Download The 1940s 14-C 10 points NAME

yes no Was this document useful for you?
   Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the workof artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Document related concepts

Battle of Appomattox Station wikipedia , lookup

First Battle of Bull Run wikipedia , lookup

Battle of Antietam wikipedia , lookup

Alabama in the American Civil War wikipedia , lookup

Battle of Fort Pillow wikipedia , lookup

Ulysses S. Grant and the American Civil War wikipedia , lookup

Battle of Gaines's Mill wikipedia , lookup

Tennessee in the American Civil War wikipedia , lookup

South Carolina in the American Civil War wikipedia , lookup

Battle of Shiloh wikipedia , lookup

Reconstruction era wikipedia , lookup

Battle of Lewis's Farm wikipedia , lookup

Virginia in the American Civil War wikipedia , lookup

Battle of Cedar Creek wikipedia , lookup

Hampton Roads Conference wikipedia , lookup

United States presidential election, 1860 wikipedia , lookup

Battle of Namozine Church wikipedia , lookup

Border states (American Civil War) wikipedia , lookup

Lost Cause of the Confederacy wikipedia , lookup

United Kingdom and the American Civil War wikipedia , lookup

Conclusion of the American Civil War wikipedia , lookup

Commemoration of the American Civil War on postage stamps wikipedia , lookup

Opposition to the American Civil War wikipedia , lookup

Union (American Civil War) wikipedia , lookup

Mississippi in the American Civil War wikipedia , lookup

Georgia in the American Civil War wikipedia , lookup

Issues of the American Civil War wikipedia , lookup

Redeemers wikipedia , lookup

Military history of African Americans in the American Civil War wikipedia , lookup

Civil War
10 points
8 points
Chapter review….
Pg. 145 1.By 1820, abolition, the movement to free
African Americans from slavery, had taken hold.
Pg. 156 2. Over the centuries, the Northern and Southern sections
developed into two very different and economic regions.
Pg. 157 3. The South, with its plantation
of the United States had
economy, had come to rely on an enslaved labor force.
4. As the 31st Congress opened in December 1849, the question of statehood for California
the agenda.
Pg. 158 5. At last, in September, after eight months of effort, the Compromise
6. For the moment, the crisis over slavery in the territories
7. Attempting to escape
of 1850 became law.
had passed.
from slavery was a dangerous process.
8. As time went on, free African Americans and white abolitionists
people who would, at great risk to themselves, hide fugitive slaves.
developed a secret network of
9. The system of escape routes they used became known as the Underground Railroad
10. One of the most famous conductors was Harriet Tubman
Pg. 164 11. As the 1860
presidential election approached, the Republicans nominated Abraham Lincoln.
12. Nonetheless, many Southerners viewed his as an enemy
13. Lincoln emerged as the winner with less
14. Some Southern states decided to act
than half the popular votes.
Pg. 165 15. But one key question
remained in everyone’s mind: should the North allow the South
to leave the Union without a fight?
Pg. 169 16. The Union and the Confederacy were unevenly
17. The Union enjoyed enormous advantages
in resources over the South-more people, more
factories, greater food production, and a more extensive railroad system.
18. The Confederacy’s advantages included first-rate generals
, and highly motivated soldiers.
19. The first bloodshed
on the battlefield occurred about three months after Fort Sumter fell,
near the little creek of Bull Run.
20. In the afternoon Confederate reinforcements helped win the first Southern victory
Pg. 171. 21. McClellan ordered his men to pursue Lee
, and the two sides fought on
September 17 near a creek called the Antietam.
22. The clash proved to be the bloodiest
single-day battle in American history.
Pg. 176 23. Near the sleepy town of Gettysburg
battle of the war was fought.
Pg. 177 24. After the battle, Lee
back to Virginia.
, in southern Pennsylvania, the most decisive
gave up any hopes of invading the North and led his army to
25. The Three
-day battle produced staggering losses: 23,000 Union men and 28,000
Confederates were killed.
Pg. 180 25.In March 1864, Lincoln appointed Ulysses S. Grant
commander of all union armies.
26. Grant in turn appointed William Tecumseh Sherman
of the Mississippi.
as commander of the military division
27. Old friends and comrades in arms, both men believed in waging total war
28. Grant’s strategy was to decimate Lee’s army on Virginia while Sherman
raided Georgia.
Pg. 181 29. After reaching the ocean
, Sherman’s forces—followed by 25,000 former
slaves—turned north to help Grant “wipe out Lee.”
30. On April 9, 1865, in a Virginia town called Appomattox Court House, Lee and Grant
a private home to arrange a Confederate surrender.
31. After four
met at
long years, the Civil War was over.
32. Approximately 360,000 Union soldiers and 260,000 Confederates died
American combat deaths as in all other American wars combined.
, nearly as many
Pg. 182. 33. Economically, the Civil War dramatically widened the gap
34. The economy of the Northern
states boomed.
35. The Southern economy, on the other had, was devastated
36. Because of developments in technology
war, or the first modern war.
37. The war not only revolutionized weaponry
Pg. 183 39. After political maneuvering, the Thirteenth
, the Civil War has been called the last old-fashion
but also changed people’s lives.
38. Perhaps the biggest change came from African Americans
40. Lincoln and his wife went to Ford’s Theatre
Our American Cousin.
between North and South.
Amendment was ratified at the end of 1865.
in Washington to see a British comedy,
41. A man crept up behind Lincoln and shot the president in the back of the head.
42. After the shooting, the assassin, John Wilkes Booth
—at 26-year-old
actor and Southern sympathizer—then leaped down from the presidential box.
Pg. 184. 43. Reconstruction, the period during which the United States began to rebuild
Civil War, lasted from 1865 to 1877.
Pg. 186. 44. In the 1868 presidential election, the Civil War hero Ulysses S. Grant
after the
45. After the election, the Radicals introduced the Fifteenth
Amendment, which states that
no one can be kept from voting because of “race, color, or previous condition of servitude.”
Pg. 187. 46. During Reconstruction
47. However, many white
idea of equal rights.
, African-American men registered to vote for the first time.
Southerners refused to accept blacks’ new status and resisted the
48. Before the Civil War, African Americans had been denied full membership in many churches
49. During Reconstruction, African Americans founded their own churches
Pg. 188 50. Thousands of African Americans also took advantages of their new freedom
migrating to reunite with their family members.
51. Among these was Hiram Revels, the first African-American senator
52. Without their own land, free African Americans, as well as poor white
crops to sell or to use to feed their families.
53. In the system of sharecropping
of household a few acres.
farmers, could not grow
, landowners divided their land and assigned each head
54. Sharecroppers kept a smaller share of their crops and gave the rest to the landowners
Pg. 189 55. Eventually, support for Reconstruction weakened