARY
Demonstrate knowledge of the emerging role of the United States in world
affairs by explaining the changing policies of the United States toward Latin
America and Asia and the growing influence of the United States in foreign
markets.
Essential Understandings
Many 20th century American foreign policy issues have their origins in America’s
emergence as a world power at the end of the 19th century. America’s intervention
in World War I ensured her role as a world power for the remainder of the century.
The growing role of the United States in international trade displayed the American
urge to build, innovate, and explore new markets.
Essential Knowledge
Creation of international markets
 Open Door Policy—Secretary of State John Hay proposed a policy that would give
all nations equal trading rights in China.
 Dollar diplomacy—President Taft urged American banks and businesses to invest in
Latin America. He promised that the United States would step in if unrest
threatened their investments.
 Growth in international trade occurred from the late 1800s to World War I—the
first era of a true “global economy.”
Latin America
 Spanish American War
- Puerto Rico was annexed by the
United States.
- The United States asserted the
right to intervene in Cuban affairs.
 Panama Canal and the role of Theodore
Roosevelt
- United States encouraged Panama’s
independence from Columbia.
- Parties negotiated a treaty to build
the canal.
Standard VUS.9
Asia and the Pacific
 Hawaii—U.S. efforts to depose
Hawaii’s monarchy; U.S. annexation of
Hawaii
 Philippines—Annexed after Spanish
American War
 Open Door Policy—Urged all foreigners
in China to obey Chinese law, and to
observe fair competition
-1-
Virginia Standards of Learning Workbook – Virginia and United States History

Standard VUS.9a
ESSENTIAL QUESTIONS
Directions: Answer the following questions to check your understanding of the
content of standard VUS.9a.
1 Why did the United States abandon its traditional isolationist foreign policy?
___________________________________________________________________________________
.
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
2 How did the United States expand its influences in the world?
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
Standard VUS.9
-2-
Virginia Standards of Learning Workbook – Virginia and United States History

Standard VUS.9b
SUMMARY
Demonstrate knowledge of the emerging role of the United States in world
affairs by evaluating United States involvement in World War I, including
Wilson’s Fourteen Points, the Treaty of Versailles, and the national debate
over treaty ratification and the League of Nations.
Essential Understandings
While American entry into World War I ensured Allied victory, the failure to conclude
a lasting peace left a bitter legacy.
Essential Knowledge
U.S. involvement in World War I
 The war began in Europe in 1914 when
Germany and Austria-Hungary went to
war with Britain, France, and Russia.
 For three years, America remained
neutral, and there was strong
sentiment not to get involved in a
European war.
Fourteen Points
 Wilson’s plan to eliminate the causes
of war
 Key
-
ideas
Self-determination
Freedom of the seas
League of Nations
Mandate system
 The decision to enter the war was the
result of continuing German submarine
warfare (freedom of the seas) and
American ties to Great Britain.
 Americans wanted to “make the world
safe for democracy.” (Wilson)
 America’s military resources of soldiers
and war materials tipped the balance of
the war and led to Germany’s defeat.
Treaty of Versailles
 The French and English insisted on
punishment of Germany.
 A League of Nations was created.
 National boundaries were redrawn,
creating many new nations.
Standard VUS.9
League debate in United States
 Objections to U.S. foreign policy
decisions made by an international
organization, not by U.S. leaders
 Senate’s failure to approve Treaty of
Versailles
-3-
Virginia Standards of Learning Workbook – Virginia and United States History

Standard VUS.9b
ESSENTIAL QUESTIONS
Directions: Answer the following questions to check your understanding of the
content of standard VUS.9b.
1 Why did the U.S. become involved in World War I?
___________________________________________________________________________________
.
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
2 How did visions of the postwar world differ?
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
Standard VUS.9
-4-
Virginia Standards of Learning Workbook – Virginia and United States History

Standards VUS.9a, 9b
REVIEW
Directions: Complete each sentence below with a term from the word bank. Write the
letter of the term in the blank.
Word Bank
a.
Cuban
n.
John Hay
b.
intervention
o.
Spanish American
c.
self-determination
p.
Panama Canal
d.
punishment
q.
Europe
e.
investments
r.
Theodore Roosevelt
f.
League of Nations
s.
World War I
g.
markets
t.
military resources
h.
neutral
u.
annexed
i.
Treaty of Versailles
v.
democracy
j.
“global economy”
w.
Philippines
k.
redrawn
x.
submarine warfare
l.
Dollar diplomacy
y.
Open Door
m.
international
z.
world power
____
1.
Many 20th century American foreign policy issues have their origins in
America’s emergence as a ______________ at the end of the 19 th century.
____
2.
America’s ______________ in World War I ensured her role as a world
power for the remainder of the century.
____
3.
The growing role of the United States in international trade displayed the
American urge to build, innovate, and explore new _____________.
____
4.
Secretary of State ____________ proposed the Open Door policy, designed
to give all nations equal trading rights in China.
____
5.
President Taft made ____________ the cornerstone of his foreign policy.
This called for American banks and businesses to invest in Latin America.
____
6.
Taft promised that the United States would step in if unrest threatened these
_______________.
____
7.
Growth in international trade occurred from the late 1800s to World War I—
the first era of a true ________________.
____
8.
Puerto Rico was annexed by the U.S. as a result of the U.S. victory in the
______________________ War.
____
9.
The U.S. also asserted the right to intervene in __________ affairs as a
result of its victory in the Spanish American War.
____
10.
Under the leadership of President _________________, the U.S. encouraged
Panama’s independence from Columbia.
Standard VUS.9
-5-
Virginia Standards of Learning Workbook – Virginia and United States History
____
11.
The U.S. negotiated a treaty with newly independent Panama for the U.S. to
build the _______________.
____
12.
The United States made efforts to depose Hawaii’s monarchy. In 1898, the
U.S. ______________ Hawaii.
____
13.
After the Spanish American War in 1898, the U.S. annexed the
_____________.
____
14.
The _______________ Policy urged all foreigners to obey Chinese law, and
to observe fair competition.
____
15.
While American entry into ___________________ ensured Allied victory, the
failure to conclude a lasting peace left a bitter legacy.
____
16.
World War I began in _____________ in 1914, when Germany and AustriaHungary went to war with Britain, France, and Russia.
____
17.
For three years, America remained _______________, and there was a
strong sentiment not to get involved in a European war.
____
18.
The decision to enter the war was the result of continuing German
_______________ (freedom of the seas) and American ties to Great Britain.
____
19.
Americans wanted to the “make the world safe for _________________.”
(Wilson)
____
20.
America’s ____________________ of soldiers and war materials tipped the
balance of the war and led to Germany’s defeat.
____
21.
Wilson’s plan to eliminate the causes of war included the concepts of
_____________________, freedom of the seas, a League of Nations, and a
mandate system.
____
22.
The French and English insisted on _________________ of Germany.
____
23.
A _____________________ was created at the Treaty of Versailles.
____
24.
National boundaries were _____________, creating many new nations.
____
25.
In the debate in the United States over the League of Nations, many
objected to U.S. foreign policy decisions being made by an
_______________ organization, and not by U.S. leaders.
____
26.
In the end, the Senate failed to approve (ratify) the ___________________.
Standard VUS.9
-6-