Download Honors English II--Bible as/in Literature Vocabulary

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Honors English II--Bible as/in Literature Vocabulary
January 2009
1.anoint, v.—1) to pour or rub with oil; 2a) to apply oil to as a sacred rite, especially for
consecration; 2b) to choose by, or as if by, divine election; also, to designate as if by a
ritual anointment
2.Apocalypse, n.—the final battle between good and evil; a revelation concerning the
3.Apocrypha, n.--1)the 14 biblical books included in the Vulgate but considered
uncanonical by Protestants because they are not part of the Hebrew Scriptures
4.apocrypha, n.—writing of questionable authenticity
5.apocryphal, adj.—of questionable authenticity
6.Armageddon, n.—1) in the Bible, the battle between the forces of good and evil that is
predicted to mark the end of the world and precede the Day of Judgment (Revelation
16:16); 2) any final and decisive war or conflict, for example, a worldwide nuclear war
7.Beatitudes, n.-- (from Latin, beatitudo, happiness) the beginning portion of the Sermon
on the Mount. Each teaching begins with the same phrase, "Blessed are," e.g., "Blessed
are the peacemakers, for they shall be called the children of God.", n.—1) a law or body of laws established by a church; 2) a basis for judgment:
criterion; 3) the biblical books officially recognized as Holy Scripture; 4) in the Roman
Catholic Church, the calendar of accepted, i. e., "canonized," saints
9.Christ, n. literally, "anointed one"; the Greek translation of the Hebrew mashiach
10.covenant, n.—agreement
11.epistle, n.—letter. In the Bible, the Epistles of Paul preserve the letters Paul wrote to
early Christian churches, which he either founded or was trying to advise. N.B.: A novel
like Frankenstein can be called an "epistolary novel" because it is written in letters.
12.evolution, n.—1) change over time; 2) the scientific theory that groups of organisms,
such as species, may change or develop over a long period of time so that descendants
differ in form and/or physiology from their ancestors
13.glean, v.-- gather (grain or the like) after the reapers or regular gatherers
14.gospels, n.—stories of the life, teachings, death, and resurrection of Jesus. The gospels—
Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John—are the first four books of the New Testament. Literally,
gospel means "good news."
15.hagiography, n. --1) biography of saints or revered persons; 2) an idealizing biography
16.immaculate conception--literally "conception without stain," or the virgin birth; the concept
that Mary miraculously conceived Jesus but remained a virgin.
17.mammon, n.—wealth and riches considered as an evil and corrupt influence
18.matriarch, n.--one of the female founders of the Hebrew genealogy: Sarah, Rebekah, Rachel,
19.Original Sin—the sinful state, deriving from the disobedience of Adam and Eve, that
Christians believe all people are born into.
20.patriarch, n.—one of the male founders of the Hebrew genealogy: Abraham, Isaac, Jacob
21.primogeniture, n.—the exclusive right of the eldest child, especially the eldest son, to inherit
a family's estate
22.messiah, n. –1) the expected king and deliverer of the Jews; 2) Jesus ("Messiah"—
capitalized); 3) a professed or accepted leader of some hope or cause
23.New Testament, n.—the portion of the Christian Bible which tells the story of Jesus and the
spread of Christianity after his death
24.Old Testament, n.-- the portion of the Christian Bible which tells the story of the Hebrews
25.Pentateuch, n.—the first five books of the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament: Genesis, Exodus,
Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy. Literally, Pentateuch means "five scrolls."
26.Philistine, n.--a member of an ancient people in Palestine (N.B.: Goliath was a Philistine.)
27.philistine, n.-- one who is annoyingly indifferent to artistic and intellectual matters
28.prophet, n.—one who speaks for God
29.recitative, n.—a style of singing that is close to the rhythm of natural speech, used in opera
for dialogue and narration
30.Sodom and Gomorrah, n.—1) ancient cities destroyed by God for their wickedness; 2) a
place notorious for vice and corruption
31.testament, n.—a document which witnesses to the truth of an event or series of events
32.Torah, n.— the first five books of the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament: Genesis, Exodus,
Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy. Literally, Torah means "teaching" or "law."