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Transcript
ANCIENT EGYPT, THE NEW KINGDOM
Each Egyptian ruler contributed something unique to the empire.
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Well trained warriors with advanced weapons
From Asia
Conquered Egypt/Nile Delta
Taught Egyptians Curved sword and war
chariot
Wanted to ally with Nubians to conquer
Egypt
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Ahmose rid Egypt of the Hyksos and
established the New Kingdom.
He set up Egypt to experience a golden age.
Ahmose re-established the economy and
trade.
He created a central government.
Ahmose conquered Nubia and greatly
expanded Egypt’s borders.
•Female Pharaoh (Most Famous)
•Had Great Trade expedition
•Ruled until her death
•Name removed from History (From Monuments)
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Hatshepsut took power from her stepson,
Thutmose III.
She was a female pharaoh.
Hatshepsut used heavy propaganda, including
having herself depicted as a man.
Hatshepsut encouraged trade instead of
engaging in warfare.
She sent the army on a trading expedition, from
which they brought back goods such as ivory,
leopard skin, and incense.
Thutmose
Thutmose
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Thutmose III successfully organized 20000
soldiers to defeat the foreign princes who had
been in Megiddo.
His exploits in war made Thebes one of the
most wealthy cities in the Ancient World
Kept records of their journeys
He created the biggest empire ever
conquered and ruled by one king.
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Amenhotep III was a diplomat.
He wrote the Amarna letters, carved on small
stones, to foreign princes.
Amenhotep III gave monetary gifts to foreign
rulers, always leaving them begging for more.
He married a commoner named Tiy, and saw her
as a near-equal. They were both worshipped as
gods.
He switched his religious interest to the minor
god Aten.
Akhenaton
Akhenaton encouraged worship of the Aten.
He shut down all worship of Amen-Re, and
became the first pharaoh to practice
monotheism.
 Akhenaton relocated 20000 people, including
himself, to a new capital city called Amarna.
 He became obsessed with destroyed all
mentions of Amen, and got so caught up that
the empire almost collapsed.
 Akhenaton died before disaster could strike.
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Tutankhamen had no power, since he became
pharaoh at 9 years old.
During his reign, the old religion was
restored.
At 19, Tutankhamen died mysteriously.
His tomb was discovered, untouched, by
Howard Carter in 1922. It took 10 years to
empty the tomb.
His death marked the beginning of a period
of uncertainty.
Ramses
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Ramses II was born a commoner, but his family fought
their way into royalty and he became pharaoh at 25.
He fought the Hittites from modern day Turkey.
Ramses II knew he could not defeat the Hittites, so he
negotiated a peace treaty.
He created the Ramseum, a temple to tell of his greatness.
He began a building program greater than any before.
He died at an astonishing 93 years old.
The New Kingdom fell less than 150 years after his death.