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World War II Vocabulary
Winston Churchill
Prime Minister of the United Kingdom during World War II
Giving in to unjust demands in order to avoid conflict
Political system headed by a dictator that calls for extreme nationalism, racism, and no tolerance
for opposition
A member of a German fascist party controlling Germany from 1933 to 1945 under Adolf Hitler
Nazi-Soviet Pact
Hitler and Stalin agreement of non-aggression. Hitler broke the pact and the Soviet Union would
later side with the Allies during World War II
Pearl Harbor
Dec. 7, 1941 Japanese surprise attack that brought the U.S. into World War II
Nazi campaign to exterminate the Jews in World War II
Lend Lease Act
Allowed the U.S. to send arms to any country “vital to the defense of the United States”
Regulation on the amount of goods that a consumer could buy; to promote the idea of sharing the
sacrifices of wartime
Tuskegee Airmen
African-American fighter group that distinguished themselves in providing air-support for
bombing missions into Germany
Office of War Information
Government agency responsible for controlling the content & imagery of war messages
Invasion of Normandy
On June 6, 1944, Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower led an Allied attack on German-controlled France.
The Allied forces won the battle, causing German forces to retreat
Battle of Midway (June 1942)
The turning point in the war in the Pacific. This pivotal battle dealt a severe blow to the Japanese
Island hopping
Allied naval strategy to reach Japan by taking one island at a time
Navajo Code Talkers
Native American soldiers used the Navajo language as an undecipherable military code in the
Korematsu v. United States
The Supreme Court upheld the relocation & internment of Japanese-Americans
“cash-and-carry” (1939)
Americans could sell non-military goods to the British & other allies
Bataan Death March (April 1942)
Japanese forces forced American POWs to undertake a 60-mile march through the Philippine
Germany was forced to fight British and American troops from the West and Russia from the
East. This divided Germany’s army in two and helped the Allies gain the advantage in Europe
Flying Tigers
American pilots who volunteered to work for the defense of China against Japanese aggression
from December 1941 to July 1942