* Your assessment is very important for improving the workof artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project
Download Semester 1 Unit 2 Review
Document related concepts
EARTH SCIENCE FIRST SEMESTER FINAL REVIEW I. (Ch. 4&5) Plate Tectonics and Crust Deformation 1. List the continents. The largest single land mass is made up of what two continents? 2. Explain the theory of Plate Tectonics. i. What are the different stages and land masses produced? ii. What evidence is there to support it? iii. How were the Himalayan Mountains created? 3. Explain what sea floor spreading is and at what type of boundary it occurs. 4. What evidence is there for sea floor spreading? 5. List the different types of plate boundaries. i. For each type of boundary explain the direction of plate movement ii. For each type of boundary what types of land masses form? iii. What is the San Andreas Fault? 6. List the two types of tectonic plates and what makes them up. 7. What is subduction and what happens to a subducting plate? II. (Ch. 6&7) Earthquakes and Volcanoes 1. What is the difference between a focus and an epicenter? 2. Name the three types of seismic waves. 3. List the main characteristics for each type of wave. 4. Why do L or Surface waves cause the most damage? 5. What is a seismograph and how are they used? i. Explain in detail what happens during an earthquake that allows for them to work. ii. What scale do they measure on and how is it different then a normal scale? 6. Name the three types of volcanoes and describe each. 7. Name the different parts of a volcano and explain what they do. 8. Where do most earthquakes occur? 9. What is the difference between and active, dormant and extinct volcano? 10. What is a hot spot? 11. Where do you find the most volcanic activity? III. (Ch.10) Rocks and Minerals 1. Describe the Rock Cycle: i. Name the three major rock types. ii. What are the main processes that change the rocks from one type to the other? iii. Explain each process and give examples of rock types made from each process. iv. Draw a picture of the rock cycle and label each part. Make sure to draw arrows showing all the possibilities of one type of rock changing into another. 2. How are the following rocks formed? i. Chemical ii. Organic iii. Clastic iv. Intrusive igneous v. Extrusive igneous vi. Metamorphic vii. Sedimentary 3. How are mineral grains in rocks used to classify them? IV. (Ch.20-22) Oceans 1. Describe the following ocean floor features and explain where they are located in the ocean basin: a. Continental Margin b. Continental Shelf c. Continental Slope d. Trench e. Abyssal Plain f. Mid-ocean Ridge g. Seamounts. 2. What elements make are found in ocean water and which is the most common? 3. How does salt and temperature affect the density of ocean water? 4. What is a thermocline and how does water depth affect temperature and pressure? 5. Describe the direction and explain what affects the movement of the following currents. i. Surface Currents ii. Deep Currents 6. Explain what the Coriolis force is and what it affects.