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Unit 8: World War II & The Holocaust Section 1: World War II 10.8 Students analyze the causes and consequences of World War II. 1. Compare the German, Italian, and Japanese drives for empire in the 1930s, including the 1937 Rape of Nanking, other atrocities in China, and the Stalin-Hitler Pact of 1939. 2. Understand the role of appeasement, nonintervention (isolationism), and the domestic distractions in Europe and the United States prior to the outbreak of World War II. 3. Identify and locate the Allied and Axis powers on a map and discuss the major turning points of the war, the principal theaters of conflict, key strategic decisions, and the resulting war conferences and political resolutions, with emphasis on the importance of geographic factors. 4. Describe the political, diplomatic, and military leaders during the war (e.g., Winston Churchill, Franklin Delano Roosevelt, Emperor Hirohito, Adolf Hitler, Benito Mussolini, Joseph Stalin, Douglas MacArthur, Dwight Eisenhower). WWII Textbook Sections: Chapter 16 Section 1 (p.491-496), Chapter 16 Section 2 (p.497-501), Chapter 16 Section 4 (p.506-513). WWII terms/concepts to know (define all in your own words): 1. Nonaggression Pact 8. Atlantic Charter 2. Blitzkrieg 9. Isoroku Yamamoto 3. Charles DeGualle 10. Pearl Harbor 4. Winston Churchill 11. Battle of Midway 5. Vichy France 12. Douglas MacArthur 6. Battle of Britain 13. Battle of Guadalcanal 7. Erwin Rommel 14. Island Hopping 15. Dwight D Eisenhower 16. Battle of Stalingrad 17. D-Day 18. Battle of Bulge 19. Kamikaze WWII Focus Reading Questions: Chapter 16 Section 1 (Answer in complete sentences): 1. What suggested that the West would not aid the Soviets? 2. What did the fall of Poland signify? 3. Describe Hitler’s Blitzkrieg tactics? 4. How was Stalin able to defeat the Finns? 5. What is the Maginot Line? 6. How did the retreat at Dunkirk affect Britain’s ability to fight Hitler? 7. Do you think that de Gaulle’s speech applied to the British who had evacuated at Dunkirk? 8. Looking at the map on page 492: a. Which countries did Germany invade? b. In what ways was Germany’s geographic location an advantage when it was on the offensive in the war? 9. What advantages did the Luftwaffe have over the RAF? 10. How might the German attack on Britain have strengthened Britain’s resistance? 11. How long had the German-Soviet pact existed when Hitler began planning to invade his ally? 12. Compare the losses of the Germans and the Soviets at Leningrad and Moscow. 13. Under what conditions do you think the U.S. should remain neutral when other countries are fighting? 14. Do you think Germany was justified in attacking cargo ships? Why or why not? Chapter 16 Section 2 (Answer in complete sentences): 1. How did Yamamoto justify a preemptive strike on the United States? 2. How might American actions have justified his concern? 3. President Roosevelt described December 7 as “A date which will live it infamy.” What did he mean by this? 4. What can you infer about the attitude of many Asians toward colonization from the effort by the Japanese to win their support? 5. Summarize the fighting in the Pacific between December 1941 and April 1942. 6. Looking at the map on page 499: a. Which battle was fought in the most northern region? b. From what two general directions did Allied forces move in on Japan? 7. What did the Battle of Coral Sea imply about the importance of air power in the Pacific? 8. How did Midway show the value of military intelligence? 9. What strategy did General MacArthur use to fight the Japanese in the Pacific? 10. Do you think the Allies progressed quickly against the Japanese? Why or why not? Chapter 16 Section 4 (Answer in complete sentences): 1. Explain why the battles of Midway (Ch. 16 Sec. 2), El Alamein, and Stalingrad were important turning points in the war. 2. What did the debate about a second front imply about relationships among the Allies? 3. What was Mussolini’s fate? 4. How would you summarize the difference between the home fronts of the US and its major allies? 5. Why were so many women needed to work in war industries? 6. How would you contrast the way Japanese Americans were treated with how they acted during WWII? 7. Looking at the map on page 508: a. Which European countries remained neutral during WWII? b. What seems to be the destination for most of the Allied advances that took place in Europe during 1943-1944? 8. How quickly after D-Day did the Allies liberate Paris? 9. What caused Germany to surrender? 10. Looking at the map on page 510: a. What environmental problem might have been encountered by 1st Army soldiers landing at Utah Beach? b. Looking at the map, what might have been the Allied strategy behind parachuting troops into France? 11. How was the Battle of Leyte Gulf similar to the Battle of the Bulge? 12. What does the use of Kamikazes indicate about the strength of the Japanese navy? 13. What alternatives did the US have to making a full-scale invasion of Japan or to using atomic bombs there? 14. Looking at Global Impact on page 512: a. What advantages did the US have over Germany in the race to develop the atomic bomb? b. If you were to design a memorial to the victims of the Hiroshima and Nagasaki bombings, what symbol would you use? Make a sketch of your memorial.