Class Notes: War in the Pacific
... Surprise attack by Japanese (organized by Admiral ____________________________)
on the US fleet stationed at Pearl Harbor – “A date which will live in infamy.” – FDR
This Day in History Pearl Harbor Attacked
... Much of the Pacific fleet was rendered useless: Five of eight battleships, three destroyers, and seven other ships were
sunk or severely damaged, and more than 200 aircraft were destroyed. A total of 2,400 Americans were killed and
1,200 were wounded, many while valiantly attempting to repulse the a ...
... America joins the war
On December 7, 1941, 180 Japanese planes bombed Pearl
Harbor for almost two hours.
The attack resulted in over 3,000
American casualties and the
destruction of nearly the entire
Pacific Fleet. Roosevelt called it
“a date which will live in infamy.”
The United States declared w ...
8.02 Pacific Battle Map
... 6. By May of 1942, the Japanese reached the Coral Sea (
), where American ships were
waiting for them. This battle was technically a draw, but it marked the first set-back in Japan’s
7. In June of 1942, the Japanese sent a large fleet to the island of Midway (
). At the Battle of
WORLD WAR II
... The Allies Strike Back
U.S. quickly declared war on Japan
Began campaigns in the Pacific
May 1942 - Battle of the Coral Sea –
new kind of naval warfare
The Aftermath of Pearl Harbor
... Turning Point - Pacific
• The Battle of the
Midway, in June of
1942, led by
• 4 days-U.S. uses
learn of attack
• Now an offensive
Chapter 23 Section 3 Hideki Tojo − Japanese general and ______
... 5. Bataan Death March − grueling march in which Japanese troops forced _____________and
___________________ prisoners of war to walk more than 60 miles to prison camps
6. Battle of Coral Sea − battle that provided a strategic American _______________ and marked
the key role of aircraft carriers and ...
US Involvement In The Second World War
... In 1945, after the invasion of Berlin, Japan was issued
an unconditional surrender by the United States,
Great Britain and Soviet Union.
After ignoring the ultimatum, United States dropped
atomic bombs in Hiroshima and Nagasaki on August 6
and August 9, 1945, killing more than 130, 000 civilians.
USH Ch 14.3 Notes - Castle High School
... Bataan Death March − grueling march in which
Japanese troops forced sick and malnourished
prisoners of war to walk more than 60 miles to
WWII ABC Book
... during World War II between the
United States and Japan. It was the first
major battle of World War II to take
place on Japanese homeland. The island
of Iwo Jima was a strategic location
because the U.S. needed a place for
fighter planes and bombers to land and
The War in the Pacific
... 4. The Battle of Midway on June 3, 1942
resulted in U.S. planes sinking 4 aircraft carriers
and 250 planes.
5. The Battle of Midway was a turning point in
the war and the Americans began their “island
hopping toward Japan.
CHAPTER 14.1-14.3 TEST: Friday 12/9
... 23. When the German army drove deep into the Soviet Union, Stalin urged his allies to attack where?
24. On D-Day the Allies launched a mammoth invasion across what location?
The English Channel
25. At the Battle of the Bulge, what did Germans fight desperately to do?
Save their homela ...
18.4 WWII in the Pacific
... in the Pacific.
Assess U.S. And
towards each other.
Discuss the decision
to drop the atom
bomb on Japan.
File - Mr. Collins Class Website
... Young men waited in line to volunteer for the United States Navy on December 8, 1941. The draft was
already in place, but many young men volunteered before being drafted.
World War II Battles
... • Japanese wanted bloody
• Became launching point
for South Pacific
• Saves Australia from
invasion by the Japanese
Chapter 14 - 2 early battles
... We wanted to bomb Tokyo but couldn’t get our
carriers close enough to do it
Solution: Use B-25’s bomb Japan – launch them
from carriers and have them land in China.
April 1942 – “Doolittle’s raiders” bomb Japan –
don’t do much damage but boost US morale and
force Japan to change their next att ...
00 Key Terms - 6
... overseeing the manufacturing and delivery of all the necessary supplies;
during the course of the war, more than 16 million Americans served in the
Women’s Army Corps (WAC) – (1943-1978) US Army group
established during World War II so that women could serve in non-combat
roles; fulfilled i ...
CHECK FOR UNDERSTANDING – End of War in the Pacific
... 1. What was the significance of the Battle of Midway?
The Battle of Midway was one of the most important naval battles of World War II. Between June 4-7, 1942,
only six months after Japan's attack on Pearl Harbor, and one month after the Battle of the Coral Sea, the United
States Navy decisively def ...
First Phase (Dec 1941 – June 1942)
... the National Mobilization Law to include the conscription of
Korean workers for factories and mines on the Korean peninsula,
Manchukuo, and the involuntary relocation of workers to Japan.
Tens of thousands of young Korean women were drafted as
“Comfort Women” - in effect, sexual slaves - for Japan ...
America in World War II, 1941-1945
... America was badly wounded but roused to national unity and determination by Pearl Harbor. Roosevelt
and Churchill settled on a fundamental strategy of dealing with Hitler first, while doing just enough in the
Pacific to block the Japanese advance.
With the ugly exception of the Japanese-American con ...
Pacific Theatre of Operations
... American POWs
the vilification of
an entire people,
1944 WW 2 Pacific Stage
... American POWs
the vilification of
an entire people,
United States Navy in World War II
The United States Navy grew rapidly during World War II from 1941–45, and played the central role in the war against Japan, and (after the British Royal Navy) a major role in the European war against Germany and Italy.The U.S. Navy grew into a formidable force in the years prior to World War II, with battleship production being restarted in 1937, commencing with the USS North Carolina (BB-55). It was able to add to its fleets during the early years of the war while the US was still neutral, increasing production of vessels both large and small, deploying a navy of nearly 350 major combatant ships by December 1941 and having an equal number under construction.The Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN) sought naval superiority in the Pacific by sinking the main American battle fleet at Pearl Harbor, which was built around its battleships. The December 1941 surprise attack on Pearl Harbor did knock out the battle fleet, but it did not touch the aircraft carriers, which became the mainstay of the rebuilt fleet.Naval doctrine had to be changed overnight. The United States Navy (like the IJN) had followed Alfred Thayer Mahan emphasis on concentrated groups of battleships as the main offensive naval weapons. The loss of the battleships at Pearl Harbor forced Admiral Ernest J. King, the head of the Navy, to place primary emphasis on the small number of aircraft carriers.The U.S. Navy grew tremendously as the United States was faced with a two-front war on the seas. It achieved notable acclaim in the Pacific Theater, where it was instrumental to the Allies' successful ""island hopping"" campaign. The U.S. Navy fought six great battles with the Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN): the Attack on Pearl Harbor, Battle of the Coral Sea, the Battle of Midway, the Battle of the Philippine Sea, the Battle of Leyte Gulf, and the Battle of Okinawa.By war's end in 1945, the United States Navy had added nearly 1,200 major combatant ships, including 27 aircraft carriers and 8 battleships, and had over 70% of the world's total numbers and total tonnage of naval vessels of 1,000 tons or greater. At its peak, the U.S. Navy was operating 6,768 ships on V-J Day in August 1945, including 28 aircraft carriers, 23 battleships, 71 escort carriers, 72 cruisers, over 288 submarines, 377 destroyers, and thousands of amphibious, supply and auxiliary ships.